US: /ˈpɹuf/
UK: /pɹˈuːf/

English Vietnamese dictionary

proof /proof/
  • danh từ
    • chứng, chứng cớ, bằng chứng
      • this requires no proof: việc này không cần phải có bằng chứng gì cả
      • a clear (striking) proof: chứng cớ rõ ràng
      • to give (show) proof of goodwill: chứng tỏ có thiện chí, biểu lộ, thiện chí
    • sự chứng minh
      • incapable of proof: không thể chứng minh được
      • experimental proof: sự chứng minh bằng thực nghiệm
    • sự thử, sự thử thách
      • to put something to the proof: đem thử cái gì
      • to put somebody to the proof: thử thách ai
      • to be brought to the proof: bị đem ra thử thách
    • sự thử súng, sự thử chất nổ; nơi thử súng, nơi thử chất nổ
    • ống thử
    • bản in thử
    • tiêu chuẩn, nồng độ của rượu cất
    • (Ê-cốt) (pháp lý) sự xét sử (của quan toà)
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) tính không xuyên qua được, tính chịu đựng
      • armour of proof: áo giáp đạn không xuyên qua được, áo giáp đâm không thủng
    • the prouf of the pudding is in the eating
      • (tục ngữ) có qua thử thách mới biết dở hay
  • tính từ
    • không xuyên qua, không ngấm; chịu đựng được, chống được, tránh được
      • against any kind of bullets: có thể chống lại được với bất cứ loại đạn gì, đạn gì bắn cũng không thủng
  • ngoại động từ
    • làm cho không xuyên qua được; làm cho (vải...) không thấm nước

Advanced English dictionary

noun, adjective, verb
+ noun
1 [U, C] ~ (of sth / that ...) information, documents, etc. that show that sth is true: positive / conclusive proof + Can you provide any proof of identity? + Keep the receipt as proof of purchase. + There is no proof that the knife belonged to her. + These results are a further proof of his outstanding ability.
2 [U] the process of testing whether sth is true or a fact: Is the claim capable of proof?
3 [C] (mathematics) a way of proving that a statement is true or that what you have calculated is correct
4 [C, usually pl.] a copy of printed material which is produced so that mistakes can be corrected: She was checking the proofs of her latest novel.
5 [U] a standard used to measure the strength of alcoholic drinks: What proof is this whisky? + (BrE) The purest whisky is 80% proof. + (AmE) It's 160 (= degrees) proof.
Idioms: the proof of the pudding (is in the eating) (saying) you can only judge if sth is good or bad when you have tried it
more at LIVING adj.
+ adjective
1 ~ against sth (formal) that can resist the damaging or harmful effects of sth: The sea wall was not proof against the strength of the waves.
2 (in compounds) that can resist or protect against the thing mentioned: rainproof / windproof clothing + The car has childproof locks on the rear doors. + an inflation-proof pension plan
+ verb [VN]
1 to put a special substance on sth, especially fabric, to protect it against water, fire, etc: proofed canvas
2 to produce a test copy of a piece of printed work so that mistakes can be corrected: colour proofing

Thesaurus dictionary

1 evidence, verification, corroboration, confirmation, validation, authentication, ratification, substantiation; documentation, document, facts, data, certification, testimony, Colloq ammunition:
Is there any proof that she was with you? The prosecution claims to have enough proof of his guilt to convict him of embezzlement
2 test, trial, measure, standard, touchstone, criterion:
Do you intend to put his loyalty to the proof? The proof of the pudding is in the eating.
3 impervious, impenetrable, able to withstand or resist, protective, strong, tough, impregnable, resistant, tempered:
They maintain that this armour is proof against a nine-inch shell.

Collocation dictionary


absolute, clear, conclusive, concrete, convincing, direct, good, incontrovertible, irrefutable, positive, real, tangible
Have you got any positive proof that she took the money? We have proof positive that he is in hiding. I have no real proof that he was at the flat.
| ample, sufficient | further | final, ultimate
The photo was final proof of her husband's infidelity.
| documentary, written | legal | scientific | living
The lungfish is living proof that fish could evolve to breathe on land.


have | give sb, offer (sb), produce, provide (sb with) | get, obtain | need, require


without ~
He is unlikely to make wild accusations without proof.
| ~ of
Her account gives us no concrete proof of his guilt.


the burden/onus of proof
The burden of proof lay on the plaintiff to prove negligence.
| a lack of proof
The men were acquitted for lack of proof.
| proof of identity, proof of purchase
Proof of purchase must be provided before a refund can be made.
| a standard of proof
Civil proceedings require a lower standard of proof than criminal cases.

Concise English dictionary

+any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something
+a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it
+a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume)
+(printing) an impression made to check for errors
+a trial photographic print from a negative
+the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something
+make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset
+knead to reach proper lightness
+read for errors
+activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
+make resistant (to harm)
+(used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand