US: /ˈskeɪɫ/
UK: /skˈe‍ɪl/

English Vietnamese dictionary

scale /skeil/
  • danh từ
    • vảy (cá, rắn, cánh sâu bọ)
    • (thực vật học) vảy bắc
    • vảy, vật hình vảy
    • lớp gỉ (trên sắt)
    • cáu cặn; bựa (răng)
    • động từ
      • đánh vảy, lột vảy
      • cạo lớp gỉ
      • cạo cáu, cạo bựa
      • tróc vảy, sầy vảy
      • danh từ
        • cái đĩa cân
        • (số nhiều) cái cân ((cũng) a pair of scales)
          • to hold the scales even: cầm cân nảy mực
        • to throw sword into scale
          • lấy vũ khí làm áp lực
        • to turn the scale
          • (xem) turn
      • ngoại động từ
        • (từ hiếm,nghĩa hiếm) cân (vật gì), cân được, cân nặng
          • to scale ten kilograms: cân được 10 kilôgam
      • danh từ
        • sự chia độ; hệ thống có chia độ; sự sắp xếp theo trình độ
          • to be high in the scale of creation: có tính chất sáng tạo ở trình độ cao
          • at the top of the scale: ở trình độ cao nhất
          • at the bottom of the scale: ở trình độ thấp nhất
        • (âm nhạc) thang âm, gam
          • major scale: gam trưởng
          • minor scale: gam thứ
        • số tỷ lệ; thước tỷ lệ, tỷ lệ, quy mô, phạm vi
          • scale map: bản đồ có tỷ lệ lớn
          • the scale to be one to fifty thousand: tỷ lệ sẽ là 1 qoành 5 000
          • on a great scale: trên quy mô lớn
          • on a world scale: trên phạm vi toàn thế giới
      • động từ
        • leo, trèo (bằng thang)
        • vẽ (bản đồ) theo tỷ lệ
          • to scale up: vẽ to ra; tăng cường
          • to scale down: vẽ nhỏ đi; giảm xuống
        • có cùng tỷ lệ; có thể so được với nhau

      Advanced English dictionary

      noun, verb
      + noun
      1 [sing., U] ~ (of sth) the size or extent of sth, especially when compared with sth else: They entertain on a large scale (= they hold expensive parties with a lot of guests). + Here was corruption on a grand scale. + On a global scale, 77% of energy is created from fossil fuels. + to achieve economies of scale in production (= to produce many items so the cost of producing each one is reduced) + It was impossible to comprehend the full scale of the disaster. + It was not until morning that the sheer scale of the damage could be seen (= how great it was).
      range of levels
      2 [C] a range of levels or numbers used for measuring sth: a five-point pay scale + to evaluate performance on a scale from 1 to 10 + The salary scale goes from £12 000 to £20 000. + a scale of fees / charges
      3 [C, usually sing.] the set of all the different levels of sth, from the lowest to the highest: At the other end of the scale, life is a constant struggle to get enough to eat. + the social scale
      marks for measuring
      4 [C] a series of marks at regular intervals on an instrument that is used for measuring: How much does it read on the scale?
      weighing instrument
      5 (scales) [pl.] (AmE also scale) an instrument for weighing people or things: bathroom / kitchen / weighing scales + (figurative) the scales of justice (= represented as the two pans on a BALANCE (5))
      of map / diagram / model
      6 [C] the relation between the actual size of sth and its size on a map, diagram or model that represents it: a scale of 1:
      25 000 + a scale model / drawing + Both plans are drawn to the same scale. + Is this diagram to scale (= are all its parts the same size and shape in relation to each other as they are in the thing represented)?

      in music
      7 [C] a series of musical notes moving upwards or downwards, with fixed intervals between each note, especially a series of eight starting on a particular note: the scale of C major + to practise scales on the piano
      Compare: KEY n. (4), OCTAVE
      of fish / reptile
      8 [C] any of the thin plates of hard material that cover the skin of many fish and reptiles: The beast was a dragon, with great purple and green scales.
      in water pipes, etc.
      9 (BrE also fur) [U] a hard greyish-white substance that is sometimes left inside water pipes and containers for heating water
      See also - LIMESCALE
      on teeth
      10 [U] a hard substance that forms on teeth, especially when they are not cleaned regularly
      Compare: PLAQUE
      Idioms see TIP v.
      + verb [VN]
      1 (written) to climb to the top of sth very high and steep: the first woman to scale Mount Everest + (figurative) He has scaled the heights of his profession.
      2 to remove the small flat hard pieces of skin from a fish
      3 to remove TARTAR from the teeth by SCRAPING: The dentist scaled and polished my teeth.
      change size
      4 (technical) to change the size of sth: Text can be scaled from 4 points to 108 points without any loss of quality.
      Phrasal Verbs: scale sth<->down (AmE also scale sth<->back) to reduce the number, size or extent of sth: We are thinking of scaling down our training programmes next year. + The IMF has scaled back its growth forecasts for the next decade. + He was using scaled-down versions of his father's tools.
      scale sth<->up to increase the size or number of sth

