Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
voluntary /'vɔləntəri/
  • tính từ
    • tự ý, tự nguyện, tự giác
      • a voluntary contribution: sự đóng góp tự nguyện
      • voluntary action: hành động tự giác
      • voluntary school: trường dân lập
    • tự ý chọn (đề tài)
    • (quân sự) tình nguyện
      • voluntary army: đội quân tình nguyện
    • (sinh vật học) tự ý, chủ động
      • voluntary contraction of a muscle: sự co cơ chủ động
    • (pháp lý) tự nguyện, vui lòng cho không; cố ý
      • voluntary conveyance: sự nhượng không
      • voluntary manslaughter: tội cố ý giết người
  • danh từ
    • đề tài tự ý chọn (trong kỳ thi)
    • (tôn giáo) người chủ trương dân lập (chủ trương nhà thờ và trường học phải độc lập đối với nhà nước và dựa vào sự đóng góp của dân)
    • (tôn giáo) khúc nhạc giải lao (những lúc ngừng hành lễ)
    • sự tuyển quân dựa trên cơ sở tình nguyện
Concise Dictionary
voluntaries'vɑləntərɪ /'vɒləntrɪ
+(military) a person who freely enlists for service
+composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious service or musical performance
+of your own free will or design; not forced or compelled
+controlled by individual volition

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 free, elective, willing, spontaneous, unsolicited, unbidden, unasked, gratuitous, contributed:
All work done on behalf of the cause is voluntary.
2 discretionary or discretional, unconstrained, intentional, wilful, deliberate, intended, premeditated, planned, volitional, optional:
His confession was entirely voluntary, and he was not coerced in any way.
Advanced English Dictionary
adjective, noun
+ adjective
1 done willingly, not because you are forced: a voluntary agreement / arrangement + Attendance on the course is purely voluntary. + to pay voluntary contributions into a pension fund + (BrE) He took voluntary redundancy.
2 [usually before noun] (of work) done by people who choose to do it without being paid: I do some voluntary work at the local hospital. + She works there on a voluntary basis. + voluntary services / bodies / agencies / organizations (= organized, controlled or supported by people who choose to do this and are usually not paid) + the voluntary sector (= organizations which are set up to help people and which do not make a profit, for example charities)
3 [only before noun] (of a person) doing a job without wanting to be paid for it: a voluntary worker
4 (technical) (of movements of the body) that you can control
+ noun (plural voluntaries) a piece of music played before, during or after a church service, usually on an ORGAN
Collocation Dictionary


be | remain


completely, entirely, purely
The organization is run on a purely voluntary basis.
| largely

Random quote: Better to have loved and lost, than to have never loved at all.: St. Augustine

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Updated: 05/06/2018: List of Academic Words