Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
sum /sʌm/
  • danh từ
    • tổng số; (toán) tổng
      • the sum of two and three is five: tổng của hai và ba là năm
    • số tiền
      • a round sum: một số tiền đáng kể
    • nội dung tổng quát
      • the sum and substance of his objections is this: nội dung tổng quát và thực chất những lời phản đối của anh ta là điều này
    • bài toán số học
      • to be good at sums: giỏi toán
    • in sum
      • nói tóm lại
  • ngoại động từ
    • cộng
    • phát biểu ý kiến về tính nết (của ai)
    • nội động từ
      • cộng lại
      • to sum up
        • tóm tắt, tổng kết (ý kiến...)
      • kết luận (một vụ kiện)
    Concise Dictionary
    +a quantity of money
    +a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
    +the final aggregate
    +the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
    +the whole amount
    +the basic unit of money in Uzbekistan
    +a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets
    +be a summary of
    +determine the sum of

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 total, aggregate, grand total, sum total, whole, totality; amount, quantity:
    The sum of money found in the satchel was not revealed by the police. He would give the neighbourhood children small sums to spend on sweets.
    2 sum up.
    (a) recapitulate, summarize, encapsulate, synopsize, digest, abridge, condense, consolidate, epitomize, review:
    He summed up by reminding the children not to accept gifts from strangers.
    (b) reckon, add up, calculate, total, tot up, measure (up), take the measure of:
    They summed up their chances of escaping.
    (c) estimate, evaluate, size up, assess:
    She had summed him up the minute she saw him.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    1 [C] ~ (of sth) an amount of money: You will be fined the sum of £200. + a large sum of money + a six-figure sum + Huge sums have been invested in this project.
    See also - LUMP SUM
    2 [C, usually sing.] ~ (of sth) the number you get when you add two or more numbers together: The sum of 7 and 12 is 19.
    3 (also sum total) [sing.] the ~ of sth all of sth, especially when you think that it is not very much: This is the sum of my achievements so far.
    4 [C] a simple problem that involves calculating numbers: to do a sum in your head + I was good at sums at school. + If I've got my sums right, I should be able to afford the rent.
    Idioms: be greater / more than the sum of its parts to be better or more effective as a group than you would think just by looking at the individual members of the group
    in sum (formal) used to introduce a short statement of the main points of a discussion, speech, etc: In sum, we have no chance of winning the case.
    + verb (-mm-)
    Phrasal Verbs: sum up
    sum sth<->up
    1 to state the main points of sth in a short and clear form
    Synonym: SUMMARIZE
    To sum up, there are three main ways of tackling the problem ... + [+ wh-] Can I just sum up what we've agreed so far?
    2 (of a judge) to give a summary of the main facts and arguments in a legal case, near the end of a trial
    related noun SUMMING-UP
    sum sb/sth<->up
    1 to describe or show the most typical characteristics of sb/sth, especially in a few words: Totally lazy-that just about sums him up. + For me, the novel summed up the major problems of human existence.
    2 to form or express an opinion of sb/sth
    Synonym: SIZE UP
    She quickly summed up the situation and took control.
    related noun SUMMING-UP
    Collocation Dictionary

    1 amount of money


    considerable, generous, good, handsome, hefty, high, large, not inconsiderable, princely
    significant, substantial, tidy
    (informal) It seemed an absurdly high sum to pay for a coat. For his first book he received the princely sum of $400. The team has raised substantial sums for local charities.
    | astronomical, colossal, enormous, exorbitant, huge, magnificent, massive, record, staggering, vast
    £200 was an astronomical sum of money in 1547. He joined the club two years ago for a record sum.
    | five-figure, six-figure, etc. | small, modest, nominal, reasonable, token, trifling
    The charity pays a nominal sum to lease the premises.
    | derisory, paltry | average | net | round
    $10,000 is a good round sum.
    | full, overall, total | agreed, fixed | undisclosed, unspecified | annual, monthly, etc. | regular | guaranteed | capital, cash, lump
    My wife would receive a guaranteed lump sum in the event of my death.
    | tax-free

    VERB + SUM

    borrow, earn, fetch, raise, recover
    Some of the paintings should fetch a tidy sum at today's auction. You will have to go to court to recover these sums.
    | get, receive | award sb, contribute, give sb, grant sb, lend sb, offer sb, pay (sb), repay
    The judge awarded them an undisclosed six-figure sum in damages.
    | invest, spend | cost
    a project that cost vast sums of public money
    | charge (sb), fine sb | agree (on)
    We eventually agreed a sum and I gave him a cheque.

    SUM + VERB

    be due, be payable
    The landlord has the right to recover any sums payable under this lease
    | be equal/equivalent to sth
    The gangsters offered him a sum equivalent to a whole year's earnings.
    | exceed sth


    a sum of money

    2 calculation


    difficult, easy

    VERB + SUM

    do, find the answer to
    I did a quick sum to work out how much it would cost.


    get your sums right/wrong
    The company got its sums wrong when estimating how many customers it would attract.

    3 amount got by adding numbers

    VERB + SUM

    calculate, find, work out
    Calculate the sum of the following figures.


    ~ of
    The sum of two and five is seven.

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    Updated: 05/06/2018: List of Academic Words