Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
rule
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
rule /ru:l/
  • danh từ
    • phép tắc, quy tắc, nguyên tắc; quy luật; điều lệ, luật lệ
      • the rule of the road: luật đi đường
      • standing rules: điều lệ hiện hành (của một hội, công ty...)
      • grammar rules: những quy tắc ngữ pháp
    • thói quen, lệ thường
      • as a rule: theo thói quen, theo lệ thường
      • by rule of thumb: theo kinh nghiệm
      • to make it a rule to gets up early: đặt thành cái lệ dậy sớm
    • quyền lực
    • sự thống trị
      • under the rule of...: dưới sự thống trị cử...
    • thước (có) chia độ (của thợ mộc)
    • (pháp lý) quyết định của toà án; lệnh của toà án
    • (ngành in) thước (để) ngăn dòng; filê, cái gạch đầu dòng
      • em rule: gạch đầu dòng
      • en rule: gạch ngắn, gạch nối
    • to do things by rule
      • làm việc theo nguyên tắc, làm việc có phương pháp
    • by rule and line
      • rất đúng, rất chính xác
    • gag rule
      • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) chính sách khoá miệng không cho tự do ngôn luận
    • the golden rule
      • (xem) golden
    • hard and fast rule
      • nguyên tắc cứng rắn, nguyên tắc bất di bất dịch
    • out of rule
      • trái quy tắc, sai nguyên tắc
    • there is no rule without an exception
      • không có nguyên tắc nào là không có ngoại lệ
  • ngoại động từ
    • cai trị, trị vì, thống trị; chỉ huy, điều khiển
      • to rule a nation: thống trị một nước
    • kiềm chế, chế ngự
      • to rule one's passions: kiềm chế dục vọng
    • ((thường) dạng bị động) chỉ dẫn, hướng dẫn, khuyên bảo
      • to be ruled by someone: theo sự hướng dẫn của ai, theo lời khuyên của ai
    • (pháp lý) quyết định, ra lệnh
    • kẻ (giấy) bằng thước
    • nội động từ
      • cai trị, trị vì, thống trị, cầm quyền
        • to rule over a nation: thống trị một nước
        • to rule by love: lấy đức mà cai trị
      • thể hiện (ở một mức nào đó, ở một trạng thái nào đó)
        • prices rule high: giá cả lên cao
        • crops rule good: mùa màng tốt
      • to ruke off
        • (thương nghiệp) đóng sổ, kết toán
      • to rule out
        • loại trừ, bác bỏ
      • to rule the roast (roots)
        • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) làm bá chủ hoành hành, làm vương làng tướng
      • to rule with a heavy (high) hand
        • to rule with a rod of iron
          • thống trị bằng bàn tay sắt, độc tài, độc đoán
    Concise Dictionary
    rules|ruled|rulingruːl
    noun
    +a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior
    +something regarded as a normative example
    +prescribed guide for conduct or action
    +(linguistics) a rule describing (or prescribing) a linguistic practice
    +a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct
    +a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system
    +the duration of a monarch's or government's power
    +dominance or power through legal authority
    +directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted
    +any one of a systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order
    +(mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems
    +measuring stick consisting of a strip of wood or metal or plastic with a straight edge that is used for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths
    verb
    +exercise authority over; as of nations
    +decide with authority
    +be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance
    +decide on and make a declaration about
    +have an affinity with; of signs of the zodiac
    +mark or draw with a ruler
    +keep in check

