Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
say
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
say /sei/
  • danh từ
    • (từ hiếm,nghĩa hiếm) vải chéo
    • lời nói, tiếng nói; dịp nói; quyền ăn nói (quyền tham gia quyết định về một vấn đề)
      • to say the lesson: đọc bài
      • to say grace: cầu kinh
      • to say no more: thôi nói, ngừng nói
      • to say something: nói một vài lời
    • tuyên bố; hứa hẹn; tiên đoán
      • the Declaration of Independence of the United State of America says that all men are created equal: bản tuyên ngôn độc lập của nước Mỹ tuyên bố tất cả mọi người sinh ra đều có quyền bình đẳng
      • you said you would do it: anh đã hứa anh sẽ làm việc đó
    • đồn
      • it is said that...; they said that...: người ta đồn rằng...
      • to hear say: nghe đồn
    • diễn đạt
      • that was very well said: diễn đạt như thế rất hay, nói cách như thế rất hay
    • viện ta làm lý lẽ; đưa làm chứng cớ
      • there is not much to be said on that side: bên phía bên kia không đưa ra được nhiều lý lẽ đâu
      • have you anything to say for yourself?: anh có điều gì để viện ra làm lý lẽ bênh vực cho mình không?
    • cho ý kiến về, quyết định về
      • there is no saying (it is hard to say) who will win: không thể (khó mà) cho biết ý kiến là ai sẽ thắng
      • what do you say to a walk?: anh cho biết ý kiến ta có nên đi chơi không?; ta đi chơi nào?
    • lấy, chọn (làm ví dụ)
      • let us say China: ta lấy Trung quốc làm ví dụ
  • nội động từ
    • that is to say tức là, nói một cách khác; hay là, ít nhất thì
      • North America, that is to say the USA and Canada: bắc châu Mỹ, tức là nước Mỹ và Ca-na-đa
    • to say on
      • tục nói
    • to say out
      • nói thật, nói hết
    • to say no
      • từ chối
    • to say yes
      • đồng ý
    • to say someone nay
      • (xem) nay
    • to say the word
      • ra lệnh nói lên ý muốn của mình
    • it goes without saying
      • (xem) go
    • you may well say so
      • điều anh nói hoàn toàn có căn cứ
Concise Dictionary
said|says|sayingseɪ
noun
+the chance to speak
verb
+express in words
+report or maintain
+express a supposition
+have or contain a certain wording or form
+state as one's opinion or judgement; declare
+utter aloud
+give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
+speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way
+recite or repeat a fixed text
+communicate or express nonverbally
+indicate

Thesaurus Dictionary
v.
1 state, affirm, declare, maintain, hold, aver, remark, assert, claim, asseverate, announce:
She said that I had to go at once, and I said, 'I shall never leave you!'
2 assert, allege, report, mention, rumour, reveal, bruit about, disclose, divulge, bring to light, put about, noise abroad, suggest, hint, whisper:
It was said that spies had already infiltrated the party.
3 pronounce, articulate, utter; phrase, rephrase, translate:
How do you say gemtlich? How do you say it in English?
4 tell, put, express, verbalize, communicate, explain, reveal, bring up, break, impart:
I don't quite know how to say this, Harry, but you have bad breath.
5 reply, respond, answer:
What have you to say to her allegation that it is all your fault?
6 guess, estimate, conjecture, venture, judge, imagine, believe, think:
I'd say you look about 60 years old.
7 mean or intend or try to say, think, contemplate, imply, suggest:
Are you saying that you would steal if you had the opportunity?
8 predict, prognosticate, foretell:
The newspaper says that shares will go down.
9 signify, denote, symbolize, communicate, indicate, convey, suggest, imply, mean:
What does a red light say to you?
10 order, require, demand, bid, stipulate, command, give the word:
If I say that you are to go, then you go - and quickly.
11 deliver, utter, speak:
Say your lines and exit stage left without waiting for a reply.
n.
12 voice, authority, influence, power, weight, sway, clout:
Does she have that much say about how the money should be spent?
13 turn, chance, opportunity, vote:
You've had your say, now let's hear from Ackroyd.
adv.
14 approximately, about, roughly, circa, nearly:
The snake was, say, twenty feet long.
15 for example, for instance, as or for an illustration, eg or US e.g.:
Take any novel, say, Wuthering Heights, and analyse the characters.
Advanced English Dictionary
verb, noun, exclamation
+ verb (says )
speak
1 ~ sth (to sb) to speak or tell sb sth, using words: [V speech] 'Hello!' she said. + 'That was marvellous,' said Daniel.
Help Note: In stories the subject often comes after said, says or say when it follows the actual words spoken, unless it is a pronoun. [VN] Be quiet, I have something to say. + She said nothing to me about it. + Having said that (= despite what I have just said), I agree with your other point. + He knew that if he wasn't back by midnight, his parents would have something to say about it (= be angry). + That's a terrible thing to say. + I didn't believe a word she said. + [V (that)] He said (that) his name was Sam. + [VN that] It is said that she lived to be over 100. + [V wh-] She finds it hard to say what she feels. + [V] I said to myself (= thought), 'That can't be right!' + 'That's impossible!' 'So you say (= but I think you may be wrong).' + 'Why can't I go out now?' 'Because I say so.' + 'What do you want it for?' 'I'd rather not say.' + [V to inf] He said to meet him here. + [VN to inf] He is said to have been a brilliant scholar.
Help Note: This pattern is only used in the passive.
repeat words
2 [VN] to repeat words, phrases, etc: to say a prayer + Try to say that line with more conviction.
express opinion
3 to express an opinion on sth: [VN] Say what you like (= although you disagree) about her, she's a fine singer. + I'll say this for them, they're a very efficient company. + Anna thinks I'm lazy-what do you say (= what is your opinion)? + [V (that)] I can't say I blame her for resigning (= I think she was right). + I say (= suggest) we go without them. + I wouldn't say they were rich (= in my opinion they are not rich). + That's not to say it's a bad movie (= it is good but it is not without faults). + [V wh-] It's hard to say what caused the accident. + [V] 'When will it be finished?' 'I couldn't say (= I don't know).'
give example
4 [no passive] to suggest or give sth as an example or a possibility: [VN] You could learn the basics in, let's say, three months. + Let's take any writer, say (= for example) Dickens ... + [V (that)] Say you lose your job:
what would you do then?

show thoughts / feelings
5 [VN] ~ sth (to sb) to make thoughts, feelings, etc. clear to sb by using words, looks, movements, etc: His angry glance said it all. + That says it all really, doesn't it? (= it shows clearly what is true) + Just what is the artist trying to say in her work?
give written information
6 [no passive] (of sth that is written or can be seen) to give particular information or instructions: [V speech] The notice said 'Keep Out'. + [VN] The clock said three o'clock. + [V (that)] The instructions say (that) we should leave it to set for four hours. + [V wh-] The book doesn't say where he was born. + [V to inf] The guidebook says to turn left.
Idioms: before you can say Jack Robinson (old-fashioned) very quickly; in a very short time
go without saying to be very obvious or easy to predict: Of course I'll help you. That goes without saying.
have something, nothing, etc. to say for yourself to be ready, unwilling, etc. to talk or give your views on sth: She doesn't have much to say for herself (= doesn't take part in conversation). + He had plenty to say for himself (= he had a lot of opinions and was willing to talk). + Late again-what have you got to say for yourself (= what is your excuse)?
I'll say! (old-fashioned, spoken) used to say 'yes' in a very forceful way: 'Does she see him often?' 'I'll say! Nearly every day.'
I must say (spoken) used to emphasize an opinion: Well, I must say, that's the funniest thing I've heard all week.
I say (old-fashioned, BrE, spoken)
1 used to express surprise, shock, etc: I say! What a huge cake!
2 used to attract sb's attention or introduce a new subject of conversation: I say, can you lend me five pounds?
it says a lot, very little, etc. for sb/sth (informal) it shows a good/bad quality that sb/sth has: It says a lot for her that she never lost her temper. + It didn't say much for their efficiency that the order arrived a week late.
I wouldn't say no (to sth) (spoken) used to say that you would like sth or to accept sth that is offered: I wouldn't say no to a pizza. + 'Tea, Brian?' 'I wouldn't say no.'
least said soonest mended (BrE, saying) a bad situation will pass or be forgotten most quickly if nothing more is said about it
the less / least said the better the best thing to do is say as little as possible about sth
never say die (saying) do not stop hoping
not say boo to a goose (BrE) (AmE not say boo to anyone) to be very shy or gentle: He's so nervous he wouldn't say boo to a goose.
not to say used to introduce a stronger way of describing sth: a difficult, not to say impossible, task
say cheese used to ask sb to smile before you take their photograph
say no (to sth) to refuse an offer, a suggestion, etc: If you don't invest in this, you're saying no to a potential fortune.
say no more (spoken) used to say that you understand exactly what sb means or is trying to say, so it is unnecessary to say anything more: 'They went to Paris together.' 'Say no more!'
say your piece to say exactly what you feel or think
say what? (AmE, spoken) used to express surprise at what sb has just said: 'He's getting married.' 'Say what?'
say when used to ask sb to tell you when you should stop pouring a drink or serving food for them because they have enough
that is to say in other words: three days from now, that is to say on Friday
that's not saying much used to say that sth is not very unusual or special: She's a better player than me, but that's not saying much (= because I am a very bad player).
there's no saying used to say that it is impossible to predict what might happen: There's no saying how he'll react.
there's something, not much, etc. to be said for sth / doing sth there are/are not good reasons for doing sth, believing sth or agreeing with sth
to say the least without exaggerating at all: I was surprised, to say the least.
to say nothing of sth used to introduce a further fact or thing in addition to those already mentioned
Synonym: NOT TO MENTION
It was too expensive, to say nothing of the time it wasted.
well said! (spoken) I agree completely: 'We must stand up for ourselves.' 'Well said, John.'
what do / would you say (to sth / doing sth) (spoken) would you like sth/to do sth?: What do you say to eating out tonight? + Let's go away for a weekend. What do you say?
what / whatever sb says, goes (informal, often humorous) a particular person must be obeyed: Sarah wanted the kitchen painted green, and what she says, goes.
whatever you say (spoken) used to agree to sb's suggestion because you do not want to argue
when all is said and done when everything is considered: I know you're upset, but when all's said and done it isn't exactly a disaster.
who can say ( ...)? (spoken) used to say that nobody knows the answer to a question: Who can say what will happen next year?
who says ( ...)? (spoken) used to disagree with a statement or an opinion: Who says I can't do it?
who's to say ( ...)? (spoken) used to say that sth might happen or might have happened in a particular way, because nobody really knows: Who's to say we would not have succeeded if we'd had more time?
you can say that again (spoken) I agree with you completely: 'He's in a bad mood today.' 'You can say that again!'
you can't say fairer (than that) (BrE, spoken) used to say that you think the offer you are making is reasonable or generous: Look, I'll give you £100 for it. I can't say fairer than that.
you don't say! (spoken, often ironic) used to express surprise: 'They left without us.' 'You don't say!' (= I'm not surprised)
you said it! (spoken)
1 (BrE) used to agree with sb when they say sth about themselves that you would not have been rude enough to say yourself: 'I know I'm not the world's greatest cook.' 'You said it!'
2 (AmE) used to agree with sb's suggestion
more at DARE v., EASY adj., ENOUGH pron., GLAD, LET v., MEAN v., MIND v., NEEDLESS, RECORD n., SOON, SORRY adj., SUFFICE, WORD n.
+ noun [sing., U] ~ (in sth) the right to influence sth by giving your opinion before a decision is made: We had no say in the decision to sell the company. + People want a greater say in local government. + The judge has the final say on the sentence.
Idioms: have your say (informal) to have the opportunity to express yourself fully about sth: She won't be happy until she's had her say.
See also - SAY YOUR PIECE
+ exclamation (AmE, informal)
1 used for showing surprise or pleasure: Say, that's a nice haircut!
2 used for attracting sb's attention or for making a suggestion or comment: Say, how about going to a movie tonight?
WHICH WORD?

