Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
rub /rʌb/
  • danh từ
    • sự cọ xát, sự chà xát
    • sự lau, sự chải
      • to give the horse a good rub: chải thật kỹ con ngựa
    • (thể dục,thể thao) chỗ đất gồ ghề (làm chệch quả cầu lăn)
    • sự khó khăn, sự cản trở
      • there's the rub: khó khăn là ở chỗ đó
    • đá mài ((cũng) rub stone)
    • ngoại động từ
      • cọ xát, chà xát; xoa, xoa bóp
        • rub something dry: chà xát cái gì cho khô đi
        • to rub one's hands [together]: xoa tay
        • to rub oil into someone: xoa bóp dầu cho ai
      • lau, lau bóng, đánh bóng
      • xát mạnh lên giấy can để nổi bật (hình vẽ...)
      • nghiền, tán
        • to rub something to power: nghiền cái gì thành bột
    • nội động từ
      • cọ, chà xát
      • mòn rách, xơ ra (quần áo...), xước (da)
      • (thể dục,thể thao) chệch đi vì lăn vào chỗ gồ ghề (quả cầu lăn)
      • to rub along
        • len lỏi qua được; lách lên một cách khó khăn
      • giải quyết được khó khăn, xoay xở được
        • to manage to rub along: tìm cách xoay xở được
      • sống tương đối hoà thuận với nhau; thông cảm với nhau
        • they rub along together: họ sống thông cảm với nhau (tương đối hoà thuận với nhau)
      • to rub away
        • cọ mòn, cọ xơ ra
      • xoa bóp cho hết (đau)
      • xoá sạch, lau sạch, chùi sạch, tẩy sạch
      • to rub down
        • chà xát; chải (mình ngựa)
      • xoa bóp; lau mình (sau khi tắm)
      • mài nhẵn, đánh nhẵn
      • to rub in (into)
        • xoa bóp cho thấm (dầu cao, thuốc bóp...)
      • (nghĩa bóng) nhồi nhét vào, bức ép; nhấn mạnh, nói đi nói lại
        • the lesson needs rubbing in: bài náy bắt buộc phải học thuộc
        • don't rub it in: đừng nhắc đi nhắc lại chuyện đó
      • to rub off
        • lau sạch, chùi sạch, xoá sạch, tẩy sạch
      • làm sầy, làm xước
        • to rub one's skin off: làm xước da
      • to rub out
        • to rub off
          • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) khử, thủ tiêu, giết
        • to be rubbed out by the gangsters: bị bọn cướp thủ tiêu đi
        • to rub through
          • xát qua (một cái sàng, cái rây)
        • to rub up
          • lau bóng, đánh bóng
        • ôn luyện lại, làm nhớ lại
          • to rub up one's memory: nhớ lại
          • to rub up one's English: ôn luyện lại tiếng Anh
        • nghiền nhỏ rồi trộn (sôcôla, bột màu...) bánh thánh
        • to rub elbows with someone
          • (xem) elbow
        • to rub somebody up the wrong way
          • làm trái ý ai, chọc tức ai
    Concise Dictionary
    +an unforeseen obstacle
    +the act of rubbing or wiping
    +move over something with pressure
    +cause friction
    +scrape or rub as if to relieve itching

