English - Vietnamese Dictionary
shift /ʃift/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- sự thay đổi vị trí, sự thay đổi tính tình; sự thăng trầm; sự luân phiên
- shift of crops: sự luân canh
- the shifts and changes of life: sự thăng trầm của cuộc sống
- ca, kíp
- to work in shift: làm theo ca
- lời thoái thác, lời quanh co, lời nước đôi
- (địa lý,địa chất) sự trượt nghiêng; tầng trượt nghiêng
- (ngôn ngữ học) sự thay đổi cách phát âm
- (âm nhạc) sự thay đổi vị trí bàn tay (trên phím đàn pianô)
- (thể dục,thể thao) sự di chuyển vị trí (của hàng hậu vệ bóng đá)
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) sự thay quần áo
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) áo sơ mi nữ
- to be at one's last shift
- to make [a] shift to
- tìm phương, tính kế, xoay xở (để làm làm gì)
- to make shift without something
- đành xoay xở vậy tuy thiếu cái gì
- động từ
- đổi chỗ, dời chỗ, di chuyển; thay
- to shift one's lodging: thay đổi chỗ ở
- to shift the scene: thay cảnh (trên sân khấu)
- wind shifts round to the East: gió chuyển hướng về phía đông
- ((thường) + off) trút bỏ, trút lên
- to shift off the responsibility: trút bỏ trách nhiệm; trút trách nhiệm (cho ai)
- dùng mưu mẹo, dùng mưu kế, xoay xở; xoay xở để kiếm sống
- (từ hiếm,nghĩa hiếm) nó quanh co, nói lập lờ, nói nước đôi
- sang (số) (ô tô)
- our new car shifts automatically: chiếc xe ô tô mới của chúng tôi sang số tự động
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) thay quần áo
- to shift one's ground
- thay đổi ý kiến lập trường (trong cuộc thảo luận)
+an event in which something is displaced without rotation
+a qualitative change
+the time period during which you are at work
+the act of changing one thing or position for another
+the act of moving from one place to another
+(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other
+a crew of workers who work for a specific period of time
+the key on the typewriter keyboard that shifts from lower-case letters to upper-case letters
+a woman's sleeveless undergarment
+a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
+make a shift in or exchange of
+change place or direction
+move very slightly
+move from one setting or context to another
+change in quality
+move and exchange for another
+move sideways or in an unsteady way
+use a shift key on a keyboard
+change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change
+lay aside, abandon, or leave for another
Advanced English Dictionary
1 move, change position; edge, budge, relocate, rearrange, transpose, switch:
Shift the picture slightly to the left. Marla shifted over closer to me on the bench. I almost broke my leg because you shifted the chair as I was about to sit on it.
2 Usually, shift for (oneself). manage, succeed, make do, look after, take care of, get or scrape by or along, fend for (oneself), make it, paddle one's own canoe:
Cyril prefers to live alone and shift for himself.
3 sell, market, move:
The object of advertising is to shift merchandise.
4 hours, stint, schedule; workforce, relay, crew, cadre, staff, workers, squad, team, corps, group, party, gang:
I prefer to work the morning shift. The night shift comes on at 1600
5 change, movement, switch, transfer, swerve, deflection, veer:
Owing to a wind shift, it became impossible to manoeuvre among the rocks
6 smock, chemise, muu-muu; caftan or kaftan:
A light cotton shift is the most comfortable thing to wear in such scorching weather.
verb, nounCollocation Dictionary
1 ~ (sth) (from ...) (to ...) to move, or move sth, from one position or place to another: [V] The action of the novel shifts from Paris to London. + Lydia shifted uncomfortably in her chair. + I shifted uneasily under his gaze. + [VN] He shifted his gaze from the child to her. + Could you help me shift some furniture? + She shifted her weight from one foot to the other.
2 [V, VN] ~ (yourself) (BrE, informal) to move quickly
situation / opinion / policy
3 [V] ~ (from ...) (to / towards / toward ...) (of a situation, an opinion, a policy etc.) to change from one state, position, etc. to another: Public attitudes towards marriage have shifted over the past 50 years. + The balance of power shifted away from workers towards employers. + Her sympathies gradually shifted to the side of the protesters.
