Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
spoil /spɔil/
  • danh từ
    • (số nhiều) chiến lợi phẩm
    • lợi lộc, quyền lợi (sau khi chiến thắng)
    • (đùa cợt) bổng lộc, lương lậu
    • (đánh bài) sự hoà
    • đất đá đào lên, đất bùn nạo vét lên
    • ngoại động từ spoiled, spoilt
      • cướp phá, tước đoạt, cướp đoạt
      • làm hư, làm hỏng, làm hại
        • the performance was spoilt by the rain: mưa làm hỏng cả cuộc biểu diễn
        • the news spoilt his dinner: tin đó làm cho anh ta ăn cơm mất ngon
      • làm hư (một đứa trẻ)
        • a spoilt child: một đứa trẻ hư (vì nuông chiều)
      • (từ lóng) chặt chân tay (ai); giết, khử
      • nội động từ
        • thối, ươn (quả, cá...)
          • these fruit will not spoil with keeping: những quả này để lâu không thối
        • mất hay, mất thú (câu chuyện đùa)
        • (chỉ động tính từ hiện tại) hăm hở, hậm hực muốn
          • to be spoiling for a fight: hậm hực muốn đánh nhau
        • spare the rod and spoil the child
          • (xem) rod
      Concise Dictionary
      +(usually plural) valuables taken by violence (especially in war)
      +the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it
      +the act of stripping and taking by force
      +make a mess of, destroy or ruin
      +become unfit for consumption or use
      +alter from the original
      +treat with excessive indulgence
      +hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
      +have a strong desire or urge to do something
      +destroy and strip of its possession
      +make imperfect

      Thesaurus Dictionary
      1 ruin, destroy, wreck, queer, mess up, upset, demolish, harm, damage, Colloq kill:
      You really spoiled everything by telling Mum about my pet frog. Spare the rod and spoil the child.
      2 damage, mar, injure, harm, deface, disfigure, scar, blemish:
      The painting was spoiled by some fanatic who slashed it.
      3 baby, mollycoddle, coddle, indulge, pamper, dote on, spoonfeed, Rare cocker:
      Barbara really spoils her family terribly by indulging their every whim.
      4 turn, go off or bad, curdle, moulder, decay, decompose, become addle(d), rot, putrefy, mildew:
      The milk will spoil if not refrigerated.
      5 be spoiling for. itch (for or after), yearn (for), be eager (for), be keen (for), look for, be bent on, be desirous of, crave, be after:
      If you give Tom a drink he'll be spoiling for a fight. Oh, I thought he was always spoiling for a fight.
      6 spoils. loot, booty, plunder, pillage, prizes, pickings, Slang swag, take, goods, boodle:
      The Nazis took the paintings as spoils of war.
      Advanced English Dictionary
      verb, noun
      + verb (spoiled, spoiled )
      1 [VN] to change sth good into sth bad, unpleasant, useless, etc.
      Synonym: RUIN
      Our camping trip was spoilt by bad weather. + Don't let him spoil your evening. + The tall buildings have spoiled the view. + Don't eat too many nuts-you'll spoil your appetite (= will no longer be hungry at mealtime). + (BrE) spoiled ballot papers (= not valid because not correctly marked) + I won't tell you what happens in the last chapter-I don't want to spoil it for you.
      2 [VN] to give a child everything that they ask for and not enough discipline in a way that has a bad effect on their character and behaviour: She spoils those kids of hers.
      3 [VN] ~ sb / yourself to make sb/yourself happy by doing sth special: Why not spoil yourself with a weekend in a top hotel? + He really spoiled me on my birthday.
      4 [V] (of food) to become bad so that it can no longer be eaten
      Idioms: be spoiling for a fight to want to fight with sb very much
      more at COOK n.
      + noun
      1 (the spoils) [pl.] (formal or literary) goods stolen from a place by thieves or by an army that has won a battle or war: the spoils of war / conquest + The robbers divided up the spoils.
      2 (spoils) [pl.] the profits or advantages that sb gets from being successful: the spoils of high office + The two teams shared the spoils with a 11 result.
      3 [U] (technical) waste material that is brought up when a hole is dug, etc.
      Collocation Dictionary

      1 make sth useless/unsuccessful/not very good


      completely, quite
      Her selfish behaviour completely spoiled the evening.
      | rather, slightly, somewhat

      VERB + SPOIL

      mustn't, not be going to, not want to
      I don't want to spoil things for everyone else.
      | be a pity to
      It would be a pity to spoil the surprise.
      | try to | not let sth
      Don't let the bad weather spoil your holiday.

      2 a child


      spoiling the children with expensive toys


      be completely/thoroughly/utterly spoilt
      Those children are thoroughly spoilt!
      | spoil sb rotten
      My grandparents used to spoil me rotten.
      | a spoilt brat/child

      Random quote: Good instincts usually tell you what to do long before your head has figured it out.: Michael Burke

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