English Vietnamese dictionary
- tính từ
- dai, bền
- tough meat: thịt dai
- tough rubber: cao su dai
- dai sức, dẻo dai; mạnh mẽ (người)
- tough constitution: thể chất mạnh mẽ dẻo dai
- cứng rắn, cứng cỏi, bất khuất
- a tough spirit: một tinh thần bất khuất
- khăng khăng, cố chấp, ương ngạnh, ngoan cố
- a tough customer: một gã khó trị, một gã ngoan cố
- khó, hắc búa, gay go (vấn đề, bài toán)
- dai, bền
- danh từ
- (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ), (từ lóng) thằng du côn, tên vô lại; tên kẻ cướp
Advanced English dictionary
adjective, noun, verb
+ adjective (tougher, toughest)
1 having or causing problems or difficulties: a tough childhood / match + It was a tough decision to make. + She's been having a tough time of it (= a lot of problems) lately. + He faces the toughest test of his leadership so far. + It can be tough trying to juggle a career and a family.
strict / firm
2 ~ (on / with sb/sth) demanding that particular rules be obeyed and showing a lack of sympathy for any problems or suffering that this may cause: Don't be too tough on him-he was only trying to help. + It's about time teachers started to get tough with bullies. + The school takes a tough line on (= punishes severely) cheating. + Local traders are calling for tougher action against vandals.
3 strong enough to deal successfully with difficult conditions or situations: a tough breed of cattle + He's not tough enough for a career in sales. + She's a tough cookie / customer (= sb who knows what they want and is not easily influenced by other people).
4 (of a person) physically strong and likely to be violent: You think you're so tough, don't you? + He plays the tough guy in the movie.
5 difficult to cut or chew
not easily damaged
6 not easily cut, broken, torn, etc: a tough pair of shoes + The reptile's skin is tough and scaly.
7 ~ (on sb) (informal) unfortunate for sb in a way that seems unfair: It was tough on her being dropped from the team like that. + (ironic) 'I can't get it finished in time.' 'Tough!' (= I don't feel sorry about it.)
toughness noun [U]: Her background had given her the physical and mental toughness that enabled her to fight for what she wanted.
Idioms: (as) tough as old boots
(as) tough as nails (informal)
1 very strong and able to deal successfully with difficult conditions or situations: She's almost 90 but she's still as tough as old boots.
2 not feeling or showing any emotion
tough luck (informal)
1 (BrE) used to show sympathy for sth unfortunate that has happened to sb: 'I failed by one point.' 'That's tough luck.'
2 (ironic) used to show that you do not feel sorry for sb who has a problem: 'If you take the car, I won't be able to go out.' 'Tough luck!'
more at GOING n., HANG v., NUT n., TALK v.
+ noun (old-fashioned, informal) a person who regularly uses violence against other people
Phrasal Verbs: tough sth<->out to stay firm and determined in a difficult situation: You're just going to have to tough it out.
1 hard, firm, durable, long-lasting, wear-resistant, substantial, strong, stout, rugged, sturdy, sound, well-built:
Only one kind of material is tough enough to endure such conditions for so long.
2 stiff, hard, leathery, inflexible, chewy, fibrous, cartilaginous, sinewy, ropy, wiry, stringy:
That steak was as tough as shoe-leather.
3 strong, stalwart, brawny, burly, muscular, powerful, virile, manly, sturdy, doughty, intrepid, stout, rough, vigorous, strapping, athletic:
Two tough-looking characters moved towards us, so we left.
4 difficult, demanding, exacting, hard, troublesome; laborious, taxing, strenuous:
We deal with tough complaints every day. It's a tough job.
5 baffling, thorny, puzzling, perplexing, mystifying, knotty, irksome, difficult:
The examiners asked us some very tough questions.
6 stubborn, hardened, inured, obstinate, obdurate, hard, harsh, severe, stern, inflexible, refractory, intractable, adamant, unyielding, ungiving, rigid, unbending, unsentimental, unfeeling, unsympathetic, callous, hard-boiled, uncaring, cold, cool, icy, stony, Colloq hard-nosed:
He's a tough man to work for, but he's fair.
7 Colloq Too bad!, Tough luck!, Hard luck!, Brit Hard cheese!, Slang Tough titty!, Taboo Slang Tough shit!:
When I told him that my money had been stolen, he said 'Tough!'
8 bruiser, hooligan, bully (boy), rowdy, thug, ruffian, Colloq roughneck, bruiser, tough guy, gorilla:
A couple of toughs who had been threatening the cashier disappeared when they saw our uniforms.
be, seem | get
extremely, particularly, really, very | a bit, fairly, a little, pretty, quite
Things were pretty tough at first.
It's very tough on the wives when the husbands go off like that.
be | become, get
extremely, particularly, very | fairly, pretty, quite | enough
Has the government been tough enough on polluters?
The government has promised to get tough on crime.
You have to be tough with these young thugs.
be, feel, look, seem | become, get, grow | act, talk
(both informal) Then this guy started acting tough.
incredibly, really, remarkably, very | pretty, quite, reasonably | enough
Are you sure you're physically tough enough for this job?
| mentally, physically
Concise English dictionary
+someone who learned to fight in the streets rather than being formally trained in the sport of boxing
+an aggressive and violent young criminal
+a cruel and brutal fellow
+not given to gentleness or sentimentality
+very difficult; severely testing stamina or resolution
+substantially made or constructed
+violent and lawless
+feeling physical discomfort or pain (`tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad')
+resistant to cutting or chewing
+unfortunate or hard to bear
+making great mental demands; hard to comprehend or solve or believe