US: /ˈfɝm/
UK: /fˈɜːm/

English Vietnamese dictionary

firm /'fə:m/
  • danh từ
    • hãng, công ty
    • tính từ
      • chắc, rắn chắc
        • firm muscles: bắp thịt rắn chắc
      • vững chắc; bền vững
        • a firm foundation: nền tảng vững chắc
      • nhất định không thay đổi
        • firm prices: giá nhất định
      • mạnh mẽ
        • a firm voice: giọng nói mạnh mẽ
      • kiên quyết, vững vàng, không chùn bước
        • to firm measure: biện pháp kiên quyết
        • a firm faith: lòng tin sắt đá
        • a firm position (stand): lập trường kiến định
      • trung thành, trung kiên
      • as firm as rock
        • vững như bàn thạch
      • to be on the firm ground
        • tin chắc
      • to take a firm hold of something
        • nắm chắc cái gì
    • phó từ
      • vững, vững vàng
        • to stand firm: đứng vững
      • to hold firm to one's beliefs
        • giữ vững niềm tin
    • ngoại động từ
      • làm cho vững vàng, làm cho chắc chắn
      • nền (đất)
      • cắm chặt (cây) xuống đất
      • nội động từ
        • trở nên vững chắc, trở nên rắn chắc

      Advanced English dictionary

      noun, adjective, adverb, verb
      + noun
      a business or company: an engineering firm + a firm of accountants
      + adjective (firmer, firmest)
      1 fairly hard; not easy to press into a different shape: a firm bed / mattress + These peaches are still firm. + It was good to feel the firm ground underfoot after hours of trudging through flooded fields. + Bake the cakes until they are firm to the touch.
      2 not likely to change: a firm believer in socialism + a firm agreement / date / decision / offer / promise + firm beliefs / conclusions / convictions / principles + She is a firm favourite with the children. + We have no firm evidence to support the case. + They remained firm friends.
      3 strongly fixed in place
      Synonym: SECURE
      Stand the fish tank on a firm base. + No building can stand without firm foundations, and neither can a marriage.
      4 (of sb's voice or hand movements) strong and steady: 'No,' she repeated, her voice firmer this time. + With a firm grip on my hand, he pulled me away. + She took a firm hold of my arm. + Her handshake was cool and firm.
      5 (of sb's behaviour, position or understanding of sth) strong and in control: to exercise firm control / discipline / leadership + Parents must be firm with their children. + The company now has a firm footing in the marketplace. + This book will give your students a firm grasp of English grammar. + We need to keep a firm grip on the situation.
      6 [usually before noun] ~ (against sth) (of a country's money, etc.) not lower than another: The pound remained firm against the dollar, but fell against the yen.
      See also - FIRMLY
      firmness noun [U]
      Idioms: be on firm ground to be in a strong position in an argument, etc. because you know the facts: Everyone agreed with me, so I knew I was on firm ground.
      a firm hand strong control or discipline: Those children need a firm hand to make them behave.
      take a firm line / stand (on / against sth) to make your beliefs known and to try to make others follow them: We need to take a firm line on tobacco advertising. + They took a firm stand against drugs in the school.
      Idioms: hold firm (to sth) (formal) to believe sth strongly and not change your mind: She held firm to her principles.
      stand fast / firm to refuse to move back; to refuse to change your opinions
      + verb
      1 [VN] to make sth become stronger or harder: Firm the soil around the plant. + This product claims to firm your body in six weeks.
      2 [V] ~ (to / at ...) (finance) (of shares, prices, etc.) to become steady or rise steadily: Rank's shares firmed 3p to 696p.
      Phrasal Verbs: firm up to become harder or more solid: Put the mixture somewhere cool to firm up.
      firm up sth
      1 to make arrangements more final and fixed: The company has not yet firmed up its plans for expansion. + The precise details still have to be firmed up.
      2 to make sth harder or more solid: A few weeks of aerobics will firm up that flabby stomach.

      Thesaurus dictionary

      1 compact, solid, dense, compressed, condensed, concentrated, rigid, stiff, hard, unyielding, inflexible, inelastic:
      I prefer a firm mattress.
      2 stable, fixed, fast, secure, steady, solid, stationary, anchored, moored, unmovable, immovable:
      This pole is firmer than that one.
      3 steady, strong, sturdy, tight, unwavering, unshakable or unshakeable, unswerving:
      What we need is a firm hand at the controls.
      4 resolute, determined, dogged, definite, resolved, positive, decisive, decided, set on or upon, steadfast, constant, unflinching, staunch, unshaken, unshakeable or unshakable, immovable, inflexible, rigid, unwavering, undeviating, unchanging, unchangeable, obstinate, obdurate, stubborn, strict, unyielding, unbending, unalterable:
      Father was firm about my not staying out past midnight.
      5 Often firm up. consolidate, establish, settle (down), solidify, resolve, determine, set up:
      We firmed up the terms of the contract. Sugar prices firmed today.
      6 company, organization, corporation, limited company, public limited company, plc, partnership, proprietorship, business, enterprise, concern, house, conglomerate, multinational (company), cartel, Colloq outfit; US jargon CIA, Central Intelligence Agency:
      He works for a firm in the City.

      Collocation dictionary

      1 solid/strong


      be, feel, look, seem | remain, stay
      Exercise is important if you want your muscles to stay firm.
      | make sth
      Use extra stuffing to make the cushions firmer.
      | keep sth
      exercises to keep your muscles firm


      very | fairly, quite, reasonably

      2 not likely to change


      be, sound | hold, remain, stand
      Jo held firm: nothing else would do. We stand firm on these principles.


      very | fairly, quite


      I have always been quite firm with my children.

      Concise English dictionary

      firms|firmed|firming|firmer|firmestfɜrm /fɜːm
      +the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments
      +become taut or tauter
      +make taut or tauter
      +marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
      +not soft or yielding to pressure
      +strong and sure
      +not subject to revision or change
      +(of especially a person's physical features) not shaking or trembling
      +not liable to fluctuate or especially to fall
      +securely established
      +possessing the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue
      +pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed
      +securely fixed in place
      +unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause
      +with resolute determination