Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
spread
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
spread /spred/
  • danh từ
    • sự trải ra, sự căng ra, sự giăng ra
    • sự truyền bá (giáo dục, tư tưởng...)
    • sải cánh (của chim...)
    • chiều rộng, khoảng rộng
    • sự sổ ra (của thân thể)
      • middle-age spread: sự sổ người ra khi đến tuổi trung niên
    • khăn trải (giường, bàn...)
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) hai trang báo liền mặt (in một bức ảnh, một bài quảng cáo...); ảnh in suốt trang báo, dòng chữ chạy dài suốt trang báo
    • (thông tục) bữa tiệc linh đình, bữa ăn thịnh soạn
    • (thương nghiệp) lãi sản xuất (mức chênh nhau giữa giá thành và giá bán)
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) chất phết lên bánh (bơ, mứt...)
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) sự phô trương, sự huênh hoang
    • ngoại động từ spread
      • trải, căng, giăng ra, bày ra
        • to spread a cloth over a table: trải khăn lên bàn
        • to spread a banner: giương cờ, giương biểu ngữ
      • rải, truyền bá
        • to spread a rumour: truyền một tin đồn
      • kéo dài thời gian (trả tiền...)
        • to spread the payments on the loan over eighteen months: kéo dài thời gian trả tiền cho vay trong 18 tháng
      • bày (bàn ăn), bày (thức ăn) lên bàn
      • phết
        • to spread butter on a slice of bread: phết bơ lên một lát bánh mì
      • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) đập bẹt (đầu đinh...)
        • to spread oneself: (từ lóng) ba hoa, huênh hoang, chưng trổ
    • nội động từ
      • trải ra, căng ra
        • the field spreads out before us: cánh đồng trải dài ra trước mặt chúng tôi
      • truyền đi, lan đi, bay đi
        • news spread everywhere: tin truyền đi khắp nơi
        • fire spreads: lửa cháy lan
      • tản ra
        • the birds flew up and spread: chim bay lên rồi tản ra
      • to spread oneself thin
        • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) ôm đồm nhiều việc quá cùng một lúc
    Concise Dictionary
    spreads|spreadingspred
    noun
    +process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space
    +a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures
    +farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)
    +a haphazard distribution in all directions
    +a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers
    +a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed
    +two facing pages of a book or other publication
    +the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age)
    +decorative cover for a bed
    +act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time
    verb
    +distribute or disperse widely
    +become distributed or widespread
    +spread across or over
    +spread out or open from a closed or folded state
    +cause to become widely known
    +become widely known and passed on
    +strew or distribute over an area
    +move outward
    +cover by spreading something over
    +distribute over a surface in a layer
    adj.
    +distributed or spread over a considerable extent
    +prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set out
    +fully extended in width

