Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
root
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
root /ru:t/
  • danh từ
    • rễ (cây)
      • to take root; to strike root: bén rễ
      • to pull up by the roots: nhổ cả rễ ((nghĩa đen) & (nghĩa bóng))
    • cây con cả rễ (để đem trồng)
    • ((thường) số nhiều) các cây có củ (cà rốt, củ cải...)
    • chăn, gốc
      • the root of a mountain: chân núi
      • the root of a tooth: chân răng
    • căn nguyên, gốc rễ, nguồn gốc, căn bản, thực chất
      • to get at (to) the root of the matter: nắm được thực chất của vấn đề
      • the root of all evils: nguồn gốc của mọi sự xấu xa
    • (toán học) căn; nghiệm
      • real root: nghiệm thực
      • square (second) root: căn bậc hai
    • (ngôn ngữ học) gốc từ
    • (âm nhạc) nốt cơ bản
    • (kinh thánh) con cháu
    • to blush to the roots of one's hair
      • thẹn đỏ cả mặt; mặt đỏ tía tai
    • roof and branch
      • hoàn toàn, triệt để
    • to destroy root and branch: phá huỷ hoàn toàn
    • to lay the axe to the root of
      • đào tận gốc (cây); phá huỷ đi, trừ tận gốc (cái gì)
    • to strike at the root of something
      • (xem) strike
  • ngoại động từ
    • làm bén rễ, làm bắt rễ (cây...)
    • (nghĩa bóng) làm ăn sâu vào, làm cắm chặt vào
      • terror rooted him to the spot: sự khiếp sợ làm cho anh ta đứng chôn chân tại chỗ
      • strength rooted in unity: sức mạnh xây dựng trên sự đoàn kết
    • (+ up, out...) nhổ bật rễ; trừ tận gốc, làm tiệt nọc
    • nội động từ
      • bén rễ, ăn sâu vào ((nghĩa đen) & (nghĩa bóng))
      • động từ+ (rout) /raut/
        • (như) rootle
        • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ), (từ lóng) tích cực ủng hộ, reo hò cổ vũ
          • to root for a candidate: tích cực ủng hộ một ứng cử viên
          • to root for one's team: (thể dục,thể thao) reo hò cổ vũ đội mình
      Concise Dictionary
      roots|rooted|rootingruːt
      noun
      +(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
      +(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed
      +the place where something begins, where it springs into being
      +a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number
      +the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation
      +someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
      +a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
      +the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
      verb
      +take root and begin to grow
      +come into existence, originate
      +plant by the roots
      +dig with the snout
      +take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for
      +become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style
      +cause to take roots