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    n.
    1 regulation, order, law, ordinance, ruling, decree, ukase, statute, principle, direction, guide, guideline, precept:
    We go by the Golden Rule here, Jim, 'Do unto others before they do unto you'
    2 dominion, authority, control, sovereignty, sway, command, ascendancy, direction, oversight, supervision, mastery:
    How could such a despised monarch maintain rule over a people for so long?
    3 fact, standard, customs, practice, form, routine, convention, policy, way things are:
    Honesty and integrity among our students are the rule rather than the exception
    4 as a rule. generally, usually, normally, customarily, for the most part, mostly, ordinarily, mainly, in the main, chiefly, on the whole, commonly, more often than not:
    As a rule, we require payment in advance.
    v.
    5 Sometimes, rule over. reign (over), govern, be in control or charge or command (of or over), be in power (over), hold sway (over), wield the sceptre, wear the crown, run; prevail, hold sway, dominate, predominate, control:
    The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world. Supposedly, the majority rules in a democracy
    6 direct, guide, manage, control, lead, head (up), preside (over), superintend, oversee, supervise, regulate, govern, run:
    The company is ruled by a committee made up of employees and directors.
    7 decide, judge, hand down a judgement or decision, decree, deem, resolve, settle, determine, find, declare, pronounce:
    The referee ruled that Jones had committed a foul.
    8 rule out. ban, bar, prohibit, exclude, eliminate, forbid, preclude, proscribe, negate, dismiss, disregard, bypass, ignore, overlook:
    The programme committee ruled out Birmingham as the site of next year's conference.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    of activity / game
    1 [C] a statement of what may, must or must not be done in a particular situation or when playing a game: to follow / obey / observe the rules + It's against all rules and regulations. + to break a rule (= not follow it) + This explains the rules under which the library operates. + Without unwritten rules civilized life would be impossible. + Normal competition rules apply. + She laid down strict rules for her tenants including prompt payment of rent.
    See also - GROUND RULE
    advice
    2 [C] a statement of what you are advised to do in a particular situation: There are no hard and fast rules for planning healthy meals. + The first rule is to make eye contact with your interviewer.
    See also - GOLDEN RULE
    habit / normally true
    3 [C, usually sing.] a habit; the normal state of things; what is true in most cases: He makes it a rule never to borrow money. + I go to bed early as a rule. + Cold winters here are the exception rather than the rule (= are rare). + As a general rule vegetable oils are better for you than animal fats.
    of system
    4 [C] a statement of what is possible according to a particular system, for example the grammar of a language: the rules of grammar
    government / control
    5 [U] the government of a country or control of a group of people by a particular person, group or system: under Communist / colonial British / civilian / military rule + majority rule (= government by the political party that most people have voted for) + The 1972 act imposed direct rule from Westminster.
    See also - HOME RULE
    measuring tool
    6 [C] a measuring instrument with a straight edge
    See also - SLIDE RULE
    Idioms: bend / stretch the rules to change the rules to suit a particular person or situation
    play by sb's (own) rules if sb plays by their own rules or makes other people play by their rules, they set the conditions for doing business or having a relationship
    play by the rules to deal fairly and honestly with people
    the rules of the game the standards of behaviour that most people accept or that actually operate in a particular area of life or business
    the rule of law the condition in which all members of society, including its rulers, accept the authority of the law: Democracy and the rule of law are yet to be firmly established in the country.
    a rule of thumb a practical method of doing or measuring sth, usually based on past experience rather than on exact measurement: As a rule of thumb, you should cook a chicken for 20 minutes for each pound of weight.
    work to rule to follow the rules of your job in a very strict way in order to cause delay, as a form of protest against your employer or your working conditions
    See also - WORK-TO-RULE
    more at EXCEPTION
    + verb
    govern / control
    1 ~ (over sb/sth) to control and have authority over a country, a group of people, etc: [VN] At that time John ruled England. + The family ruled London's gangland in the sixties. + (figurative) Eighty million years ago, dinosaurs ruled the earth. + [V] Charles I ruled for eleven years. + She once ruled over a vast empire. + (figurative) After the revolution, anarchy ruled.
    2 [VN] [often passive] (often disapproving) to be the main thing that influences and controls sb/sth: The pursuit of money ruled his life. + We live in a society where we are ruled by the clock.
    give official decision
    3 ~ (on sth) to give an official decision about sth: [V] The court will rule on the legality of the action. + The judge ruled against / in favour of the plaintiff. + [VN-ADJ] The deal may be ruled illegal. + The defendant was ruled not guilty. + [V that] The court ruled that the women were unfairly dismissed. [also VN to inf, VN that]
    draw straight line
    4 to draw a straight line using sth that has a firm straight edge: Rule a line at the end of every piece of work.
    Idioms: rule the roost (informal) to be the most powerful member of a group: Liverpool ruled the roost in English football for a decade.
    rule (sb/sth) with a rod of iron to control a person or a group of people very severely
    more at COURT n., DIVIDE v., HEART
    Phrasal Verbs: rule off
    rule sth<->off to separate sth from the next section of writing by drawing a line underneath it
    rule sb/sth<->out
    1 ~ (as sth) to state that sth is not possible or that sb/sth is not suitable
    Synonym: EXCLUDE
    Police have not ruled out the possibility that the man was murdered. + The proposed solution was ruled out as too expensive.
    2 to prevent sb from doing sth; to prevent sth from happening: His age effectively ruled him out as a possible candidate.
    rule sb out of sth [usually passive] (in sport) to state that a player or competitor will not be able to take part in a sporting event; to prevent a player from taking part: Owen has been ruled out of tonight's match with a knee injury.
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 what you can or cannot do, say, etc.

