Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
retreat
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
retreat /ri'tri:t/
  • danh từ
    • (quân sự) sự rút lui, sự rút quân; hiệu lệnh rút quân
      • to sound the retreat: thổi hiệu lệnh rút lui
      • to cut off (intercept) an army's retreat: cắt đường rút lui của một đạo quân
      • to make good one's retreat: rút lui bình yên vô sự
    • (quân sự) tiếng kèn (trống) thu không
    • sự ẩn dật
      • to go into retreat: sống một đời ẩn dật
    • nơi ẩn dật ((tôn giáo)) nơi tu đạo
    • nơi trốn tránh, sào huyệt (của bọn cướp...)
    • nhà dưỡng lão, trại cứu tế; bệnh viện tinh thần kinh
    • nội động từ
      • lùi, rút lui
      • (quân sự) rút lui
      • lẹm, trợt ra sau (cằm, trán...)
        • retreating chin: cằm lẹm
        • retreat ing forehead: trán trợt ra sau
    • ngoại động từ
      • (đánh cờ) rút (quân) về (tránh thế bị vây hãm)
    Concise Dictionary
    retreats|retreated|retreatingrɪ'trɪːt
    noun
    +(military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat
    +a place of privacy; a place affording peace and quiet
    +(military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position
    +(military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset
    +an area where you can be alone
    +withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation
    verb
    +pull back or move away or backward
    +move away, as for privacy
    +move back
    +make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    n.
    1 retirement, withdrawal, pulling or falling or drawing back, giving ground, evacuation, flight:
    The regiment's retreat in the face of overwhelming odds is complete.
    2 retirement, seclusion, withdrawal, isolation, solitude, rustication:
    Since her retreat from public life, she has devoted herself to painting
    3 sanctuary, sanctum (sanctorum), refuge, shelter, den, haven, asylum, resort, hideaway, hide-out:
    Antonia insisted on having her own retreat where she could occasionally escape from the children.
    v.
    4 withdraw, decamp, run (away), turn tail, depart, give or lose ground, pull or fall or draw back, retire, evacuate, flee, take flight:
    We must retreat to the shelter of the hills, where we can regroup.
    5 ebb, draw or move back, recede:
    The waves, constantly advancing and retreating across the pebbly strand, lulled me to sleep.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    verb, noun
    + verb
    from danger / defeat
    1 [V] to move away from a place or an enemy because you are in danger or because you have been defeated: The army was forced to retreat after suffering heavy losses. + We retreated back down the mountain. + They retreated to a safe distance from the fighting.
    Compare: ADVANCE
    move away / back
    2 [V] to move away or back: He watched her retreating figure. + The flood waters slowly retreated.
    change decision
    3 [V +adv./prep.] to change your mind about sth because of criticism or because a situation has become too difficult
    Synonym: BACK OFF
    The government had retreated from its pledge to reduce class sizes. + He told them not to retreat in the face of opposition from the public.
    to quiet place
    4 [V] [usually +adv./prep.] to escape to a place that is quieter or safer: Bored with the conversation, she retreated to her bedroom. + (figurative) He retreated into a world of fantasy.
    finance
    5 [VN] to lose value: Share prices retreated 45p to 538p.
    + noun
    from danger / defeat
    1 [C, usually sing, U] a movement away from a place or an enemy because of danger or defeat: Hitler's retreat from Russia + The army was in full retreat (= retreating very quickly). + to sound the retreat (= to give a loud signal for an army to move away)
    escape
    2 [C, usually sing, U] ~ (from / into sth) an act of trying to escape from a particular situation to one that you think is safer or more pleasant: Is watching television a retreat from reality?
    change of decision
    3 [C, usually sing.] an act of changing a decision because of criticism or because a situation has become too difficult: The Senator made an embarrassing retreat from his earlier position.
    quiet place
    4 [C] a quiet, private place that you go to in order to get away from your usual life: a country retreat
    5 [U, C] a period of time when sb stops their usual activities and goes to a quiet place for prayer and thought; an organized event when people can do this: He went into retreat and tried to resolve the conflicts within himself. + to go on a Buddhist retreat
    Idioms see BEAT v.
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 retreating/leaving

    ADJ.

    hasty, headlong, rapid
    I decided to beat a hasty retreat.
    | humiliating, ignominious, undignified | dignified, orderly, strategic, tactful, tactical
    I made a tactful retreat before they started arguing.

    VERB + RETREAT

    beat, make | lead | order, sound | force/send/throw sb into
    Eventually the police forced the crowd into retreat.
    | block, cut off | cover
    We covered his retreat with bursts of gunfire.

    PREP.

    in ~
    The enemy was now in retreat.
    | on the ~
    fresh evidence that trade unionism is on the retreat
    | ~ from
    He took part in the retreat from Paris.
    | ~ into
    her retreat into a fantasy world of her own
    | ~ to
    an ignominious retreat to the River Vistula

    PHRASES

    be in full retreat
    On the eastern front the army was in full retreat.
    | a line of retreat
    We succeeded in cutting off the enemy's line of retreat.

    2 quiet and private place

    ADJ.

    favourite, perfect
    the perfect retreat for a romantic honeymoon
    | private, secret | peaceful | country, rural
    designed as a gentleman's country retreat
    | summer, winter | holiday, weekend

    VERB + RETREAT

    turn sth into, use sth as
    She plans to use it as a winter retreat.
    | go into
    He went into retreat at his country home to escape the attention of the media.

    PREP.

    ~ for
    a summer retreat for the rich
    | ~ from
    staying here at his secret retreat from life in the busy city

    3 private time at a quiet place

    ADJ.

    religious, spiritual

    VERB + RETREAT

    go on
    She goes on a spiritual retreat for two weeks every summer.

    verb

    ADV.

    hastily, quickly, rapidly, swiftly | further | back
    He retreated hastily back to his car.

    VERB + RETREAT

    try to | order sb to
    The army was ordered to retreat.

    PREP.

    before
    They retreated before the Americans.
    | behind
    He retreated behind the table.
    | from, in the face of
    He retreated in the face of strong opposition.
    | into
    He retreated into his own world.
    | to
    She retreated from the busy office to her own room.



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