Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
sign
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
sign /sain/
  • danh từ
    • dấu, dấu hiệu, ký hiệu; mật hiệu
      • sign of the cross: dấu thánh giá
      • chemical sign: ký hiệu hoá học
      • to talk by signs: nói bằng hiệu
      • the signs and the countersigns: hiệu hỏi và hiệu đáp, mật hiệu (của một tổ chức)
    • dấu hiệu biểu hiện, biểu hiện, tượng trưng, điểm
      • signs of the times: dấu hiệu biểu hiện xu hướng của tình hình
      • violence is a signof weakness: bạo lực là biểu hiến sự yếu
      • to give a book in sign of friendship: tặng một quyển sách để thể hiện tình hữu nghị
    • (y học) triệu chứng
    • dấu vết (thú săn...)
    • biển hàng
    • ước hiệu
      • deaf-and-dumb signs: ước hiệu của người câm điếc
    • to do sings and wonders
      • gọi gió làm mưa, hô phong hoán vũ
    • to make no sign
      • đường như là chết
    • không phản ứng gì
    • động từ
      • đánh dấu; (tôn giáo) làm dấu
      • ký tên, viết ký hiệu, viết dấu hiệu
        • to sign a contract: ký một hợp đồng
        • he signs au usual with a red star: anh ấy vẫn thường vẽ một ngôi sao đỏ làm ký hiệu
      • ra hiệu, làm hiệu
        • to sign assent: ra hiệu đồng ý
        • to sign to someone to do something: ra hiệu cho ai làm việc gì
      • to sign away
        • nhường (tài sản cho ai) bằng chứng thư
      • to sign on
        • ký giao kỳ làm gì (cho ai); đưa giao kèo cho (ai) ký nhận làm gì cho mình
      • to sign off
        • ngừng (phát thanh)
      • (thông tục) ngừng nói, thoi nói chuyện
      • to sign up (Mỹ)
        • (như) to sign on
      • đăng tên nhập ngũ
    Concise Dictionary
    signs|signed|signingsaɪn
    noun
    +a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened)
    +a public display of a (usually written) message
    +any communication that encodes a message
    +structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted
    +(astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided
    +(medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease
    +having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges)
    +an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come
    +a gesture that is part of a sign language
    +a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified
    +a character indicating a relation between quantities
    verb
    +mark with one's signature; write one's name (on)
    +approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation
    +be engaged by a written agreement
    +engage by written agreement
    +communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs
    +place signs, as along a road
    +communicate in sign language
    +make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate
    adj.
    +used of the language of the deaf
    Thesaurus Dictionary
    n.
    1 token, symbol, indication, mark, signal, indicator; notice:
    I interpreted the shouts of the crowd as a sign that I had won the race
    2 movement, gesture, motion, signal, cue, gesticulation:
    She made a sign motioning me to come over.
    3 trace, indication, evidence, mark, clue, hint, suggestion, vestige:
    She waited for an hour but there was no sign of him.
    4 device, mark, symbol, representation, emblem, trade mark, badge, brand, stamp, seal, ideogram, ideograph, lexigram, phonogram, grapheme, hieroglyph, cartouche, rebus, logo(type), colophon, ensign, standard, banner, flag; monogram, initials, cipher or cypher:
    Sir Roger fought under the sign of a rampant lion.
    5 signboard, advertisement, placard, poster, US broadside; shingle, notice, announcement:
    You can't miss the huge supermarket sign at the corner.
    6 omen, augury, warning, forewarning, foreboding, portent, indication, writing on the wall, prophecy, prognostication, foreshadowing:
    We took the rumbling as a sign of an imminent earthquake.
    v.
    7 autograph, put one's signature on or to, inscribe, countersign, endorse, witness, put or set one's hand to, mark; sign on the dotted line; Colloq US put one's John Hancock on or to:
    I have already signed the petition, have you? The painting is valueless unless signed by the artist
    8 sign away. forgo, relinquish, give up, abandon, abandon or quit claim to, waive, release, surrender, dispose of, sacrifice, get rid of:
    With one stroke of the pen, he signed away most of his fortune.
    9 sign off. close down, discontinue (broadcasting, writing a letter, etc.):
    It is midnight, time for us to sign off till tomorrow.
    10 sign on or up.
    (a) enrol, enlist, sign up (for), register, volunteer, join (up), contract:
    I signed on to be a bodyguard, not a nursemaid.
    (b) enrol, enlist, hire, employ, put under contract, retain, engage, take on, Colloq take on board, bring aboard:
    We signed up three new engineers this week.
    11 sign over. assign, consign, transfer, make over, deliver, give, donate, present, dispose of, turn over:
    Aunt June was persuaded to sign over the ownership of the business to her nephews.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    showing sth
    1 [C, U] ~ (of sth)
    ~ (that ...) an event, an action, a fact, etc. that shows that sth exists, is happening or may happen in the future
    Synonym: INDICATION
