English - Vietnamese Dictionary
subject /'sʌbdʤikt/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- chủ đề; vấn đề
- to propose a subject for the debate: đề nghị chủ đề một cuộc thảo luận
- historical subject: chủ đề lịch sử
- on the subject of: về, về vấn đề, liên quan đến
- to change the subject: lãng sang chuyện (vấn đề) khác
- dân, thần dân
- the liberty of the subject: quyền tự do của người dân
- (triết học) chủ thể
- subject and object: chủ thể và khách thể
- đối tượng (thí nghiệm, nghiên cứu)
- môn học
- mathematics is my favorite subject: toán là môn học tôi thích nhất
- người (có vấn đề, ốm yếu...)
- bilious subject: người hay cáu
- a subject for congratulation: một dịp để chúc mừng
- a subject for ridicule: một dịp để nhạo báng
- (y học) xác (dùng) để mổ xẻ ((cũng) subject for dissection)
- tính từ
- lệ thuộc, không độc lập, ở dưới quyền, bị chinh phục
- the subject nations: những nước lệ thuộc
- phải chịu, khó tránh khỏi, dễ bị
- to be subject to danage: dễ bị hư hại
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ), (thơ ca) ở dưới
- the subject plains: những cánh đồng ở dưới
- subject to (dùng như phó từ) lệ thuộc vào, tuỳ theo
- subject to your consent: tuỳ theo anh có đồng ý hay không
- ngoại động từ
- chinh phục, khuất phục (một dân tộc...)
- bắt phải chịu, đưa ra (để góp ý...)
- must be subjected to great heat: phải chịu một độ nhiệt cao
- I shall subject it to criticism: tôi sẽ đưa vấn đề đó ra để (các bạn) góp ý
- to subject someone to an operation: đưa ai lên bàn mổ
+the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
+some situation or event that is thought about
+a branch of knowledge
+something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation
+a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation
+a person who owes allegiance to that nation
+(grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
+(logic) the first term of a proposition
+cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
+make accountable for
+make subservient; force to submit or subdue
+refer for judgment or consideration
+not exempt from tax
+possibly accepting or permitting
+being under the power or sovereignty of another or others
+likely to be affected by something (especially something unpleasant)
Advanced English Dictionary
1 (subject-)matter, topic; issue, theme, angle, thesis, gist, substance, business, affair, point:
What is the subject of conversation today? The subject under discussion was of crucial importance.
2 course (of study), field, area, discipline, branch of knowledge:
In which subject did Frank take his doctorate?
3 cause, ground(s), motive, reason, basis, source, rationale; excuse:
Increased taxes are always a subject of complaint.
4 participant, case, guinea-pig, testee:
The subjects of the experiment were all in their thirties.
5 citizen, national; taxpayer, voter; liegeman, vassal:
She became a British subject after her marriage to Frank.
6 Usually, subject to. exposed (to), open (to), vulnerable (to), susceptible (to), prone (to), disposed (to), at the mercy (of), liable (to suffer or undergo):
She is subject to asthma attacks. This kind of wood is subject to worm infestation.
7 discussed, under discussion, referred to, above:
The subject book was not returned before the due date.
8 subject to.
(a) answerable to, responsible for, bound by, obedient to, subservient to, submissive to, controlled by, under the control of:
You are subject to the same laws as everyone else.
(b) dependent on, conditional on, contingent on:
All leave is subject to the approval of the departmental head.
9 subject to. expose, lay open, submit, put through, impose on, cause to undergo:
How could anyone subject another human being to such cruelty?
10 conquer, subjugate, dominate, subdue, enslave, enthral, crush, humble:
The peoples subjected by the Romans sometimes fared better than when independent.
noun, adjective, verbCollocation Dictionary
of conversation / book
1 [C] a thing or person that is being discussed, described or dealt with: an unpleasant subject of conversation + books on many different subjects + a magazine article on the subject of space travel + I have nothing more to say on the subject. + I wish you'd change the subject (= talk about sth else). + How did we get onto the subject of marriage? + We seem to have got off the subject we're meant to be discussing. + Nelson Mandela is the subject of a new biography. + Climate change is still very much a subject for debate.
at school / college
2 [C] an area of knowledge studied in a school, college, etc: Biology and English are my favourite subjects.
of picture / photograph
3 a person or thing that is the main feature of a picture or photograph, or that a work of art is based on: Focus the camera on the subject. + Classical landscapes were a popular subject with many 18th-century painters.