      Thesaurus dictionary

      I n.
      Often, scales. balance:
      We need new bathroom scales: the old one gives too high a reading.
      II n.
      1 flake, imbrication; scurf, dandruff; Technical squama, plate, scute or scutum, lamina, lamella:
      Scrape the scales off the fish with a sharp knife before gutting it
      2 coating, encrustation or incrustation, crust, overlay, layer, cake, caking, tartar, plaque:
      The hardness of the water causes the scale inside the kettle.
      III n.
      1 range, compass, rank, ranking, gradation, graduation, register, spectrum, calibration, progression, hierarchy, scope, gamut:
      As we ascend in the scale of life we rise in the scale of longevity.
      2 proportion, ratio:
      The scale of these drawings is One Foot = One Centimetre.
      3 climb, ascend, mount, clamber up, surmount, go up, escalade:
      Using grappling hooks and ropes, we scaled the wall in minutes.
      4 regulate, adjust, proportion, Chiefly US and Canadian prorate:
      The size of the cable is scaled to the weight it must carry.
      5 scale up or down. increase, enlarge, raise; decrease, reduce, diminish, lower:
      Depending on the expanse of the façade, the windows ought to be scaled up or down accordingly.

      Collocation dictionary

      1 size/extent


      It was several days before the full scale of the accident became clear.
      | big, considerable, grand, greater, huge, large, massive, monumental, vast | modest, small | sheer
      It is difficult to comprehend the sheer scale of the suffering caused by the war.
      | unprecedented
      a misuse of presidential power on an unprecedented scale
      | ambitious, lavish
      Do they always entertain on such a lavish scale?
      | global, international, national, regional, world | commercial
      The dolls are now produced on a commercial scale.
      | human
      The city would operate on a more human scale if cars were banned from the centre.

      VERB + SCALE

      increase | reduce


      in ~
      The paintings are small in scale.
      | on a ~
      pollution on a massive scale


      an economy of scale
      Economies of scale enable the larger companies to lower their prices.
      | the scale of the problem

      2 range of values


      fixed | sliding
      Benefits are paid on a sliding scale according to family income.
      | rating | time
      Can you give me any sort of time scale for the completion of the building work?
      | evolutionary | social | pay, salary, wage
      The company has a five-point pay scale.
      | Beaufort, Richter
      The earthquake measured 6.4 on the Richter scale.

      VERB + SCALE

      go/move down/up, rise up
      He has risen up the social scale from rather humble beginnings.

      SCALE + VERB

      go/range from … to …
      a scale ranging from ‘utterly miserable’ to ‘deliriously happy’


      on a/the ~
      Where do birds come on the evolutionary scale?
      | ~ of … to …
      On a scale of 1 to 10, he scores 7.


      the bottom/end/top of the scale
      After 10 years, she had worked her way to the top of the pay scale.

      3 relation between actual size and size of a model, etc.

      VERB + SCALE

      draw sth to | have

      SCALE + NOUN

      drawing, model
      He's made a scale model of the Eiffel Tower.


      to ~
      The plan of the building is not drawn to scale.
      | ~ of … to …
      The map has a scale of one centimetre to the kilometre. a scale of 1: 25,000

      4 in music


      major, minor | chromatic, diatonic, diminished, pentatonic, whole-tone

      VERB + SCALE

      play, sing | practise
      We could hear her practising her scales.


      ~ of
      the scale of C major

      5 on a fish, etc.


      overlapping | fine, thin | armoured | fish

      VERB + SCALE

      be covered in/with

      Concise English dictionary

      +an ordered reference standard
      +relative magnitude
      +the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it
      +an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
      +a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin
      +a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
      +(music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)
      +a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass
      +a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)
      +a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals
      +measure by or as if by a scale
      +pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard
      +take by attacking with scaling ladders
      +reach the highest point of
      +climb up by means of a ladder
      +remove the scales from
      +measure with or as if with scales
      +size or measure according to a scale