    Headaches may be a sign of stress. + There is no sign of John anywhere. + Call the police at the first sign of trouble. + The gloomy weather shows no sign of improving. + Her work is showing some signs of improvement. + The fact that he didn't say 'no' immediately is a good sign. + If an interview is too easy, it's a sure sign that you haven't got the job. + There was no sign of life in the house (= there seemed to be nobody there). + There were no outward signs that anything was wrong.
    for information / warning
    2 [C] a piece of paper, wood or metal that has writing or a picture on it that gives you information, instructions, a warning, etc: a road / traffic sign + a shop / pub sign + The sign on the wall said 'Now wash your hands'. + Follow the signs for the city centre.
    movement / sound
    3 [C] a movement or sound that you make to tell sb sth: He gave us a thumbs-up sign. + She nodded as a sign for us to sit down. + Three blasts on the whistle was the sign for visitors to leave. + to make the sign of the cross (= an act of moving one hand in the shape of a cross, done by Christians to show respect for God or by a priest to bless sb/sth)
    See also - V-SIGN
    + symbol
    4 [C] a mark used to represent sth, especially in mathematics: a plus / minus sign (+ / -) + a pound / dollar sign (? / $)
    star sign
    5 [U] (informal) = STAR SIGN: What sign are you?
    Idioms: a sign of the times something that you feel shows what things are like now, especially how bad they are: The increasing number of people owning guns is an alarming sign of the times.
    + verb
    your name
    1 to write your name on a document, letter, etc. to show that you have written it, that you agree with what it says, or that it is genuine: [V, VN] Sign here, please. + Sign your name here, please. + [VN] You haven't signed the letter. + to sign a deal / contract / cheque + The treaty was signed on 24 March. + The player was signing autographs for a group of fans. + [VN-N] He signed himself 'Jimmy'.
    contract
    2 to arrange for sb, for example a sports player or musician, to sign a contract agreeing to work for your company; to sign a contract agreeing to work for a company: [VN] United have just signed a new goalie. + [V] He signed for United yesterday. + The band signed with Virgin Records.
    make movement / sound
    3 ~ (to sb) (to do sth) to make a request or tell sb to do sth by using a sign, especially a hand movement: [V to inf] The hotel manager signed to the porter to pick up my case. + The police officer signed for us to stop. [also V that]
    for deaf person
    4 to use sign language to communicate with sb: [V] She learnt to sign to help her deaf child. + [VN] An increasing number of plays are now being signed.
    signer noun: the signers of the petition + signers communicating information to deaf people
    Idioms: signed and sealed
    signed, sealed and delivered definite, because all the legal documents have been signed
    sign on the dotted line (informal) to sign a document to show that you have agreed to buy sth or do sth: Just sign on the dotted line and the car is yours.
    more at PLEDGE n.
    Phrasal Verbs: sign sth<->away to lose your rights or property by signing a document
    sign for sth to sign a document to show that you have received sth: Someone must sign for the package when we deliver it.
    sign in / out
    sign sb<->in / out to write your/sb's name when you arrive at or leave an office, a club, etc: All visitors must sign in on arrival. + You must sign guests out when they leave the club.
    sign off
    1 (BrE) to end a letter: She signed off with 'Yours, Janet'.
    2 to end a broadcast by saying goodbye or playing a piece of music
    sign sth<->off to give your formal approval to sth, by signing your name
    sign off on sth (AmE, informal) to express your approval of sth formally and definitely: The President hasn't signed off on this report.
    sign on (BrE, informal) to sign a form stating that you are an unemployed person so that you can receive payment from the government
    sign on / up
    sign sb<->on / up to sign a form or contract which says that you agree to do a job or become a soldier; to persuade sb to sign a form or contract like this: He signed on for five years in the army. + The company has signed up three top models for the fashion show.
    sign sth<->over (to sb) to give your rights or property to sb else by signing a document: She has signed the house over to her daughter.
    sign up (for sth) to arrange to do a course of study by adding your name to the list of people doing it
    WHICH WORD?
    sign / signal
    Sign and signal can be used with very similar meanings. Both words can mean a movement or sound made to tell someone something: Don't move until I give the sign/signal.
    They can also both mean something that indicates that something exists or may happen, but a sign is usually something that you can find or see, while signal is used for something that is done intentionally or that suggests you should take some action: early signs of the disease + the first signs of spring + danger/warning signals + Local people regarded the President's visit as a clear signal of his support.
    With other meanings, only one of these words can be used: a road sign + a dollar sign + a faint radio signal + The train waited while the signals were on red.(also informal sign)
    + noun
    one of the twelve signs of the ZODIAC: 'What's your star sign?' 'Aquarius.'
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 sth that shows that sth exists/may happen

