Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
shift
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
shift /ʃift/
  • danh từ
    • sự thay đổi vị trí, sự thay đổi tính tình; sự thăng trầm; sự luân phiên
      • shift of crops: sự luân canh
      • the shifts and changes of life: sự thăng trầm của cuộc sống
    • ca, kíp
      • to work in shift: làm theo ca
    • mưu mẹo, phương kế
    • lời thoái thác, lời quanh co, lời nước đôi
    • (địa lý,địa chất) sự trượt nghiêng; tầng trượt nghiêng
    • (ngôn ngữ học) sự thay đổi cách phát âm
    • (âm nhạc) sự thay đổi vị trí bàn tay (trên phím đàn pianô)
    • (thể dục,thể thao) sự di chuyển vị trí (của hàng hậu vệ bóng đá)
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) sự thay quần áo
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) áo sơ mi nữ
    • to be at one's last shift
      • cùng đường
    • to live on shifts
      • sống một cách ám muội
    • to make [a] shift to
      • tìm phương, tính kế, xoay xở (để làm làm gì)
    • to make shift without something
      • đành xoay xở vậy tuy thiếu cái gì
  • động từ
    • đổi chỗ, dời chỗ, di chuyển; thay
      • to shift one's lodging: thay đổi chỗ ở
      • to shift the scene: thay cảnh (trên sân khấu)
      • wind shifts round to the East: gió chuyển hướng về phía đông
    • ((thường) + off) trút bỏ, trút lên
      • to shift off the responsibility: trút bỏ trách nhiệm; trút trách nhiệm (cho ai)
    • dùng mưu mẹo, dùng mưu kế, xoay xở; xoay xở để kiếm sống
    • (từ hiếm,nghĩa hiếm) nó quanh co, nói lập lờ, nói nước đôi
    • sang (số) (ô tô)
      • our new car shifts automatically: chiếc xe ô tô mới của chúng tôi sang số tự động
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) thay quần áo
    • to shift one's ground
      • thay đổi ý kiến lập trường (trong cuộc thảo luận)
    • to shift for oneself
      • tự xoay xở lấy
    • to shift and prevaricate
      • nói quanh co lẩn tránh
Concise Dictionary
shifts|shifted|shiftingʃɪft
noun
+an event in which something is displaced without rotation
+a qualitative change
+the time period during which you are at work
+the act of changing one thing or position for another
+the act of moving from one place to another
+(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other
+a crew of workers who work for a specific period of time
+the key on the typewriter keyboard that shifts from lower-case letters to upper-case letters
+a woman's sleeveless undergarment
+a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
verb
+make a shift in or exchange of
+change place or direction
+move around
+move very slightly
+move from one setting or context to another
+change in quality
+move and exchange for another
+move sideways or in an unsteady way
+move abruptly
+use a shift key on a keyboard
+change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change
+change gears
+lay aside, abandon, or leave for another