4 [C] a person or thing being used to study sth, especially in an experiment: We need male subjects between the ages of 18 and 25 for the experiment.
5 [C] a noun, noun phrase or pronoun representing the person or thing that performs the action of the verb (I in I sat down.), about which sth is stated (the house in The house is very old.) or, in a PASSIVE sentence, that is affected by the action of the verb (the tree in The tree was blown down in the storm.)
Compare: OBJECT n. (4), PREDICATE
6 a person who has the right to belong to a particular country, especially one with a king or queen: a British / French subject - CITIZEN
1 ~ to sth likely to be affected by sth, especially sth bad: Flights are subject to delay because of the fog. + Smokers are more subject to heart attacks than non-smokers.
2 ~ to sth depending on sth in order to be completed or agreed: The article is ready to publish, subject to your approval. + All the holidays on offer are subject to availability.
3 ~ to sth/sb under the authority of sth/sb: All nuclear installations are subject to international safeguards. + As a diplomat, he is not subject to local laws.
4 [only before noun] (formal) controlled by the government of another country: subject peoples
+ verb [VN] ~ sth (to sth) (formal) to bring a country or group of people under your control, especially by using force: The Roman Empire subjected most of Europe to its rule.
subjection noun [U]
Phrasal Verbs: subject sb/sth to sth [often passive] (written) to make sb/sth experience, suffer or be affected by sth, usually sth unpleasant: to be subjected to abuse / ridicule / harassment / criticism + The city was subjected to heavy bombing. + The defence lawyers claimed that the prisoners had been subjected to cruel and degrading treatment.
1 topic or person under consideration
big, complex, vast | simple | excellent, fascinating, good, interesting | cheerful
Can we talk about a more cheerful subject?
| gloomy, unpleasant | delicate, difficult, embarrassing | taboo
Work is a taboo subject when we go out for dinner.
I don't wish to discuss it any further?the subject is closed.
Each candidate has to speak for three minutes on their chosen subject.
Once he gets onto his pet subject there's no stopping him.
VERB + SUBJECT
cover, debate, discuss, talk about, touch on
We touched briefly on the subject.
| deal with
I wasn't quite sure how to deal with the delicate subject of money.
| examine, have a (fresh) look at, investigate, look into
We want to have a fresh look at the difficult subject of social security benefits.
| bring up, broach, get onto, raise | drop
Let's drop the subject since we don't seem to be able to agree.
| stick to
I wish he'd stick to the subject rather than telling us his boring stories.
| get off, wander off
She was supposed to be speaking about sales figures, but she kept wandering off the subject.
| get back to, return to
Getting back to the subject of heating, has anyone got any suggestions for improvements?
| avoid | change
Don't change the subject.
SUBJECT + VERB
arise, come up
The subject of gambling has come up several times recently.
SUBJECT + NOUN
I like the way she writes, although I'm not interested in her subject matter.
on a/the ~
While we're on the subject of the theatre, has anyone been to see the new show?
a range of subjects
We discussed a wide range of subjects.
2 area of study
difficult, easy | compulsory, core, main | additional, optional, special, subsidiary | specialist | arts, science | academic
VERB + SUBJECT
What subjects are you taking at A level?
The department offers seven different subjects in all.
| fail (in), pass
She was disappointed to fail in two of her four subjects.
SUBJECT + NOUN
The syllabus is divided into five subject areas.
in a/the ~
He did well in every subject.
a choice of subject/subjects
His unusual choice of subjects made it harder to find a job.
| a range of subjects adj
1 likely to be affected by sth
be, seem | become | leave sb/sth, make sb/sth
His illness left him subject to asthmatic attacks.
very | increasingly | rather | still
At this stage these are proposals and are still subject to change.
2 under the authority of sb/sth
Everyone was entirely subject to the whim of the Sultan.
| become | remain | make sb/sth
All the priories were made directly subject to the abbot of Cluny.
entirely | directly | expressly
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