Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
stress
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
stress /stres/
  • danh từ
    • sự nhấn mạnh
      • to lay stress on something: nhấn mạnh một điều gì
    • (ngôn ngữ học) trọng âm; âm nhấn
    • sự cố gắng, sự đòi hỏi bỏ nhiều sức lự
      • subjected to great stress: phải cố gắng nhiều
    • sự bắt buộc
      • under stress of weather: vì thời tiết bắt buộc
    • (kỹ thuật) ứng suất
    • times of slackness and times of stress
      • những lúc dềnh dang và những lúc khẩn trương
  • ngoại động từ
    • nhấn mạnh (một âm, một điểm...)
    • (kỹ thuật) cho tác dụng ứng suất
Concise Dictionary
stresses|stressed|stressingstres
noun
+the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
+(psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense
+(physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
+special emphasis attached to something
+difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
verb
+to stress, single out as important
+put stress on; utter with an accent
+test the limits of

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 emphasis, force, pressure, forcefulness, accent, accentuation, prominence, Technical ictus:
Many people place the stress on the first syllable of 'controversy'.
2 emphasis, significance, importance, weight, force, insistence, urgency:
She lays too much stress on looks.
3 (stress and) strain, burden, anxiety, worry, distress, pain, grief, suffering, anguish, pressure, tenseness, tension:
She has four elderly people to care for, and the stress is beginning to show.
v.
4 emphasize, accent, accentuate, lay stress or emphasis on, underscore, underline, mark, note, make a point of, bring home, focus on, bring into prominence, spotlight, feature, highlight:
The conference succeeded in stressing the importance of a good home life.
5 strain, put under strain or stress, upset, disturb, burden, worry, distress, Brit pressurize or US pressure:
Duncan was terribly stressed after a few months in the new job.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
mental pressure
1 [U, C] pressure or worry caused by the problems in sb's life: Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress. + to suffer from stress + coping with stress + She failed to withstand the stresses and strains of public life. + stress-related illnesses + emotional / mental stress + Stress is often a factor in the development of long-term sickness. + stress management (= dealing with stress)
physical pressure
2 [U, C] ~ (on sth) pressure put on sth that can damage it or make it lose its shape: When you have an injury you start putting stress on other parts of your body. + a stress fracture of the foot (= one caused by such pressure)
emphasis
3 [U] ~ (on sth) special importance given to sth: She lays great stress on punctuality. + I think the company places too much stress on cost and not enough on quality.
on word / syllable
4 [U, C] (phonetics) an extra force used when pronouncing a particular word or syllable: We worked on pronunciation, stress and intonation. + primary / secondary stress + In 'strategic' the stress falls on the second syllable
Compare: INTONATION
in music
5 [U, C] extra force used when making a particular sound in music
illness
6 [U] illness caused by difficult physical conditions: Those most vulnerable to heat stress are the elderly.
+ verb
emphasize
1 to emphasize a fact, an idea, etc: [VN] He stressed the importance of a good education. + [V that] I must stress that everything I've told you is strictly confidential. + [V speech] 'There is,' Johnson stressed, 'no real alternative.' + [VN that] It must be stressed that this disease is very rare. [also V wh-]
word / syllable
2 [VN] to give extra force to a word or syllable when saying it: You stress the first syllable in 'happiness'.
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 state of tension

ADJ.

acute, considerable, extreme, great, high, severe
Separation is a time of high emotional stress.
| excessive | greater, increased | low | daily
the daily stress of teaching
| emotional, mental, psychological, social | economic, financial
The high mortgage payments put them under severe financial stress.

QUANT.

level
Many workers experience a high level of stress in their daily life.

VERB + STRESS

cause, create
A divorce causes children great emotional stress.
| avoid, remove | add to, increase | reduce, relieve | be under, experience, have, suffer (from)
He's been under a lot of stress lately.
| cope with, handle, manage, stand, take
He's had to give up his job as leader of the project?he just couldn't take the stress.

STRESS + VERB

bring sth about/on
an illness brought on by stress

STRESS + NOUN

level
high stress levels
| control, management
Staff are encouraged to go on stress management courses.

PREP.

under ~
He broke under stress and had to leave.

PHRASES

a source of stress
An overcrowded workplace can be a major source of stress.
| a symptom of stress
Tiredness is one of the most common symptoms of stress.

2 emphasis that shows importance

ADJ.

enormous, great | particular, special | equal | undue

VERB + STRESS

lay, place, put
I must lay great stress on the need for secrecy.

PREP.

with the ~ on
a study of child development, with the stress on acquisition of social skills
| ~ on
There's been a lot of stress on getting drug sellers off the streets.

3 emphasis on a word, syllable, etc.

ADJ.

main, major, primary, strong | secondary, weak | sentence, word

VERB + STRESS

carry, have, take
Italian words usually have the main stress on the penultimate syllable in the word. The first syllable takes the stress.
| place, put | mark
Mark the primary stress in each word.

STRESS + VERB

fall, go
Where does the stress fall in ‘psychological’?

STRESS + NOUN

mark | pattern

PREP.

~ on
There's a stress on the second syllable.

4 physical force

ADJ.

enormous, high | low | constant | equal
There is equal stress on all parts of the structure.

VERB + STRESS

exert, set up
The tower exerts an enormous stress on the walls. The movements set up stresses in the earth's crust.
| apply, put, subject sth to
Stress is applied to the wood to make it bend. Standing all day puts stress on your feet. The buttresses are subjected to constant stress.
| bear, take, withstand | increase, reduce | transfer, transmit | calculate
Engineers calculated the stresses borne by each of the bridge supports.

PREP.

under ~
Some woods warp under stress.

verb

ADV.

heavily, strongly
He stressed the point very strongly that all these services cost money.
| constantly, continually, repeatedly
She has constantly stressed the government's poor record in this area.
| rightly
Doctors have rightly stressed the importance of exercise.

VERB + STRESS

can only, must
I must stress that we still know very little about this disease.
| tend to
Private schools tend to stress the more academic subjects.
| be anxious to, be at pains to, be careful to, be keen to
She is at pains to stress the cultural differences between the two countries.
| be important to

PHRASES

be worth stressing sth
It is worth stressing that this was only a relatively small survey.


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Optional: 01/2018:Picture Dictionary

Updated: 05/06/2018:List of Academic Words

By Vuong Nguyen