say / tell
Say never has a person as the object. You say something or say something to somebody. Say is often used when you are giving somebody's exact words: 'Sit down', she said. + Anne said, 'I'm tired.' + Anne said (that) she was tired. + What did he say to you? You cannot use 'say about', but you can say something about:
I want to say something /a few words / a little about my family. Say can also be used with a clause when the person you are talking to is not mentioned:
She didn't say what she intended to do.

Tell usually has a person as the object and often has two objects: Have you told him the news yet? It is often used with 'that' clauses:
Anne told me (that) she was tired. Tell is usually when somebody is giving facts or information, often with what, where, etc.:
Can you tell me when the movie starts? (BUT:
Can you give me some information about the school?) Tell is also used when you are giving somebody instructions:
The doctor told me to stay in bed. + The doctor told me (that) I had to stay in bed. OR The doctor said (that) I had to stay in bed. NOT The doctor said me to stay in bed.
Collocation Dictionary
verb

ADV.

aloud, out loud | loudly | gently, quietly, softly | gruffly, huskily, thickly | at once | at last, at length, finally | again, repeatedly | simply
‘I am home, ’ he said simply.
| hastily, hurriedly, promptly, quickly | slowly | steadily | abruptly, suddenly | briskly, curtly, shortly, tersely | angrily, bitterly, crossly, fiercely, furiously, sharply
‘I don't know,’ she said crossly.
| bluntly, flatly | firmly | harshly, sternly | brightly, cheerfully, happily | miserably, sadly | gravely, grimly, seriously, solemnly | airily, casually, easily, lightly, smoothly
‘There's nothing wrong with him, ’ she said airily.
| stiffly, tightly | proudly | carefully, thoughtfully | conversationally | calmly, evenly, mildly | patiently | impatiently | ungraciously | politely | soothingly | apologetically | awkwardly, lamely | drily, tartly | coldly, coolly, icily | breathlessly | absently, vaguely | honestly, truthfully
Can you honestly say you're sorry?

VERB + SAY

be about to, be going to
I've forgotten what I was going to say.
| hasten to | long to, want to
I want to say how much we have all enjoyed this evening.
| hate to
I hate to say it, but I think Stephen may be right.
| dare (to)
I dared not say a word about it to anyone.
| suffice (it) to
Suffice it to say, I refused to get involved.
| be fair to
It is fair to say a considerable amount of effort went into the project.
| be untrue to | have nothing to, have something to
Be quiet, I have something to say.
| hear sb, overhear sb
I heard him say they were leaving tomorrow.

PREP.

about
Do you have anything to say about this?
| to
That's not what he said to me.

PHRASES

be quoted as saying sth
The minister was quoted as saying that the government would do whatever was necessary to restore order.
| a thing to say
That was a very cruel thing to say.



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