English - Vietnamese Dictionary
state /steit/Concise Dictionary
- đại từ
- trạng thái, tình trạng
- a precarious state of health: tình trạng sức khoẻ mong manh
- in a bad state of repair: ở một tình trạng xấu
- (thông tục) sự lo lắng
- he was in quite a state about it: anh ta rất lo ngại về vấn đề đó
- quốc gia, bang
- Southern States: những bang ở miền nước Mỹ
- sự phô trương sang trọng, sự trang trọng, sự trọng thể, sự huy hoàng
- to be welcomed in great state: được đón tiếp rất trọng thể
- in state: với tất cả nghi tiết trọng thể
- tập (trong sách chuyên đề)
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) ngai, bệ
- tính từ
- (thuộc) nhà nước
- state documents: những văn kiện của nhà nước
- state leaders: những vị lãnh đạo nhà nước
- (thuộc) chính trị
- state prisoner: tù chính trị
- state trial: sự kết án của nhà nước đối với hững tội chính trị
- dành riêng cho nghi lễ; chính thức
- state carriage: xe ngựa chỉ dùng trong các nghi lễ cổ truyền của Anh
- state call: (thông tục) cuộc đi thăm chính thức
- ngoại động từ
- phát biểu, nói rõ, tuyên bố
- to state one's opinion: phát biểu ý kiến của mình
- (toán học) biểu diễn bằng ký hiệu (một phương trình...)
+the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state
+the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
+a politically organized body of people under a single government
+the way something is with respect to its main attributes
+the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies
+the territory occupied by a nation
+a state of depression or agitation
+(chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container)
+express in words
+indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.
Advanced English Dictionary
1 condition(s), circumstance(s), situation, state of affairs, status, shape, position:
He was concerned about the state of the company's finances.
2 structure, form, constitution, shape, phase, stage:
One does not see iodine in its gaseous state outside the laboratory.
3 grandeur, pomp, style, splendour, magnificence, glory, brilliance:
The prince was met at the airport and escorted in state to the palace.
4 nation, country, land, body politic:
No longer a colony, it became an independent state in 1952.
5 governmental, government, national, federal:
The State schools in the town had a good reputation.
6 ceremonial, formal, dignified, stately, solemn, official; royal, regal, imperial, majestic:
We attended a state dinner at the White House. The Queen travelled in the state coach from Buckingham Palace to Westminster.
7 aver, assert, asseverate, declare, affirm, express, report, articulate, voice, specify, delineate, claim, maintain, allege, submit, confirm; say, testify, hold, have:
He has often stated his firm belief in democracy. He stated firmly that he was not in the house on the night of the murder.
noun, adjective, verbCollocation Dictionary
condition of sb / sth
1 [C] the mental, emotional or physical condition that a person or thing is in: a confused state of mind + He was in a state of permanent depression. + A report condemned the state of prisoners' cells. + anxieties about the state of the country's economy + The building is in a bad state of repair (= needs to be repaired). + She was in a state of shock. + (BrE, informal) Look at the state of you! You can't go out looking like that. + You're not in a fit state to drive. - CONDITION
2 (also State) [C] a country considered as an organized political community controlled by one government: the Baltic States + the State of Israel + European Union member states
See also - CITY STATE, NATION STATE, POLICE STATE, WELFARE STATE
part of country
3 (also State) [C] (abbreviation St.) an organized political community forming part of a country: the states of Victoria and Western Australia + the southern States of the US
4 (also the State) [U, sing.] the government of a country: matters / affairs of state + people who are financially dependent on the state + a state-owned company + They wish to limit the power of the State.
5 [U] the formal ceremonies connected with high levels of government or with kings and queens: The president was driven in state through the streets.
6 (the States) [pl.] (informal) the United States of America: I've never been to the States.
Idioms: be in / get into a state (informal, especially BrE)
1 to be/become excited or anxious: She was in a real state about her exams. + He made a mistake and got into a terrible state about it.
2 to be dirty or untidy: What a state this place is in!
in a state of grace (in the Roman Catholic Church) having been forgiven by God for the wrong or evil things you have done: He died in a state of grace.
a state of affairs a situation: This state of affairs can no longer be ignored.
the state of play
1 the stage that has been reached in a dispute, process, etc. which has not yet been completed: What is the current state of play in the peace talks?
