Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
relief
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
relief /ri'li:f/
  • danh từ
    • sự giảm nhẹ, sự bớt đi, sự làm khuây (đau đớn, buồn rầu)
      • treatment gives relief: sự điều trị làm giảm bệnh
    • sự cứu tế, sự trợ cấp; sự cứu viện
      • to go someone's relief: cứu giúp ai
      • to provide relief for the earthquake victims: cứu tế những người bị hạn động đất
    • sự giải vây (một thành phố...)
    • sự thay phiên, sự đổi gác
    • sự đền bù, sự bồi thường (thiệt hại); sự sửa lại, sự uốn nắn (những cái bất công...)
    • cái làm cho vui lên; cái làm cho đỡ đều đều tẻ nhạt; cái làm cho đỡ căng thẳng
      • a comic scene follows by way of relief: tiếp sau là một màn hài kịch cốt để đỡ căng thẳng
  • danh từ
    • (như) relievo
    • (nghĩa bóng) sự nổi bật lên
      • to stand out in relief: nổi bật lên
      • to bring (throw) something into relief: nêu bật vấn đề gì
    • (địa lý,địa chất) địa hình
Concise Dictionary
reliefsrɪ'lɪːf
noun
+the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced
+the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress)
+(law) redress awarded by a court
+someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)
+assistance in time of difficulty
+a pause for relaxation
+a change for the better
+aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped
+the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance)
+sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background
+the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 ease, easing, abatement, easement, deliverance, remedy, redress, alleviation, release, remission, assuagement, liberation, recess:
We would all welcome relief from this blistering heat. Contributions for the relief of famine in Africa would be most welcome
2 aid, help, support, assistance, succour; comfort:
How many troops can we send for the relief of the besieged garrison?
3 elevation, projection, contrast, prominence; bas-relief or basso-rilievo ('low relief'), mezzo-rilievo ('medium relief'), alto-rilievo ('high relief'):
The Greek reliefs brought to England by Lord Elgin are on display at the British Museum
4 substitute, surrogate, replacement, alternate, locum (tenens), stand-in; understudy, double:
I wish that my relief would arrive so I could go home.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ noun
removal of anxiety / pain
1 [U, sing.] the feeling of happiness that you have when sth unpleasant stops or does not happen: a sense of relief + We all breathed a sigh of relief when he left. + She sighed with relief. + Much to my relief the car was not damaged. + News of their safety came as a great relief. + It was a relief to be able to talk to someone about it. + What a relief!
2 [U] ~ (from / of sth) the act of removing or reducing pain, anxiety, etc: modern methods of pain relief + the relief of misery / poverty / suffering + Massage can bring some relief from tension. + Volunteers provide regular help to give relief to carers.
help
3 [U] food, money, medicine, etc. that is given to help people in places where there has been a war or natural disaster: famine relief + a relief agency / organization / worker + relief aid / supplies
4 [U] (especially AmE) financial help given by the government to people who need it
on tax
5 [U] = TAX RELIEF: relief on mortgage interest payments
sth different
6 [U, sing.] ~ (from sth) something that is interesting or enjoyable that replaces sth boring, difficult or unpleasant for a short period of time: a few moments of light relief in an otherwise dull performance + There was little comic relief in his speech. + The calm of the countryside came as a welcome relief from the hustle and bustle of city life.
workers
7 [C+sing./pl. v.] (often used as an adjective) a person or group of people that replaces another when they have finished working for the day or when they are sick: The next crew relief comes on duty at 9 o'clock. + relief drivers
from enemy
8 [sing.] ~ of ... the act of freeing a town, etc. from an enemy army that has surrounded it: the relief of Mafeking
in art
9 [U, C] a way of decorating wood, stone, etc. by cutting designs into the surface of it so that some parts stick out more than others; a design that is made in this way: The column was decorated in high relief (= with designs that stick out a lot) with scenes from Greek mythology. + The bronze doors are covered with sculpted reliefs.
See also - BAS-RELIEF
making sth noticeable
10 [U] the effect of colours, light, etc. that makes an object more noticeable than others around it: The snow-capped mountain stood out in sharp relief against the blue sky.
11 [U] the quality of a particular situation, problem, etc. that makes it more noticeable than before: Their differences have been thrown into sharp relief by the present crisis.(also relief)
+ noun
[U] a reduction in the amount of tax you have to pay, especially when you are using the money for a particular purpose such as buying property
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 removal of anxiety/pain

ADJ.

considerable, deep, enormous, great, huge, immense, intense, overwhelming, tremendous | certain
The news of his appointment was received with a certain relief by most people.
| sheer | complete | temporary
The drugs only provided temporary relief from the pain.
| fast, immediate, instant | evident, obvious
She smiled with evident relief.
| blessed, welcome | pain
The injection gives complete pain relief.

VERB + RELIEF

bring (sb), give (sb), offer (sb), provide (sb with)
Morning brought no relief from the heat.
| come as
The news came as a welcome relief to Brian.
| seek
She sought relief in drink.
| find, get
He found relief from his fears in a world of fantasy and art.
| experience, feel
I felt enormous relief once they phoned.
| sense
She could sense his relief when she said she wouldn't be leaving.
| express

RELIEF + VERB

come
He believes that relief only comes from helping others with their suffering.
| flood
Relief flooded through me as the aeroplane landed safely.

PREP.

in ~
She smiled in relief.
| out of ~
He hugged her out of sheer relief.
| to your ~
To my great relief, she didn't notice that anything was wrong.
| with ~
He sighed with relief.
| ~ at
relief at not having been made a fool of
| ~ from
relief from hunger
| ~ to
The news was a huge relief to her.

PHRASES

a cry/a sigh/tears of relief
He breathed a sigh of relief.
| a sense/wave of relief

2 food/money/medicine given to people in need

ADJ.

humanitarian | emergency | famine, flood | foreign, international

VERB + RELIEF

give sb, provide (sb with), send (sb)
The organization provides emergency famine relief.

RELIEF + NOUN

work
She said that the fighting has halted almost all relief work in the area.
| effort, operation
There was a huge international relief effort to bring help to the stricken area.
| package, programme
Congress has agreed an $11 million relief package for victims of the hurricane.
| aid, supplies | agency, fund, organization | staff, worker | convoy, flight

3 reduction in the amount of tax, etc. you have to pay

ADJ.

debt, interest, mortgage, tax

VERB + RELIEF

get, obtain, receive
You get mortgage relief of 10% on the next £5,000.
| be entitled to, qualify for | apply for, claim, seek

RELIEF + VERB

be available
No tax relief is available in respect of this loss.

4 sth interesting that replaces sth boring

ADJ.

light | comic

VERB + RELIEF

give (sb), provide (sb with)
The scene provided some comic relief for the audience.

PREP.

for ~
The comical characters are brought into the story for a little light relief.

PHRASES

a moment of relief

5 way of decorating wood, stone, etc.

ADJ.

high
The scene has been carved in high relief.
| bas, low | carved, sculptured | alabaster, bronze, marble, plaster, stucco | classical, Greek, Roman

VERB + RELIEF

carve (sth) in

RELIEF + NOUN

carving, sculpture | panel

PREP.

in ~
a sculpture in high relief

6 making sth noticeable

ADJ.

sharp, stark

VERB + RELIEF

bring sth into, throw sth into
(often figurative) The proximity of the wealthy suburb to the squatter camp throws the plight of the squatters into even sharper relief.
| stand out in
The snow-capped mountains stood out in sharp relief against the blue sky.



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