Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
soil /sɔil/
  • danh từ
    • đất
      • alluvial soil: đất phù sa, đất bồi
      • one's native soil: nơi quê cha đất tổ
    • vết bẩn, vết nhơ
    • sự làm nhơ bẩn
    • rác rưởi
    • ngoại động từ
      • làm bẩn, làm dơ, vấy bẩn
        • I would not soil my hands with it: (nghĩa bóng) tôi không muốn nhúng vào việc đó cho bẩn tay
    • nội động từ
      • dễ bẩn
        • this stuff soils easily: vải len này dễ bẩn
    • ngoại động từ
      • cho (súc vật) ăn cỏ tươi
    Concise Dictionary
    +the state of being covered with unclean things
    +the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
    +material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
    +the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state
    +make soiled, filthy, or dirty
    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 dirty, stain, begrime, muddy, smear, spot:
    His shirts were returned by the laundry still soiled.
    2 pollute, contaminate, sully, defile, foul, befoul, tarnish, besmirch, disgrace, muddy, smear, blacken; blot:
    The scandal soiled his previously spotless reputation.
    3 dirt, filth, muck, mire, mud, sludge, dregs, refuse; excrement, waste (matter):
    The soil is carried away by these pipes into the main sewer.
    earth, loam, dirt, ground, turf, humus; clay:
    The men who dug the swimming-pool took away the soil from the pit.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    [U, C]
    1 the top layer of the earth in which plants, trees, etc. grow: poor / dry / acid / sandy soil + the study of rocks and soils + soil erosion - EARTH
    2 (literary) a country; an area of land: It was the first time I had set foot on African soil.
    + verb [VN] [often passive] (formal) to make sth dirty: soiled bedding / linen + (figurative) I don't want you soiling your hands with this sort of work (= doing sth unpleasant or wrong).
    See also - SHOP-SOILED
    Collocation Dictionary

    1 earth


    deep | shallow, thin | fertile, good, rich | barren, infertile, poor | light | heavy | loose | dry | damp, moist, waterlogged, wet | acid/acidic, alkaline | contaminated | top
    | chalky, clay/clayey, peaty, sandy, stony | alluvial, desert, forest, garden, polar, volcanic


    cultivate | dig, till, turn, work
    fields of newly turned soil The clayey soils of the region are difficult to work.
    | fertilize | drain | loosen


    conservation | degradation, erosion | conditions, fertility, quality
    declining soil fertility
    | type | surface | science, scientist


    in (the) ~
    The flowers do well in sandy soil.

    2 part of a country


    native | foreign


    set foot on
    She first set foot on French soil at a small Channel port.


    on … ~
    protests over the siting of nuclear weapons on British soil

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