    ADJ.

    clear, definite, distinct, obvious, real, sure, telltale, unmistakable | external, outward, visible
    All the outward signs of growth in the market are there.
    | tangible | early, first
    Strong likes or dislikes of various foods are another of the early signs of pregnancy.
    | increasing | encouraging, good, healthy, hopeful, positive, welcome
    He was silent. It was a good sign.
    | bad, disturbing | danger, ominous, warning
    Are appliances you buy safe? We point out the danger signs.

    VERB + SIGN

    bear, have
    The murder had all the signs of a crime of passion.
    | exhibit, display, give, show
    By now the fish was showing signs of distress.
    | detect, find, see, watch out for
    We detected signs that they were less than enthusiastic about the holiday.
    | interpret (sth as), read, recognize, see sth as | look for
    Look carefully for signs of damp.
    | point out

    SIGN + VERB

    appear, come
    The first signs of spring appeared.
    | indicate sth, point to sth
    All the signs pointed to it being more than just a coincidence.

    PREP.

    at a/the ~
    He disappeared at the first sign of trouble.
    | from ~
    The villages regarded the earthquake as a sign from God.
    | ~ of

    PHRASES

    sign of life
    There was no sign of life in the house (= there seemed to be nobody there).
    | a sign of the times
    It's a real sign of the times: 30 small businesses face financial ruin this month.
    | little/no/not the least/not the slightest sign (of sb/sth)
    He spoke up without the slightest sign of nervousness.

    2 board, etc. giving information/a warning

    ADJ.

    flashing, illuminated | neon | handwritten, painted | exit | inn, pub, shop, street | direction, road, traffic | ‘Stop’ | warning | ‘For sale’, ‘No Smoking’, ‘To let’

    VERB + SIGN

    erect, hang out/up, hold up, put up
    Some of the marchers were holding up signs and placards. Someone had put up a ‘For Sale’ sign.
    | see | read | follow
    Just follow the signs for Bridgend.

    SIGN + VERB

    read sth, say sth
    The sign read ‘No Fishing’.
    | indicate sth
    This sign indicates that cycling is allowed.
    | point
    The sign pointed down a small lane.
    | advertise sth | warn
    signs warning against trespass
    | flash
    A neon sign flashed above the door.

    PREP.

    ~ for/to
    Follow the road and you'll see signs for the turn-off.

    3 movement with a particular meaning

    ADJ.

    frantic | rude | thumbs-up, V

    VERB + SIGN

    give (sb), make
    She gave me a thumbs-up sign.
    | communicate through
    They had to communicate through signs and grunts.

    SIGN + NOUN

    language, system

    PREP.

    ~ for
    the sign for ‘woman’ in sign language

    PHRASES

    make the sign of the cross
    The priest made the sign of the cross over the dead body.

    4 mark/symbol with a particular meaning

    ADJ.

    euro, pound, etc. | equals, minus, plus, etc.

    VERB + SIGN

    draw, make
    The wizard drew some strange signs in the air with his wand.
    | use
    I used the Chinese sign for ‘father’ instead of ‘uncle’.

    SIGN + VERB

    mean sth
    What does this sign mean?

    PREP.

    ~ for
    I can't remember the sign for ‘square root’.

    5 star sign

    ADJ.

    birth, star

    VERB + SIGN

    be born under

    PREP.

    ~ of
    people born under the sign of Gemini

    PHRASES

    the signs of the Zodiac



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