US: /dɪˈmænd/
UK: /dɪmˈɑːnd/

English Vietnamese dictionary

  • yêu cầu, nhu cầu

Advanced English dictionary

noun, verb
+ noun
1 [C] ~ (for sth / that ...) a very firm request for sth; sth that sb needs: a demand for higher pay + demands that the law on gun ownership should be changed + firms attempting to meet / satisfy their customers' demands (= to give them what they are asking for)
2 (demands) [pl.] ~ (of sth)
~ (on sb) things that sb/sth makes you do, especially things that are difficult, make you tired, worried, etc: the demands of children / work + Flying makes enormous demands on pilots. + She shouldn't always give in to his demands.
3 [U, C] ~ (for sth/sb) the desire or need of customers for goods or services which they want to buy or use: to meet the demand for a product + There's an increased demand for organic produce these days. + Demand is exceeding supply.
Idioms: by popular demand because a lot of people have asked for sth: By popular demand, the play will run for another week.
in demand wanted by a lot of people: Good secretaries are always in demand
on demand done or happening whenever sb asks: Feed the baby on demand.
+ verb
1 to ask for sth very firmly: [VN] She demanded an immediate explanation. + [V that] The UN has demanded that all troops be withdrawn. + (BrE also) They are demanding that all troops should be withdrawn. + [V to inf] I demand to see the manager. + [V speech] 'Who the hell are you?' he demanded angrily.
2 [VN] to need sth in order to be done successfully: This sport demands both speed and strength.

Thesaurus dictionary

1 require, order, bid, call (for); insist, command:
I demand that you retract that remark! She demanded to know where he was going.
2 claim, ask (for), require, insist on; exact:
They had paid for tickets and demanded entrance.
3 require, call for, need, want, necessitate, cry out for:
This superb dish demands an excellent claret.
4 ask (for), inquire or enquire, request; requisition:
We demanded help from the police.
5 request, bid, behest, requisition, order, insistence; outcry:
Our demand for service went unheeded.
6 want, need, requirement, desire; market (demand), marketability; consumer or customer acceptance:
The demand for our products is low at the moment.
7 in demand. wanted, needed, requested, coveted, popular, sought after, desired, desirable, Brit in request, US on request:
Bright graduates are always in demand.
8 on demand. on call, on request, on presentation, when requested or required; at once, immediately, without delay:
These notes are payable on demand.

Collocation dictionary

1 firm request


legitimate, realistic, reasonable
I think your demand for higher wages is perfectly reasonable.
| unrealistic, unreasonable | radical | urgent | central, key, main, major | fresh, new, renewed
There have been renewed demands for the government to take action to reduce crime.
| growing, increasing | final
A final demand for payment had been issued.
| written | financial, political | government, opposition, popular, public, royal, union
The management had no intention of meeting union demands.
| pay, ransom, tax, wage
A ransom demand has been made for the kidnapped racehorse.


issue, make, present, press, put forward
Demands have been made for the immediate distribution of food to the refugees.
| renew, repeat, step up
Campaigners have stepped up their demands for immediate government action.
| face | respond to | agree to, give in to, meet, satisfy, yield to
My government cannot give in to the demands of an illegal organization.
| reject, resist


on ~
Campaigners insist that abortion should be available on demand.
| ~ for, ~ from
demands from the opposition for a recount of the votes

2 need/desire for goods/services


big, buoyant, considerable, enormous, great, heavy, high, huge, insatiable, peak, strong, unprecedented
Demand for the product is buoyant. There's always a great demand for our soups in winter.
| burgeoning, growing, increased/increasing, rising | excess, extra | constant, steady
She is in constant demand to make public appearances and give interviews.
| changing, fluctuating, seasonal | current, future | latent, likely, pent-up, potential, projected, prospective | overall, total
We can estimate that total market demand for electrical goods will rise by 8%.
| declining, falling, limited, low, reduced, sluggish | consumer, customer, market, popular, public
By popular demand, the play will run for another week.
| domestic, export, foreign, local, world, worldwide
The slowdown in domestic demand was offset by an increase in exports.
| electricity, energy, housing, labour, etc.


a high level of demand


cope with, meet, satisfy
The factories are staying open all weekend to try to meet the consumer demand for this product.
| create, generate
It is the job of the marketing manager to create demand for the new product.
| boost, increase, stimulate | reduce | exceed, outstrip
Supply normally exceeds demand for the bulk of consumer goods.
| forecast
It can be difficult to forecast demand in the construction industry.
| manage
policies aimed at managing demand


grow, increase, rise
Demand for personal computers has risen sharply.
| decline, fall, slow (down)
As demand slows, the need to export will return.


in ~
These old machines are still in demand.
| ~ among
the potential demand among children
| ~ for
increased demand for health products
| ~ from
the demand from consumers
| ~ on
This section of the population makes a high demand on health care resources.


supply and demand
the law of supply and demand > Special page at BUSINESS

3 demands: difficult/tiring things you have to do


considerable, enormous, excessive, extra, great, heavy, high, impossible
I think the demands of this job are excessive.
| exacting, pressing | growing, increasing | competing, conflicting, contradictory | day-to-day, everyday
the day-to-day demands of the job
| immediate
the need for scientific research freed from the immediate demands of industry
| external
The person who cannot say ‘no’ to others' requests is likely to be overwhelmed by external demands.
| economic, emotional, financial, physical, practical, sexual, social, technical
Life is hard for nurses on children's wards, where the emotional demands can be overwhelming.


impose, make, place
My elderly parents make a lot of demands on me.
| respond to | cope with
coping with the conflicting demands of work and family life


~ on/upon
My work seems to make more and more demands on my time.


aggressively, angrily, coldly, fiercely, furiously, harshly, indignantly, irritably, roughly, sharply
‘Where are the keys?’ she demanded angrily.


He had demanded money from her.
| of
They failed to provide the information demanded of them.

Concise English dictionary

+the ability and desire to purchase goods and services
+an urgent or peremptory request
+a condition requiring relief
+the act of demanding
+required activity
+request urgently and forcefully
+require as useful, just, or proper
+claim as due or just
+lay legal claim to
+summon to court
+ask to be informed of