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 massage, knead, stroke; scour, scrub, scrape, abrade, chafe, clean; wipe, smooth, polish, shine, buff, burnish:
    Rub my back, would you? - Not there, a little lower down. You are not supposed to rub those plastic baths with abrasive cleansers. Before the guests arrived, we rubbed the silver till you could see yourself in it
    2 rub in or on. apply, smooth, smear, spread, put:
    The ache may be relieved a bit if you rub on some liniment.
    3 rub (it or something) in. emphasize, stress, make an issue of, harp on, reiterate, dwell on, hammer away, dramatize:
    It's bad enough that Caroline did better than I did - you don't have to keep rubbing it in
    4 rub off or out. expunge, erase, remove, delete, cancel, eliminate, eradicate:
    It's a pity, Peter, that you rubbed out the right reply and wrote in the wrong one. The boys were released on the condition that they would rub the graffiti off the wall
    5 rub off (on). affect, be transferred (to), be communicated or transmitted (to), be passed on or along (to), be imparted to:
    Your mother and I had hoped that some of our love of music might have rubbed off on you
    6 rub out. murder, kill, execute, slay:
    The Godfather ordered all witnesses to be rubbed out.
    7 rub shoulders with. rub elbows with, associate with, socialize with, mix with, fraternize with, keep company with, consort with, Colloq US run or pal or chum around with:
    Since getting his knighthood Charles no longer rubs shoulders with the likes of us
    8 rub (someone) (up) the wrong way. annoy, irritate, irk, anger, provoke, go against the grain, Colloq bug, get under one's or someone's skin, peeve:
    I don't know what it is about Underbridge, but every time we meet he manages to rub me up the wrong way.
    9 wipe, stroke, rubbing:
    You will have to give that stain a good rub to make it come out.
    10 massage, rub-down:
    After exercising, Jane always has an alcohol rub.
    11 the rub. the or a catch or hitch or snag or hindrance or set-back, the or an obstacle or impediment, the or a difficulty or problem or trouble:
    The only rub I can see is that Warren may not agree to resign.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    verb, noun
    + verb
    1 ~ sth (with sth) to move your hand, or sth such as a cloth, backwards and forwards over a surface while pressing firmly: [VN] She rubbed her chin thoughtfully. + Rub the surface with sandpaper before painting. + The cat rubbed itself against my legs. + I rubbed a clear patch on the window with my fingers. + He rubbed a hand wearily over his eyes. + [V] I rubbed at the stain on the cloth. + Animals had been rubbing against the trees. + [VN-ADJ] Rub the surface smooth. + She rubbed her hair dry quickly with a towel.
    2 ~ (sth) (together) to press two surfaces against each other and move them backwards and forwards; to be pressed together and move in this way: [VN] She rubbed her hands in delight. + In some cultures, people traditionally greet each other by rubbing noses. + [V] It sounded like two pieces of wood rubbing together.
    3 ~ (on / against sth) (of a surface) to move backwards and forwards many times against sth while pressing it, especially causing pain or damage: [V] The back of my shoe is rubbing. + The wheel is rubbing on the mudguard. + [VN-ADJ] The horse's neck was rubbed raw (= until the skin came off) where the rope had been. [also VN]
    4 [VN +adv./prep.] to spread a liquid or other substance over a surface while pressing firmly: She rubbed the lotion into her skin. + Rub salt over the fish before cooking.
    Idioms: rub sb's nose in it (informal) to keep reminding sb in an unkind way of their past mistakes
    rub salt into the wound
    rub salt into sb's wounds to make a difficult experience even more difficult for sb
    rub shoulders with sb (AmE also rub elbows with sb) to meet and spend time with a famous person, socially or as part of your job: He's rubbing shoulders with stars all the time.
    rub sb up the wrong way (BrE) (AmE rub sb the wrong way) (informal) to make sb annoyed or angry, often without intending to, by doing or saying sth that offends them: She tends to rub people up the wrong way.
    more at TWO
    Phrasal Verbs: rub along (with sb / together) (BrE, informal) (of two people) to live or work together in a satisfactory way: We manage to rub along together fairly well.
    rub sb / oneself / sth<->down to rub the skin of a person, horse, etc. hard with sth to make it clean and dry: I came out of the water and rubbed myself down with a towel.
    rub sth<->down to make sth smooth by rubbing it with a special material: Rub the wood down well with fine sandpaper before painting.
    rub it in
    rub sth in [no passive] to keep reminding sb of sth they feel embarrassed about and want to forget: I know I was stupid; you don't have to rub it in.
    rub off (on / onto sb) (of personal qualities, behaviour, opinions, etc.) to become part of a person's character as a result of that person spending time with sb who has those qualities, etc: Her sense of fun has rubbed off on her children. + Let's hope some of his good luck rubs off on me!
    rub sth<->off (sth)
    rub off to remove sth or to be removed by rubbing: She rubbed off the dead skin. + The gold colouring had begun to rub off. + (BrE) If you write on the blackboard, rub it off at the end of the lesson.
    rub sb<->out (AmE, slang) to murder sb
    rub sth<->out (BrE) (also erase AmE, BrE) to remove the marks made by a pencil, etc., using a RUBBER: to rub out a mistake / word / drawing
    + noun
    1 [C, usually sing.] an act of rubbing a surface: She gave her knee a quick rub.
    2 (the rub) [sing.] (formal or humorous) a problem or difficulty: The hotel is in the middle of nowhere and there lies the rub. We don't have a car.
    Collocation Dictionary


    briskly, hard, vigorously
    He rubbed his face briskly with the towel.
    | well
    Put a little cream onto each hand and rub it in well.
    | gently, lightly
    He gently rubbed his swollen nose.
    | thoughtfully
    She rubbed her chin thoughtfully.
    | wearily
    Corbett rubbed his eyes wearily.
    | in, together
    He began to rub his hands together in glee.

    VERB + RUB

    begin to


    The cat rubbed against my legs.
    | at
    She stood up, rubbing at her back.
    | into
    Rub the cream well into your skin.
    | on
    She rubbed her hands on her apron.
    | with
    I rubbed my glasses with my handkerchief.

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