US: /ˈfaɪɫ/

English Vietnamese dictionary

file /fail/
  • danh từ
    • cái giũa
    • (từ lóng) thằng cha láu cá, thằng cha quay quắt
      • a deep (an old) file: thằng cha quay quắt
    • to bite (gnaw) file
      • lấy thúng úp voi; lấy gậy chọc trời
  • ngoại động từ
    • giũa
      • to file one's finger nails: giũa móng tay
      • to file something: giũa nhãn vật gì
    • gọt giũa
      • to file a sentence: gọt giũa một câu văn
  • danh từ
    • ô đựng tài liêu, hồ sơ; dây thép móc hồ sơ
      • a bill file; a spike file: cái móc giấy
    • hồ sơ, tài liệu
    • tập báo (xếp theo thứ tự)
    • ngoại động từ
      • sắp xếp, sắp đặt (giấy má, thư từ...)
      • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) đệ trình đưa ra (một văn kiện...), đưa (đơn...)
      • danh từ
        • hàng, dãy (người, vật)
        • (quân sự) hàng quân
          • to march in file: đi hàng đôi
          • in single (Indian) file: thành hành một
        • connecting file
          • liên lạc viên
        • a file of men
          • (quân sự) nhóm công tác hai người
        • the rank and file
          • (xem) rank
      • ngoại động từ
        • cho đi thành hàng
        • nội động từ
          • đi thành hàng
          • to file away
            • (như) to file off
          • to file in
            • đi vào từng người một, đi vào thành hàng một, nối đuôi nhau đi vào
          • to file off
            • kéo đi thành hàng nối đuôi nhau
          • to file out
            • đi ra từng người một, đi ra thành hàng một, nối đuôi nhau đi ra

        Advanced English dictionary

        noun, verb
        + noun
        1 a box or folded piece of card, often with a wire or metal rod, for keeping loose papers together and in order: a box file + A stack of files awaited me on my desk.
        2 a collection of information stored together in a computer, under a particular name: to access / copy / create / delete / save a file + Every file on the same disk must have a different name.
        3 ~ (on sb) a file and the information it contains, for example about a particular person or subject: secret police files + to have / open / keep a confidential file on sb + Your application will be kept on file (= in a file, to be used later). + Police have reopened the file (= have started collecting information again) on the missing girl.
        4 a metal tool with a rough surface for cutting or shaping hard substances or for making them smooth
        See also - NAIL FILE
        5 a line of people or things, one behind the other: They set off in file behind the teacher.
        Idioms: (in) Indian / single file (in) one line, one behind the other: They made their way in single file along the cliff path.
        + verb
        1 [VN] ~ sth (away) to put and keep documents, etc. in a particular place and in a particular order so that you can find them easily; to put a document into a file: The forms should be filed alphabetically. + I filed the letters away in a drawer. + Please file it in my 'Research' file.
        2 ~ (for sth) (law) to present sth so that it can be officially recorded and dealt with: [V] to file for divorce / bankruptcy + [VN] to file a claim / a complaint / a petition / a lawsuit [also V to inf]
        3 [VN] (of a journalist) to send a report or a story to your employer
        4 [V +adv./prep.] to walk in a line of people, one after the other, in a particular direction: The doors of the museum opened and the visitors began to file in.
        5 [VN] ~ sth (away / down, etc.) to cut or shape sth or make sth smooth using a file: to file your nails

        Thesaurus dictionary

        1 document, documentation, dossier, case, data, folder, portfolio, information:
        Interpol has files on Cowdery's activities going back ten years.
        2 line, queue, column, row, rank:
        The file of armoured vehicles stretched for miles.
        3 classify, organize, systematize, categorize, alphabetize, chronologize, order, arrange, pigeon-hole, interfile, put or place in order, register, record, enter:
        Must all this correspondence be filed today?
        4 submit, send in, complete, fill in or US and Canadian also fill out, enter:
        I have already filed my application for a transfer.
        5 walk, march, troop, parade:
        Please file into the classroom and take your seats.

        Collocation dictionary

        1 put sth in a file


        carefully | alphabetically | away
        These notes should be carefully filed away for future reference.


        The card is filed alphabetically under the name of the editor.

        2 record sth officially


        He has now formally filed a complaint against the police.


        to file for bankruptcy/divorce
        | with
        A copy of the notice must be filed with the court.

        3 walk in line


        silently | out, past
        The long line of mourners filed silently past.


        in, into, out of, past, through

        Concise English dictionary

        +a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together
        +a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other
        +office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order
        +a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal
        +record in a public office or in a court of law
        +smooth with a file
        +proceed in line
        +file a formal charge against
        +place in a container for keeping records