4 [VN] ~ sth (from ...) (to / towards / toward ...) to change your opinion of or attitude towards sth, or change the way that you do sth: We need to shift the focus of this debate. + The new policy shifted the emphasis away from fighting inflation.
5 [VN] ~ responsibility / blame (for sth) (onto sb) to make sb else responsible for sth you should do or sth bad that you have done: He tried to shift the blame for his mistakes onto his colleagues.
6 [VN] to remove sth such as a dirty mark: a detergent that shifts even the most stubborn stains
7 [VN] to sell goods, especially goods that are difficult to sell: They cut prices drastically to try and shift stock.
8 [V] (AmE) to change the GEARS when you are driving a vehicle: to shift into second gear
Idioms: shift your ground (usually disapproving) to change your opinion about a subject, especially during a discussion
(the) shifting sands (of sth) used to describe a situation that changes so often that it is difficult to understand or deal with it
Phrasal Verbs: shift for yourself (BrE) to do things without help from other people: You're going to have to shift for yourself from now on.
1 [C] ~ (in sth) a change in position or direction: a gradual shift in the population away from the countryside to the towns + a dramatic shift in public opinion + a shift of emphasis
period of work
2 [C] a period of time worked by a group of workers who start work as another group finishes: to be on the day / night shift at the factory + to work an eight-hour shift + working in shifts + shift workers / work
See also - SWING SHIFT
3 [C+sing./pl. v.] the workers who work a particular shift: The night shift has / have just come off duty.
4 [U] the mechanism on a TYPEWRITER or computer keyboard that allows capital letters or a different set of characters to be typed: a shift key
5 [C] a woman's simple straight dress
6 [C] a simple straight piece of clothing worn by women in the past as underwear
distinct, dramatic, fundamental, major, marked, profound, pronounced, radical, significant, substantial | discernible | slight, subtle | gradual | abrupt, sudden | decisive, irreversible, long-term | climate, cultural, demographic, ideological, policy, population
VERB + SHIFT
These proposals represent a dramatic shift in policy.
| bring about, cause, lead to, produce, result in | mark, see
The moment marked a significant shift in attitudes to the war.
I detected a subtle shift towards our point of view.
one factor which may explain the president's policy shift
SHIFT + VERB
occur, take place
These climate shifts occurred over less than a decade.
the many shifts between verse and prose that occur in Shakespeare
| ~ (away) from
the shift away from direct taxation
| ~ in
a shift in public opinion
| ~ to
a sudden shift to the right in British politics
| ~ towards
a shift towards part-time farming
2 division of the working day
double, long, split
I agreed to work double shifts for a few weeks.
| day, early, late, night | eight-hour, ten-hour, etc. | afternoon, evening, morning, weekend
VERB + SHIFT
be/come/go on, do, work (in) ~s
I'm doing the early shift this week. I didn't realize that I'd have to work shifts. The clinic is staffed by ten doctors who work in shifts.
| change (your) ~s
It was 8.00 a.m. and the nurses were changing shifts. My husband has changed his shifts, from the afternoon shift to the night one.
| be/go/come off
SHIFT + NOUN
work | supervisor, manager, worker | pattern, system
They'd altered his shift pattern twice in the past fortnight.
on a/the ~
a decision for the chief nurse on each shift verb
Julie shifted her position slightly and smiled.
| impatiently, restlessly, uncomfortably, uneasily
She shifted uncomfortably in her chair.
She shifted her gaze away from the group of tourists.
He shifted his weight onto his left foot.
Her eyes shifted to his face.
shift from foot to foot
The emphasis has shifted markedly in recent years.
| slightly | effectively | simply
We cannot simply shift the responsibility onto someone else.
| gradually, slowly | rapidly | suddenly | constantly, continually
constantly shifting alliances
VERB + SHIFT
attempt to, try to
trying to shift the blame onto the government
| tend to | begin to
I felt the advantage had suddenly shifted away from us.
| onto, to
His sympathies rapidly shifted to the side of the workers.
These changes will shift the balance in higher education more towards science subjects.
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