English - Vietnamese Dictionary
substitutes|substituted|substituting'sʌbstɪtuːt /-tjuːtThesaurus Dictionary
+a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
+an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
+someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)
+put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items
+be a substitute
+act as a substitute
+being a replacement or substitute for a regular member of a team
+capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team
+artificial and inferior
Advanced English Dictionary
1 Sometimes, substitute for. replace, exchange, displace, relieve, supplant; switch; take the place of, stand in for, double for, Colloq sub for, cover for, swap or swop, US and Canadian pinch-hit for:
She substituted the real diamond with a paste replica. I will substitute for you while you are away.
2 substitution, replacement, alternative, relief, representative, deputy, delegate, stand-in, stand-by, understudy, surrogate, succedaneum, Brit locum (tenens), US and Canadian alternate:
In those days a man could hire a substitute to serve in his place in the militia.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 ~ (for sb/sth) a person or thing that you use or have instead of the one you normally use or have: a meat / milk substitute + Paul's father only saw him as a substitute for his dead brother. + a substitute family + The course teaches you the theory but there's no substitute for practical experience. + The local bus service was a poor substitute for their car.
2 (also informal sub) a player who replaces another player in a sports game: He was brought on as (a) substitute after half-time.
~ A (for B)
~ B (with / by A)
~ for sb/sth to take the place of sb/sth else; to use sb/sth instead of sb/sth else: [V] Nothing can substitute for the advice your doctor is able to give you. + [VN] Margarine can be substituted for butter in this recipe. + Butter can be substituted with margarine in this recipe. + Beckham was substituted in the second half after a knee injury (= somebody else played instead of Beckham in the second half).
Help Note: When for, with or by are not used, as in the last example, it can be difficult to tell whether the person or thing mentioned is being used, or has been replaced by somebody or something else. The context will usually make this clear.Can you find someone to substitute for you at the meeting?
substitution noun [U, C]: the substitution of low-fat spreads for butter + Two substitutions were made during the game.
good | acceptable, adequate, satisfactory | close | poor
The television is a poor substitute for human companionship.
VERB + SUBSTITUTE
act as, serve as
His teacher acted as a father substitute.
| use sth as | produce, provide
The company produces substitutes for lead in petrol.
There's no substitute for hard work.
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