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 Often, spread out. diffuse, distribute, disperse, disseminate, broadcast, sow, scatter, strew, shed, dispel, dissipate:
    Spread the mulch as evenly as possible to a depth of several inches.
    2 Often, spread about or around. broadcast, publicize, make known, bruit about, air, televise, circulate, publish, distribute, disseminate, trumpet, announce, pronounce, promulgate, advertise, enounce, make public, tell the world, herald, repeat, recite:
    Start spreading the news: I'm leaving today.
    3 Often, spread out. unfold, draw out, display, stretch out, open out, extend, lay out, fan out, unroll, unfurl:
    Please spread the cloth on the table.
    4 Often, spread out. stretch (out), extend, protract, prolong, drag out, distribute, disperse:
    The bank said I could spread the payments over twenty years.
    5 Often, spread out. stretch, extend, separate, put apart or out, part:
    He spread his arms and Lorna rushed into them.
    6 grow, develop, increase, broaden, expand, extend, widen, enlarge, mushroom, proliferate, sprawl, branch out; metastasize:
    To meet the demand for the pies, bakeries began to spread throughout the country. The cancer, unchecked, was bound to spread.
    7 smear, apply, smooth, put, rub, cover, layer, plaster, plate, coat, wash, glaze, paint, varnish, overlay, overspread; cloak, mantle, swaddle, wrap, blanket:
    I was careful to spread the paint evenly, avoiding streaks. When the cake has cooled, spread the chocolate icing over it.
    n.
    8 spreading, extension, extending, expansion, expanding, enlargement, enlarging, development, developing, increase, increasing, proliferation, proliferating, broadening, growth, widening, mushrooming, dispersion, dispersal, dispersing, dissemination, disseminating, distribution, distributing, dispensation, dispensing:
    The spread of the disease is uncontrolled. One of the functions of a university is to encourage the spread of knowledge.
    9 extent, expanse, area, span, sweep, vastness, stretch, reach, breadth, depth, size, dimensions, compass, limits, bounds, boundary or boundaries:
    As our craft accelerated past the moon, we were awed by the spread of empty space that lay before us.
    10 range, extent, scope, span, difference:
    There was too much of a spread between the cost and the selling price.
    11 feast, banquet, meal, dinner, repast, barbecue; table; Colloq feed:
    I have never seen a spread like the one laid on for the returning champions.
    12 butter, margarine, jam, jelly, preserve, conserve, confiture, paste, US old-fashioned oleo:
    What kind of spread do you like on your toast?
    13 ranch, landholding, holding, property, place, plantation, farm, homestead, place:
    His spread in Texas eventually amounted to 10,000 acres.
    14 bedspread, counterpane, coverlet, bed-cover, cover, quilt, eiderdown, duvet, afghan, US comforter, US and Canadian throw:
    Leave the spread off the bed, Carlotta, as I want to take a nap.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    verb, noun
    + verb (spread, spread)
    open / arrange
    1 [VN] ~ sth (out) (on / over sth) to open sth that has been folded so that it covers a larger area than before: to spread a cloth on a table + Sue spread the map out on the floor. + The bird spread its wings.
    2 [VN] ~ sth (out) (on / over sth) to arrange objects so that they cover a large area and can be seen easily: Papers had been spread out on the desk.
    arms / legs
    3 [VN] ~ sth (out) to move your arms, legs, fingers, etc. far apart from each other: She spread her arms and the child ran towards her.
    among people
    4 to affect or make sth affect, be known by, or used by more and more people: [V, usually +adv./prep.] The disease spreads easily. + Within weeks, his confidence had spread throughout the team. + Use of computers spread rapidly during that period. + [VN] to spread rumours / lies about sb + The disease is spread by mosquitoes.
    cover large area
    5 [usually +adv./prep.] to cover, or to make sth cover, a larger and larger area: [V] The fire rapidly spread to adjoining buildings. + Water began to spread across the floor. + A smile spread slowly across her face. + [VN] Using too much water could spread the stain.
    6 [VN] to cause sb/sth to be in a number of different places: Seeds and pollen are spread by the wind. + We have 10 000 members spread all over the country.
    7 [V +adv./prep.] ~ (out) to cover a large area: The valley spread out beneath us.
    soft layer
    8 ~ (A on / over B)
    ~ (B with A) to put a layer of a substance onto the surface of sth; to be able to be put onto a surface: [VN] to spread butter on pieces of toast + pieces of toast spread with butter + [V] If the paint is too thick, it will not spread evenly.
    divide / share
    9 [VN] ~ sth (out) (over sth) to separate sth into parts and divide them between different times or different people: A series of five interviews will be spread over two days. + Why not pay monthly and spread the cost of your car insurance? + We attempted to spread the workload between the departments.
    spreader noun: a spreader of gossip + a glue spreader
    Idioms: spread like wildfire (of news, etc.) to become known by more and more people very quickly: Rumours of his death spread like wildfire.
    spread your net to consider a wide range of possibilities or cover a large area, especially to try to find sb/sth: They have spread their net far and wide in the search for a new team coach.
    spread your wings to become more independent and confident and try new activities, etc: Going to college gave her the chance to spread her wings.
    spread the word to tell people about sth
    Phrasal Verbs: spread out
    spread yourself out
    1 to stretch your body or arrange your things over a large area: There's more room to spread out in first class. + Do you have to spread yourself out all over the sofa?
    2 to separate from other people in a group, to cover a larger area: The searchers spread out to cover the area faster.
    + noun
    increase
    1 [U] an increase in the amount or number of sth that there is, or in the area that is affected by sth: to prevent the spread of disease / infection + to encourage the spread of information / knowledge + Shut doors to delay the spread of fire. + the spread of a city into the surrounding areas
    See also - MIDDLE-AGE SPREAD
    range / variety
    2 [C, usually sing.] a range or variety of people or things: a broad spread of investments / opinions + There was a good spread of scores on the test.
    on bread
    3 [C, U] a soft food that you put on bread: Use a low-fat spread instead of butter. + cheese spread
    area covered
    4 [usually sing.] ~ (of sth) the area that sth exists in or happens in: The company has a good geographical spread of hotels in this country.
    5 [usually sing.] ~ (of sth) how wide sth is or the area that sth covers: The bird's wings have a spread of nearly a metre.
    in newspaper / magazine
    6 [C] an article or advertisement in a newspaper or magazine, especially one that covers two opposite pages: The story continued with a double-page spread on the inside pages.
    See also - CENTRE SPREAD
    meal
    7 [C] (informal) a large meal, especially one that is prepared for a special occasion: They had laid on a huge spread for the party.
    of land / water
    8 [usually sing.] ~ (of sth) (AmE) an area of land or water: a vast spread of water + (AmE) They have a huge spread in California (= a large farm or ranch).
    finance
    9 [U] the difference between two rates or prices
    on bed
    10 [C] (AmE) = BEDSPREAD
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    ADJ.

    good, great, wide | rapid | gradual, slow | geographical, global
    The current survey will have a wider geographical spread.

    VERB + SPREAD

    encourage
    Such unhygienic conditions encourage the spread of disease.
    | halt, prevent, stop | control, limit, reduce

    PREP.

    ~ of
    the spread of fire

    verb

    1 open sth so that you can see all of it

    ADV.

    carefully | out
    We spread the rug out on the floor.

    PREP.

    across, on, over

    PHRASES

    spread sth open
    He had a newspaper spread open on his knee.

    2 reach more people/wider area

    ADV.

    fast, like wildfire, quickly, rapidly, soon
    The news spread like wildfire.
    | gradually, slowly | easily
    The disease spreads easily.
    | widely
    Allow plenty of space for this plant as its roots spread widely.
    | far and wide
    His fame had spread far and wide.
    | geographically
    Friends may be spread geographically. Neighbours, by definition, are nearby.
    | outwards

    PREP.

    across, among, around/round, beyond, from, into, over, through, throughout, to
    The effects of this policy spread far beyond children now at school. The fire rapidly spread to adjoining buildings.

    PHRASES

    thinly spread
    Expertise in this field is very thinly spread across the country.

    3 cover a surface with a soft substance

    ADV.

    generously, liberally, thickly | lightly, thinly | evenly
    Don't make the paste too thick, or it will not spread evenly.

    PREP.

    on
    He spread jam on the toast.
    | with
    Spread each slice generously with butter.

    4 divide/share sth

    ADV.

    equally, evenly, uniformly | unevenly

    VERB + SPREAD

    try to

    PREP.

    among, between
    We tried to spread the workload evenly between the departments.
    | over
    The course takes forty hours, spread over twenty weeks.


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