      Thesaurus Dictionary
      I n.
      1 base, basis, foundation, source, seat, cause, fountain-head, origin, fount, well-spring:
      Love of money is the root of all evil.
      2 rootstock, rootstalk, tap root, rootlet; tuber; Technical radix, radicle, radicel, rhizome, rhizomorph:
      When transplanting seedlings, special care should be taken not to damage the roots
      3 root and branch. radically, completely, utterly, entirely, wholly, totally:
      The Romans sought to destroy Carthage root and branch.
      4 roots. origins, heritage, family, lineage, house, antecedents, forefathers, foremothers, descent, genealogy, family tree, forebears, ancestors, predecessors, stock, pedigree; birthplace, motherland, fatherland, native land or country or soil, cradle:
      Carlotta spent years tracing her roots to ancient Rome. The roots of civilization first appeared in Mesopotamia
      5 take root. become set or established or settled, germinate, sprout, grow, develop, thrive, burgeon, flourish, spread:
      Good work habits should take root at an early age; then they will last a lifetime.
      v.
      6 plant, set, establish, found, fix, settle, embed or imbed; entrench, anchor:
      The cuttings failed to grow because they were not properly rooted. Hilary's fear of heights is rooted in a childhood fall from a tree
      7 root out.
      (a) Sometimes, root up. uproot, eradicate, eliminate, destroy, extirpate, exterminate:
      Any subversives in the organization must be rooted out.
      (b) find, uncover, discover, dig up or out, unearth, turn up, bring to light:
      The survey of accounts is aimed at rooting out customers who are slow in paying.
      v.
      rootle, forage, dig, pry, nose, poke, ferret, burrow, rummage, delve, search, ransack:
      Harvey has been rooting about in the garage looking for his tennis racket.
      II v.
      Usually, root for. cheer (for), applaud (for); boost, support, encourage, urge on:
      I'm rooting for our side to win.
      Advanced English Dictionary
      noun, verb
      + noun
      of plant
      1 [C] the part of a plant that grows under the ground and absorbs water and minerals that it sends to the rest of the plant: deep spreading roots + I pulled the plant up by (= including) the roots. + Tree roots can cause damage to buildings. + root crops / vegetables (= plants whose roots you can eat, such as carrots)
      See also - GRASS ROOTS, TAPROOT
      of hair / tooth / nail
      2 [C] the part of a hair, tooth, nail or tongue that attaches it to the rest of the body: hair that is blonde at the ends and dark at the roots
      main cause of problem
      3 [C, usually sing.] the main cause of sth, such as a problem or difficult situation: Money, or love of money, is said to be the root of all evil. + We have to get to the root of the problem. + What lies at the root of his troubles is a sense of insecurity. + What would you say was the root cause of the problem?
      origin
      4 [C, usually pl.] the origin or basis of sth: Flamenco has its roots in Arabic music.
      connection with place
      5 (roots) [pl.] the feelings or connections that you have with a place because you have lived there or your family came from there: I'm proud of my Italian roots. + After 20 years in America, I still feel my roots are in England.
      of word
      6 [C] (linguistics) the part of a word that has the main meaning and that its other forms are based on; a word that other words are formed from: 'Walk' is the root of 'walks', 'walked', 'walking' and 'walker'.
      mathematics
      7 [C] a quantity which, when multiplied by itself a particular number of times, produces another quantity
      See also - CUBE ROOT, SQUARE ROOT
      Idioms: put down roots
      1 (of a plant) to develop roots
      2 to settle and live in one place: After ten years travelling the world, she felt it was time to put down roots somewhere.
      root and branch thoroughly and completely: The government set out to destroy the organization root and branch. + root-and-branch reforms
      take root
      1 (of a plant) to develop roots
      2 (of an idea) to become accepted widely: Fortunately, militarism failed to take root in Europe as a whole.
      + verb
      of plants
      1 [V, VN] to grow roots; to make or encourage a plant to grow roots
      search
      2 [V +adv./prep.] ~ (about / around) for sth
      ~ (through sth) (for sth) to search for sth by moving things or turning things over: pigs rooting for food + 'It must be here somewhere,' she said, rooting through the suitcase. + Who's been rooting around in my desk? + Cats had been rooting in the garbage bags again.
      Phrasal Verbs: root for sb/sth [no passive] (usually used in the progressive tenses) (informal) to support or encourage sb in a sports competition or when they are in a difficult situation: We're rooting for the Bulls. + Good luck-I'm rooting for you!
      root sth/sb<->out
      1 to find the person or thing that is causing a problem and remove or get rid of them: We need to root out corruption at all levels. + The principal promised to root out the troublemakers.
      2 to find sb/sth after searching for a long time: I'll root out the photo for you.
      root sb to sth to make sb unable to move because of fear, shock, etc: Embarrassment rooted her to the spot.
      root sth<->up to dig or pull up a plant with its roots
      Collocation Dictionary
      noun

      1 of a plant

      ADJ.

      deep, shallow | gnarled

      ROOT + VERB

      develop, grow | put down, take
      I hope those cuttings will take root.

      ROOT + NOUN

      system | crops, vegetables

      PREP.

      by its/the ~s
      She pulled the shrub out by its roots.

      2 roots: place where you feel you belong

      ADJ.

      humble
      Despite his wealth, he never forgot his humble roots.
      | cultural
      severed from our cultural roots by industrialization
      | middle-class, peasant, working-class | French, Scottish, etc.

      VERB + ROOT

      get/go back to, return to
      My husband wants to go back to his Irish roots.
      | trace
      They can trace their roots back to the sixteenth century.
      | put down
      We haven't been here long enough to put down roots.
      | cut yourself off from

      3 cause/source

      ADJ.

      deep | very | common
      The two languages share a common root.
      | historical

      VERB + ROOT

      have | get at/to, go to
      I've spent months trying to get to the root of the problem.
      | lie at

      ROOT + NOUN

      cause

      PREP.

      at (the ~ of)
      It is a moral question at root. His fears of loneliness lay at the very root of his inability to leave.
      | ~ in
      The unrest has roots in religious differences.

      PHRASES

      the root of all evil
      They consider globalization to be the root of all evil.
      | the root of the matter/problem
      I expect money is at the root of the matter.



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