Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
sentence /'sentəns/
  • danh từ
    • (ngôn ngữ học) câu
      • simple sentence: câu đơn
      • compound sentence: câu kép
    • sự tuyên án; án; (từ hiếm,nghĩa hiếm) lời phán quyết
      • sentence of death: án tử hình
      • under sentence of death: bị án tử hình
      • to pass a sentence of three month's imprisonment on someone: tuyên án người nào ba tháng tù
    • ý kiến (tán thành, chống đối)
      • our sentence is against war: ý kiến chúng ta là chống chiến tranh
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) châm ngôn
    • ngoại động từ
      • kết án, tuyên án
        • to sentence someone to a month's imprisonment: kết án ai một tháng tù
    Concise Dictionary
    sentences|sentenced|sentencing'sentns /'sentəns
    +a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language
    +(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed
    +the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned
    +pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
    Thesaurus Dictionary
    judgement, decision, ruling, verdict, decree, determination; punishment, Slang rap:
    It is up to the judge to announce the sentence of the court. Asked by his teacher for an example of a short sentence, Johnny replied, 'Thirty days'.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    1 [C] (grammar) a set of words expressing a statement, a question or an order, usually containing a subject and a verb. In written English sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop (.), a question mark (?) or an EXCLAMATION mark (!).
    2 [C, U] the punishment given by a court of law: a jail / prison sentence + a light / heavy sentence + to be under sentence of death + The judge passed sentence (= said what the punishment would be). + The prisoner has served (= completed) his sentence and will be released tomorrow.
    + verb [often passive] ~ sb (to sth) to say officially in a court of law that sb is to receive a particular punishment: [VN] to be sentenced to death / life imprisonment / three years in prison [also VN to inf]
    Collocation Dictionary

    1 group of words


    long, short
    Try to keep your sentences short.
    | complete, whole | broken, incomplete | grammatical, grammatically correct | grammatically incorrect, ungrammatical | coherent | affirmative, negative | complex, simple | compound


    begin | finish
    Peter finished Jane's sentence for her.
    | construct, form, formulate, generate, write
    He can barely form a grammatical sentence.
    | parse


    contain sth, have sth
    Does the sentence contain an adverb?



    2 punishment given by a judge


    maximum, minimum | long, short | harsh, heavy, severe, stiff | lenient, light | indefinite, indeterminate | appropriate | mandatory
    The judge imposed the mandatory sentence for murder.
    | suspended | custodial, jail, prison | non-custodial | death | life


    hand down, impose, pass, pronounce
    The judge will pass sentence on the accused this afternoon.
    | be given, get, receive | serve
    He will have to serve a life sentence.
    | carry out | await
    He spent a week in custody on remand awaiting sentence.
    | face
    She could face a long prison sentence.
    | commute, reduce
    The death sentence may be commuted to life imprisonment.
    | suspend | appeal against | review | quash | carry
    The offence carries a maximum sentence of two years in prison.


    under ~ (of)
    He has been in prison for two months under sentence of death.
    | ~ for
    an eight-year sentence for burglary



    They had been sentenced for murder.
    | to
    He was sentenced to two years in prison.


    sentence sb to death, sentence sb to imprisonment
    The judge sentenced her to life imprisonment.

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