2 (especially BrE) the score in a sports match, especially in cricket
turn State's evidence (AmE) = turn King's / Queen's evidence at EVIDENCE
more at LIE v., NANNY
+ adjective (also State) [only before noun]
1 provided or controlled by the government of a country: state education + families dependent on state benefits (= in Britain, money given by the government to people who are poor) + state secrets (= information that could be harmful to a country if it were discovered by an enemy)
2 connected with the leader of a country attending an official ceremony: The Queen is on a state visit to Moscow. + the state opening of Parliament + the state apartments / rooms (= used for official ceremonies)
part of country
3 connected with a particular state of a country, especially in the US: a state prison / hospital / university + state police / troopers + a state holiday / tax
1 to formally write or say sth, especially in a careful and clear way: [VN] He has already stated his intention to run for election. + The facts are clearly stated in the report. + There is no need to state the obvious (= to say sth that everyone already knows). + [V wh-] State clearly how many tickets you require. + [V that] He stated categorically that he knew nothing about the deal. + [VN that] It was stated that standards at the hospital were dropping. + [VN to inf] The contract was stated to be invalid.
Help Note: This pattern is usually used in the passive.
2 [VN] [usually passive] to fix or announce the details of sth, especially on a written document: This is not one of their stated aims. + You must arrive at the time stated. + Do not exceed the stated dose (= of medicine).
acceptable, fit, good, healthy
She managed to get the company's finances into a healthy state.
| appalling, awful, bad,
desperate, dire, dreadful, pitiful,
poor, sorry, terrible | run-down
We were shocked at the run-down state of the hospital.
| emotional, mental, psychological
He's not in a fit enough mental state to drive. | physicalThe inspectors assess the physical state of schools and equipment.
| financial | nervous, trance-like
He goes into a trance-like state when he plays the guitar.
| current, present | former, previous | natural
You can either varnish the wood or leave it in its natural state.
constant, continual, continuous,
The country is in a perpetual state of anarchy.
an advanced state of dehydration
VERB + STATE
get into, go into | get sth into
in a ~
Jane was in a terrible state after losing her job.
| into a ~
Babies can cry themselves into a state of frenzy.
| ~ of
His life seems to be in a constant state of chaos.
be in a good/bad, etc. state of repair
The house was in a poor state of repair when we bought it.
| a state of affairs
The brothers' refusal to work together had brought about this sad state of affairs.
| a state of emergency
The government has declared a state of emergency in the flooded regions.
| a state of flux
The education system is still in a state of flux following the recent reform.
| a state of health
He's concerned about his mother's state of health.
| a state of mind
Public speaking can produce a state of mind akin to panic.
| a state of shock
The driver was just sitting there in a state of shock.
| a state of war
independent, nation, sovereign | foreign | democratic, one-party, socialist, totalitarian, etc. | member
member states of the European Union
| powerful, strong | weak | neighbouring
STATE + NOUN
enterprise, monopoly | control, ownership
The telephone network is still under state control.
Every citizen could buy shares in privatized state property.
| sector, system
Teachers in the state sector are asking for a 7% pay rise. schools outside the state system
| education, school
Did you go to a state school or a private school?
| aid, funding, funds, subsidy, support | benefit, pension
unemployed people living on state benefit The state pension is barely enough to live on.
large-scale state intervention in industry
Some prefer tax cuts to greater state spending on health and social services.
| employee | secret
He was shot for passing state secrets to foreign powers.
affairs/matters of state
The president's wife is said to have a powerful hand in affairs of state. | head of stateVisiting heads of state usually stay in the palace. verb
Please state clearly how many tickets you require.
| exactly, explicitly, expressly, precisely, specifically
These facts were nowhere explicitly stated.
| categorically, definitely, positively, unequivocally
She stated categorically that she had no intention of leaving.
| emphatically, firmly | bluntly, flatly
‘Alcohol doesn't solve problems,’ she stated flatly.
| confidently | correctly, rightly | falsely, incorrectly, wrongly | openly, publicly
He stated his own views quite openly.
| formally, officially | blandly | easily
The demands are more easily stated than met.
| briefly, succinctly | quietly | just, merely, simply
I am merely stating the facts.
| repeatedly | previously
As previously stated, the phrase ‘value for money’ has an ambiguous meaning.
VERB + STATE
go on to
The report goes on to state that: …
| fail to
The committee failed to state their reasons for this decision.
We cannot accept this proposal for the reasons stated above.
| state the obvious
At the risk of stating the obvious, people who have not paid cannot be admitted.
| unless otherwise stated/unless stated otherwise
All the photographs in this book, unless otherwise stated, date from the 1950s.
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