1 culture, polish, elegance, sophistication, urbanity, urbaneness, breeding, cultivation, gentility, propriety, courtliness, civility, politeness, politesse, delicacy, tact, diplomacy, finesse, suavity, suaveness, taste, tastefulness, discrimination, discernment, sensitivity:
He drank thirstily, with no pretence at refinement.
2 subtlety, nicety, nuance, distinction, detail, fine point, delicacy, minutia; fastidiousness, finickiness:
The latest version contains refinements that are beyond the appreciation of all but a few.
3 refining, purification, purifying, clarification, clarifying, cleaning, cleansing; filtration, distillation:
The sugar must undergo refinement before being sold commercially.
4 improvement, betterment, bettering, enhancement, development, perfection:
She is working on the refinement of her technique before performing in public.
1 improvement to/on sth; process of improving sth
A greater refinement of the categorization is possible.
| extra, further | continuous, endless
All programs have bugs and need endless refinement.
It is possible to add a few useful refinements to the basic system.
| technical | modern
VERB + REFINEMENT
The technology requires a great deal of refinement.
| add, introduce
a refinement in the masonry
| ~ on
a refinement on previous methods
| ~ to
to add a further refinement to the computer system
2 being polite/well educated; clever in design
a woman of great refinement and beauty
VERB + REFINEMENT
The kite was star shaped and lacked the refinement of current designs.
a lack of refinement in engine design
a lack of refinement
Random quote: To keep the body in good health is a duty... otherwise we shall not be able to keep our mind strong and clear.: BuddhaLatest queries: watching, board, push, halted, still, reform, urging, alluding, elation, heroine, on purpose, miniature, lucked, routine, meets, revitalize, strike, crown, starring, refinement,