Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
spare
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
spare /speə/
  • tính từ
    • thừa, dư, có để dành
      • spare time: thì giờ rỗi
      • spare cash: tiền để dành
      • spare room: buồn ngủ dành riêng cho khách
    • thanh đạm, sơ sài
      • spare diet: chế độ ăn uống thanh đạm
    • gầy go
      • man of spare frame: người gầy gò
    • để thay thế (đồ phụ tùng)
    • danh từ
      • đồ phụ tùng (máy móc)
      • ngoại động từ
        • để dành, tiết kiệm
          • to spare expense: tiết kiệm việc chi tiêu
          • to spare no efforts: không tiếc sức
        • không cần đến, có thừa
          • we cannot spare him just now: hiện giờ chúng tôi rất cần đến anh ta
          • I can spare you 10 d: tôi có thể cho anh vay tạm 10 đồng
        • tha, tha thứ, dung thứ; miễn cho
          • to spare someone's life: thay mạng cho ai, tha giết ai
          • to spare someone's feelings: không chạm đến tình cảm của ai
          • I could have spared the explanation: đáng lẽ tôi đã có thể miễn việc giải thích
          • spare me these jeremiads: xin miễn cho tôi những lời than van đó
      • nội động từ
        • ăn uống thanh đạm
        • tằn tiện
        • spare the rod and spoil the child
          • (xem) rod
        • to have enought and to spare
          • có của ăn của để; dư dật
      Concise Dictionary
      spares|spared|sparing|sparer|sparestsper /speə
      noun
      +an extra component of a machine or other apparatus
      +an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle
      +a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls
      verb
      +refrain from harming
      +save or relieve from an experience or action
      +give up what is not strictly needed
      +use frugally or carefully
      adj.
      +thin and fit
      +more than is needed, desired, or required
      +not taken up by scheduled activities
      +kept in reserve especially for emergency use
      +lacking in amplitude or quantity
      +lacking embellishment or ornamentation

      Thesaurus Dictionary
      adj.
      1 extra, surplus, supernumerary, auxiliary, supplementary, additional; odd, leftover; in reserve, in addition:
      We got a puncture, so Dad stopped and put on the spare wheel. Give them the spare room. Have you a spare cigarette?
      2 unoccupied, leftover, leisure, free, surplus, extra; not spoken for:
      Her demanding job left her very little spare time.
      3 thin, skinny, scrawny, cadaverous, gaunt, raw-boned, meagre, gangling, lank(y), wiry, slim, slender; all skin and bones:
      The spare, ragged figure crouched in the shadows, his hand outstretched in supplication.
      4 See sparing, below.
      5 meagre, frugal, small, skimpy, modest, scanty:
      Their meals were spare but wholesome.
      v.
      6 save, rescue, deliver, redeem:
      Bill spared me from a fate worse than death. Spare me the embarrassment of having to ask for my money back.
      7 pardon, let go, release, have mercy on, let off, free, liberate:
      At the last moment, the judge spared him.
      8 allow, relinquish, let go (of), give, award, bestow, let have, donate, part with, give, yield:
      She decided she could spare a couple of pounds for the disaster appeal. Buddy, can you spare a dime?
      9 avoid, dispense with, manage or do without, give up, forgo, forsake, surrender, sacrifice:
      We spared a great deal of trouble by settling the dispute. Spare the rod and spoil the child.
      Advanced English Dictionary
      adjective, verb, noun
      + adjective
      not used / needed
      1 [usually before noun] that is not being used or is not needed at the present time: We've got a spare bedroom, if you'd like to stay. + I'm afraid I haven't got any spare cash. + Are there any tickets going spare (= are there any available, not being used by sb else)?
      extra
      2 [only before noun] kept in case you need to replace the one you usually use; extra: a spare key / tyre + Take some spare clothes in case you get wet.
      time
      3 available to do what you want with rather than work: He's studying music in his spare time. + I haven't had a spare moment this morning.
      person
      4 (written) thin, and usually quite tall
      Idioms: go spare (BrE, informal) to become very angry or upset: Your mum would go spare if she knew! + I'll go spare if I don't get out of the house soon!
      + verb
      time / money / room / thought, etc.
      1 ~ sth/sb (for sb/sth)
      ~ (sb) sth to make sth such as time or money available to sb or for sth, especially when it requires an effort for you to do this: [VN] I'd love to have a break, but I can't spare the time just now. + We can only spare one room for you. + Could you spare one of your staff to help us out? + You should spare a thought for (= think about) the person who cleans up after you. + He was late, but he spared a glance for the pretty girl at the desk. + [VNN] Surely you can spare me a few minutes?
      save sb pain / trouble
      2 ~ sb / yourself (from) sth to save sb/yourself from having to go through an unpleasant experience: [VNN] He wanted to spare his mother any anxiety. + Please spare me (= do not tell me) the gruesome details. + You could have spared yourself an unnecessary trip by phoning in advance. + [VN] She was spared from the ordeal of appearing in court.
      not harm / damage
      3 [usually passive] ~ sb/sth (from sth) (literary) to allow sb/sth to escape harm, damage or death, especially when others do not escape it: [VN] They killed the men but spared the children. + During the bombing only one house was spared (= was not hit by a bomb). [also VNN]
      no effort / expense, etc.
      4 [VN] to do everything possible to achieve sth or to do sth well without trying to limit the time or money involved: He spared no effort to make her happy again. + No expense was spared in furnishing the new office.
      work hard
      5 [VN] not ~ yourself to work as hard as possible
      Idioms: spare sb's blushes (BrE) to save sb from an embarrassing situation: A last minute goal spared their blushes.
      spare sb's feelings to be careful not to do or say anything that might upset sb
      to spare if you have time, money, etc. to spare, you have more than you need: I've got absolutely no money to spare this month. + We arrived at the airport with five minutes to spare.
      + noun
      1 an extra thing that you keep in case you need to replace the one you usually use (used especially about a tyre of a car): to get the spare out of the boot / trunk + I've lost my key and I haven't got a spare.
      2 (spares) [pl.] (especially BrE) = SPARE PARTS: It can be difficult to get spares for some older makes of car.
      Collocation Dictionary
      verb

      ADV.

      barely, hardly, scarcely
      She hardly spared him a second glance.

      VERB + SPARE

      can/could

      PREP.

      for
      Can you spare some money for the homeless?

      PHRASES

      to spare
      Have you any money to spare? We should get there with half an hour to spare.



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