    ADJ.

    basic, cardinal, first, fundamental, golden | ground ~s
    You and your flatmates should establish some ground rules.
    | general | formal, official, written | informal, unwritten | rigid, strict, stringent | absolute, hard and fast
    There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to choosing a typeface.
    | clear | simple
    Follow these few simple rules, and you won't go far wrong.
    | arbitrary | petty
    He made his children's lives a misery with all his petty rules.
    | club, company, competition, school, union, etc. | cultural, ethical, legal, moral, social | disciplinary, immigration, safety, tax | grammar, grammatical

    QUANT.

    set
    The aim is to get each member country to adhere to a single set of rules.

    VERB + RULE

    draw up, establish, formulate, impose, issue, lay down, make, set out | abide by, adhere to, follow, go by, obey, observe, play by, stick to
    If he wanted a loan he would have to play by the bank's rules.
    | be in line with, conform to
    The packaging does not conform to EU rules.
    | be in breach of, break, disregard, fall foul of, flout, violate
    Their action was in breach of Stock Exchange rules.
    | apply, enforce
    The referee applied the rules to the letter (= very strictly).
    | bend, relax
    Couldn't they just bend the rules and let us in without a ticket?
    | waive | tighten up
    The rules on claiming sickness benefit have been tightened up.
    | be bound by, be fettered by, be governed by
    Social workers are bound by rules of confidentiality.
    | interpret, understand
    The punishment depends on how the umpire interprets the rules.

    RULE + VERB

    apply, be applicable, operate | provide sth, say sth, state sth, stipulate sth
    The competition rules provide that a cash alternative may be given.
    | govern sth
    the rules governing the importing of livestock
    | allow (for) sth, permit sth
    The existing rules allow for some flexibility.
    | forbid sth, prohibit sth | limit sth, restrict sth
    rules limitingimports

    RULE + NOUN

    book
    The officialswent strictly by the rule book.

    PREP.

    according to the ~s
    According to the rules, no alcohol can be consumed on the premises.
    | against/contrary to the ~s
    Tackling a player without the ball is against the rules.
    | in accordance with the ~s
    The music was turned off at midnight, in accordance with the rules.
    | outside the ~s
    behaviour which is outside the rules
    | under a/the ~
    Under this rule, only full members of the club are entitled to vote.
    | within the ~s
    I believed I was acting within the rules.
    | ~ about/concerning/on/regarding/relating to
    What are the school rules about dress?
    | ~ for
    There seems to be one rule for the rich and another for the poor. What is the rule for forming plurals?
    | ~ of
    the rules of the game

    PHRASES

    a breach/violation of the rules, a body/code/network/system of rules, respect for the rules, rules and regulations

    2 what is usual

    ADJ.

    general
    There are fewexceptions to the general rule thatshops close at six o'clock.

    PREP.

    as a ~
    As a rule, hardlyanybody uses this road.

    PHRASES

    be the rule
    Among herfriends, casual dress and a relaxedmanner are the rule.

    3 government

    ADJ.

    authoritarian, harsh | direct, indirect | emergency
    Thepresident imposed emergency rulefollowing the riots.
    | majority | one-party | Labour, Tory, etc. | colonial | home | civilian, military | presidential | mob
    thelawless days of mob rule

    VERB + RULE

    impose

    PREP.

    under … ~
    The countryremained under direct rule by theoccupying powers.

    PHRASES

    the rule of law
    a societybased on the rule of law



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