Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
sustain /səs'tein/
  • ngoại động từ
    • chống đỡ
    • giữ vững được
      • enough to sustain life: đủ sống
      • sustaining food: thức ăn trợ sức
    • chống cự, chịu đựng
      • to sustain the shock of the enemy's tanks: chịu đựng sức tấn công của xe tăng địch
      • will not sustain comparison with: không thể so sánh với
    • nhận, chấp nhận
    • xác nhận, chứng minh (một lời tuyên bố, một lý thuyết...)
    • (thể dục,thể thao) hiện (vai kịch...)
    • kéo dài
      • sustained effort: sự cố gắng kéo dài, sự cố gắng bền bỉ
    • chịu
      • to sustain a defeat: chịu thua
      • to sustain a loss: chịu mất, chịu thất thiệt
Concise Dictionary
+lengthen or extend in duration or space
+undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)
+provide with nourishment
+supply with necessities and support
+be the physical support of; carry the weight of
+admit as valid
+establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 uphold, support, keep up, maintain, continue, keep (someone or something) going, keep alive, preserve; prolong, persist in:
He has been sustained on a life-support system for weeks. If Georgette can sustain the pretence of loving him, he won't change his will.
2 support, carry, bear, bolster, buoy (up), reinforce, keep (someone) going, strengthen, shore up, underpin, prop up, buttress:
During those long months as a hostage, only prayer sustained him.
3 endure, stand, withstand, bear up under, put up with, suffer, undergo, experience, tolerate, weather, brave:
It is amazing how much punishment the human body can sustain.
4 bear, carry, support:
This column is supposed to sustain the weight of half the building.
5 uphold, recognize, allow, admit, approve, ratify, sanction, authorize, endorse, validate:
The judge sustained the objection by the defence.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ verb [VN]
1 to provide enough of what sb/sth needs in order to live or exist: Few planets can sustain life. + I only had a little chocolate to sustain me on my walk. + The love and support of his family sustained him during his time in prison. + When she lost her job they could no longer sustain their expensive lifestyle.
2 to make sth continue for some time without becoming less
a period of sustained economic growth + a sustained attack / effort + She managed to sustain everyone's interest until the end of her speech. + Kangaroos can sustain high speeds over long distances. + the sustaining pedal of a piano (= that allows a note to continue sounding for a long time)
3 (formal) to experience sth bad
Synonym: SUFFER
to sustain damage / an injury / a defeat + The company sustained losses of millions of dollars.
4 to provide evidence to support an opinion, a theory, etc: The evidence is not detailed enough to sustain his argument.
5 (formal) to support a weight without breaking or falling: The ice will not sustain your weight.
6 (law) to decide that a claim, etc. is valid: The court sustained his claim that the contract was illegal. + Objection sustained! (= said by a judge when a lawyer makes an objection in court)
Collocation Dictionary


The soil was so badly eroded it could no longer sustain crop production.
| indefinitely | still


be able/unable to, can/could | help (to) | be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to
This relationship would be very difficult to sustain.

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