Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
reference
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
reference /'refrəns/
  • danh từ
    • sự chuyển đến (một người, một tổ chức có thẩm quyền) để xem xét, sự giao cho giải quyết (một vấn đề gì); thẩm quyền giải quyết
      • outside the reference of the tribunal: ngoài phạm vi thẩm quyền của toà án
    • sự hỏi ý kiến
      • he acted without reference to me: anh ấy làm mà không hỏi ý kiến tôi
    • sự xem, sự tham khảo
      • to make reference to a dictionary: tham khảo từ điển
      • a book of reference: sách tham khảo
      • reference library: thư viện tra cứu (không cho mượn)
    • sự ám chỉ, sự nói đến, sự nhắc đến
      • to make reference to a fact: nhắc đến một sự việc gì
    • sự liên quan, sự quan hệ, sự dính dáng tới
      • in (with) reference to: về (vấn đề gì...); có liên quan tới
      • without reference to: không có liên quan gì đến; không kể gì
    • sự giới thiệu, sự chứng nhận (lý lịch, tư cách, công tác...); người giới thiệu, người chứng nhận (lý lịch, tư cách, công tác...)
      • to take up someone's references: tìm hiểu lý lịch (tư cách...) của ai
      • to have good references: có giấy giới thiệu tốt, có giấy chứng nhận tốt
      • to give someone as a reference: viện chứng ai; nhờ ai giới thiệu
    • dấu chỉ dẫn đoạn tham khảo (trong một cuốn sách)
Concise Dictionary
references|referenced|referencing'refrəns
noun
+a remark that calls attention to something or someone
+a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
+an indicator that orients you generally
+a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts
+a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability
+the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to
+the act of referring or consulting
+a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to
+the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to
verb
+refer to
Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 allusion, mention, remark, referral, direction, indication, specification, naming, quotation, citation, note, notation, notification, hint, intimation, innuendo, insinuation:
I can't find a reference in any footnote. Few readers make use of the bibliographical references in scholarly articles. Her persistent references to my baldness embarrass me
2 regard, concern, connection, respect, relation, relevance, pertinence:
People are selected without reference to race, creed, colour, sex, or age
3 endorsement, recommendation, testimonial, certification; credentials:
I relied on my former employer to give me a good reference. We shall not be needing to take up your references.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
mentioning sb / sth
1 [C, U] ~ (to sb/sth) a thing you say or write that mentions sb/sth else; the act of mentioning sb/sth: The book is full of references to growing up in India. + She made no reference to her illness but only to her future plans. + the President's passing reference to (= brief mention of) the end of the war
looking for information
2 [U] the act of looking at sth for information: Keep the list of numbers near the phone for easy reference. + I wrote down the name of the hotel for future reference (= because it might be useful in the future). + The library contains many popular works of reference (= reference books).
asking for advice
3 [U] (formal) ~ (to sb/sth) the act of asking sb for help or advice: The emergency nurse can treat minor injuries without reference to a doctor.
number / word / symbol
4 [C] (abbreviation ref.) a number, word or symbol that shows where sth is on a map, or where you can find a piece of information: The map reference is Y4. + Please quote your reference number when making an enquiry.
for new job
5 [C] a letter written by sb who knows you, giving information about your character and abilities, especially to a new employer: We will take up references after the interview.
6 [C] a person who agrees to write a reference, for you, for example when you are applying for a job
Synonym: REFEREE
My previous boss will act as a reference for me.
in book
7 [C] a note in a book that tells you where a particular piece of information comes from: There is a list of references at the end of each chapter.
See also - CROSS-REFERENCE, FRAME OF REFERENCE, TERMS OF REFERENCE
Idioms: in / with reference to (formal or written) used to say what you are talking or writing about: With reference to your letter of July 22 ...
+ verb [VN] (written) to refer to sth; to provide a book, etc. with references: Each chapter is referenced, citing literature up to 1999.
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 mentioning sb/sth

ADJ.

extensive | brief, casual, passing | occasional | frequent, repeated | constant | further
They could find no further reference to Mr LaMotte in the records.
| general | particular, special, specific
She won a grant to study political science with special reference to China.
| definite | explicit, express | direct | cryptic, indirect, oblique, obscure, veiled | clear, obvious | ambiguous, confusing | early
one of the earliest references to the game of chess
| biblical, cultural, historical, literary | written

VERB + REFERENCE

contain, have
Her diary contains no reference to the alleged appointment.
| drop, make
He dropped casual references to the legacy of his great work. The article makes no reference to his first marriage.
| drop, omit
The new constitution dropped all reference to previous wars.
| find

PREP.

in a/the ~
In an obvious reference to the president, he talked of corruption in high places.
| in/with ~ to
(written) I am writing with reference to your job application.
| ~ (back) to
The summary should be comprehensible without reference back to the source work.

2 consulting sb/sth for advice/help/information

ADJ.

easy, quick
The book is organized alphabetically for easy reference.
| further, future

PREP.

by ~ to
Our charges are calculated by reference to an hourly rate.
| for ~
Retain a copy of the form for future reference.
| without ~ to
The decision was taken without reference to local managers.

PHRASES

for reference purposes
She needs the book for reference

4 number/note/symbol

ADJ.

copious | full
For full references of all books cited, see Appendix B.
| appropriate
Please send a full CV, quoting the appropriate reference.
| cross-
The cross-references refer you to information in other parts of the dictionary.
| bibliographic/bibliographical | grid, map

VERB + REFERENCE

quote | cite, give
References to original sources are given at the end of each chapter.

REFERENCE + NOUN

number

PREP.

in a/the ~
The date of publication should be included in the reference.
| ~ to
a reference to page 17

PHRASES

a list of references

5 letter about your character/abilities

ADJ.

glowing | character

VERB + REFERENCE

ask for | give (sb), provide (sb with), write (sb) | follow up, take up
They've taken up my references (= contacted the person who provided the reference), so they must be interested in me.

PREP.

~ from
a reference from your current employer

5 standards by which sth is judged

REFERENCE + NOUN

point

PHRASES

a frame of reference
People interpret events within their own frame of reference.
| a point of reference
Unemployment serves as a useful point of reference in examining social problems.
| terms of reference
The matter was outside the committee's terms of reference. purposes.
| a source of reference
The book is an invaluable source of reference for the art historian.

3 book containing facts/information

ADJ.

general
The book is by far the best general reference on natural history.

REFERENCE + NOUN

book, material, source, work | library | section
You'll find the information in the reference section of your local library.



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