1 total, aggregate, grand total, sum total, whole, totality; amount, quantity:
The sum of money found in the satchel was not revealed by the police. He would give the neighbourhood children small sums to spend on sweets.
2 sum up.
(a) recapitulate, summarize, encapsulate, synopsize, digest, abridge, condense, consolidate, epitomize, review:
He summed up by reminding the children not to accept gifts from strangers.
(b) reckon, add up, calculate, total, tot up, measure (up), take the measure of:
They summed up their chances of escaping.
(c) estimate, evaluate, size up, assess:
She had summed him up the minute she saw him.
1 amount of money
considerable, generous, good, handsome, hefty, high, large, not inconsiderable, princely
significant, substantial, tidy
(informal) It seemed an absurdly high sum to pay for a coat. For his first book he received the princely sum of $400. The team has raised substantial sums for local charities.
| astronomical, colossal, enormous, exorbitant, huge, magnificent, massive, record, staggering, vast
£200 was an astronomical sum of money in 1547. He joined the club two years ago for a record sum.
| five-figure, six-figure, etc. | small, modest, nominal, reasonable, token, trifling
The charity pays a nominal sum to lease the premises.
| derisory, paltry | average | net | round
$10,000 is a good round sum.
| full, overall, total | agreed, fixed | undisclosed, unspecified | annual, monthly, etc. | regular | guaranteed | capital, cash, lump
My wife would receive a guaranteed lump sum in the event of my death.
VERB + SUM
borrow, earn, fetch, raise, recover
Some of the paintings should fetch a tidy sum at today's auction. You will have to go to court to recover these sums.
| get, receive | award sb, contribute, give sb, grant sb, lend sb, offer sb, pay (sb), repay
The judge awarded them an undisclosed six-figure sum in damages.
| invest, spend | cost
a project that cost vast sums of public money
| charge (sb), fine sb | agree (on)
We eventually agreed a sum and I gave him a cheque.
SUM + VERB
be due, be payable
The landlord has the right to recover any sums payable under this lease
| be equal/equivalent to sth
The gangsters offered him a sum equivalent to a whole year's earnings.
| exceed sth
a sum of money
VERB + SUM
do, find the answer to
I did a quick sum to work out how much it would cost.
get your sums right/wrong
The company got its sums wrong when estimating how many customers it would attract.
3 amount got by adding numbers
VERB + SUM
calculate, find, work out
Calculate the sum of the following figures.
The sum of two and five is seven.
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