Thesaurus Dictionary
v.
1 move, change position; edge, budge, relocate, rearrange, transpose, switch:
Shift the picture slightly to the left. Marla shifted over closer to me on the bench. I almost broke my leg because you shifted the chair as I was about to sit on it.
2 Usually, shift for (oneself). manage, succeed, make do, look after, take care of, get or scrape by or along, fend for (oneself), make it, paddle one's own canoe:
Cyril prefers to live alone and shift for himself.
3 sell, market, move:
The object of advertising is to shift merchandise.
n.
4 hours, stint, schedule; workforce, relay, crew, cadre, staff, workers, squad, team, corps, group, party, gang:
I prefer to work the morning shift. The night shift comes on at 1600
5 change, movement, switch, transfer, swerve, deflection, veer:
Owing to a wind shift, it became impossible to manoeuvre among the rocks
6 smock, chemise, muu-muu; caftan or kaftan:
A light cotton shift is the most comfortable thing to wear in such scorching weather.
Advanced English Dictionary
verb, noun
+ verb
move
1 ~ (sth) (from ...) (to ...) to move, or move sth, from one position or place to another: [V] The action of the novel shifts from Paris to London. + Lydia shifted uncomfortably in her chair. + I shifted uneasily under his gaze. + [VN] He shifted his gaze from the child to her. + Could you help me shift some furniture? + She shifted her weight from one foot to the other.
2 [V, VN] ~ (yourself) (BrE, informal) to move quickly
Synonym: HURRY
situation / opinion / policy
3 [V] ~ (from ...) (to / towards / toward ...) (of a situation, an opinion, a policy etc.) to change from one state, position, etc. to another: Public attitudes towards marriage have shifted over the past 50 years. + The balance of power shifted away from workers towards employers. + Her sympathies gradually shifted to the side of the protesters.
4 [VN] ~ sth (from ...) (to / towards / toward ...) to change your opinion of or attitude towards sth, or change the way that you do sth: We need to shift the focus of this debate. + The new policy shifted the emphasis away from fighting inflation.
responsibility
5 [VN] ~ responsibility / blame (for sth) (onto sb) to make sb else responsible for sth you should do or sth bad that you have done: He tried to shift the blame for his mistakes onto his colleagues.
remove mark
6 [VN] to remove sth such as a dirty mark: a detergent that shifts even the most stubborn stains
sell goods
7 [VN] to sell goods, especially goods that are difficult to sell: They cut prices drastically to try and shift stock.
in vehicle
8 [V] (AmE) to change the GEARS when you are driving a vehicle: to shift into second gear
Idioms: shift your ground (usually disapproving) to change your opinion about a subject, especially during a discussion
(the) shifting sands (of sth) used to describe a situation that changes so often that it is difficult to understand or deal with it
Phrasal Verbs: shift for yourself (BrE) to do things without help from other people: You're going to have to shift for yourself from now on.
+ noun
change
1 [C] ~ (in sth) a change in position or direction: a gradual shift in the population away from the countryside to the towns + a dramatic shift in public opinion + a shift of emphasis
period of work
2 [C] a period of time worked by a group of workers who start work as another group finishes: to be on the day / night shift at the factory + to work an eight-hour shift + working in shifts + shift workers / work
See also - SWING SHIFT
3 [C+sing./pl. v.] the workers who work a particular shift: The night shift has / have just come off duty.
on computer
4 [U] the mechanism on a TYPEWRITER or computer keyboard that allows capital letters or a different set of characters to be typed: a shift key
clothing
5 [C] a woman's simple straight dress
6 [C] a simple straight piece of clothing worn by women in the past as underwear
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 change

ADJ.

distinct, dramatic, fundamental, major, marked, profound, pronounced, radical, significant, substantial | discernible | slight, subtle | gradual | abrupt, sudden | decisive, irreversible, long-term | climate, cultural, demographic, ideological, policy, population

VERB + SHIFT

be, represent
These proposals represent a dramatic shift in policy.
| bring about, cause, lead to, produce, result in | mark, see
The moment marked a significant shift in attitudes to the war.
| detect
I detected a subtle shift towards our point of view.
| explain
one factor which may explain the president's policy shift

SHIFT + VERB

occur, take place
These climate shifts occurred over less than a decade.

PREP.

~ between
the many shifts between verse and prose that occur in Shakespeare
| ~ (away) from
the shift away from direct taxation
| ~ in
a shift in public opinion
| ~ to
a sudden shift to the right in British politics
| ~ towards
a shift towards part-time farming

2 division of the working day

ADJ.

double, long, split
I agreed to work double shifts for a few weeks.
| day, early, late, night | eight-hour, ten-hour, etc. | afternoon, evening, morning, weekend

VERB + SHIFT

be/come/go on, do, work (in) ~s
I'm doing the early shift this week. I didn't realize that I'd have to work shifts. The clinic is staffed by ten doctors who work in shifts.
| change (your) ~s
It was 8.00 a.m. and the nurses were changing shifts. My husband has changed his shifts, from the afternoon shift to the night one.
| be/go/come off

SHIFT + NOUN

work | supervisor, manager, worker | pattern, system
They'd altered his shift pattern twice in the past fortnight.

PREP.

on a/the ~
a decision for the chief nurse on each shift

verb

1 move

ADV.

slightly
Julie shifted her position slightly and smiled.
| impatiently, restlessly, uncomfortably, uneasily
She shifted uncomfortably in her chair.
| away

PREP.

from
She shifted her gaze away from the group of tourists.
| onto
He shifted his weight onto his left foot.
| to
Her eyes shifted to his face.

PHRASES

shift from foot to foot

2 change

ADV.

dramatically, markedly
The emphasis has shifted markedly in recent years.
| slightly | effectively | simply
We cannot simply shift the responsibility onto someone else.
| gradually, slowly | rapidly | suddenly | constantly, continually
constantly shifting alliances

VERB + SHIFT

attempt to, try to
trying to shift the blame onto the government
| tend to | begin to

PREP.

(away) from
I felt the advantage had suddenly shifted away from us.
| onto, to
His sympathies rapidly shifted to the side of the workers.
| towards
These changes will shift the balance in higher education more towards science subjects.



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