Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
ration /'ræʃn/
  • danh từ
    • khẩu phần
    • (số nhiều) lương thực, thực phẩm
      • to be on short rations: thiếu lương thực thực phẩm
      • ration coupon: phiếu lương thực, phiếu thực phẩm
  • ngoại động từ
    • hạn chế (lương thực, vải...); hạn chế lương thực (của ai))
      • rice, meat, sugar and cotton cloth are rationed in difficult times: gạo, thịt, đường và vải thường bị hạn chế trong thời kỳ khó khăn
    • chia khẩu phần
Concise Dictionary
rationes|rations|rationed|rationing'reɪʃn /'ræʃn
+the food allowance for one day (especially for service personnel)
+a fixed portion that is allotted (especially in times of scarcity)
+restrict the consumption of a relatively scarce commodity, as during war
+distribute in rations, as in the army

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 share, quota, allotment, portion, helping, part, provision, measure, dole, percentage, amount:
Each person is permitted a weekly fixed ration of butter, sugar, coffee, meat, etc. We shall have to go on short rations till we are rescued.
2 rations. supplies, provisions, food, provender, victuals, viands, eatables, edibles, comestibles, Brit commons:
It was not till the third week with our rations running low that we really began to worry.
3 Often, ration out. allot, apportion, dole (out), give out, distribute, deal out, mete out, parcel out, measure out, hand out:
As water was in short supply, we had to ration it. One cup was rationed out to each of us every morning
4 budget, schedule, restrict, control, limit:
Water had to be rationed to one cup a day for each of us.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
1 [C] a fixed amount of food, fuel, etc. that you are officially allowed to have when there is not enough for everyone to have as much as they want, for example during a war: the weekly butter ration + a ration book / card / coupon (= allowing you to claim your ration of sth)
2 (rations) [pl.] a fixed amount of food given regularly to a soldier or to sb who is in a place where there is not much food available: We're on short rations (= allowed less than usual) until fresh supplies arrive. + Once these latest rations run out, the country will again face hunger and starvation.
3 [sing.] ~ (of sth) an amount of sth that is thought to be normal or fair: As part of the diet, allow yourself a small daily ration of sugar. + I've had my ration of problems for one day-you deal with it!
+ verb [VN] [often passive] ~ sb/sth (to sth) to limit the amount of sth that sb is allowed to have, especially because there is not enough of it available: Eggs were rationed during the war. + The villagers are rationed to two litres of water a day.
Collocation Dictionary


daily, monthly | double, entire, extra, full
Pregnant women received a double ration of milk.
| meagre
The refugees queued up for their meagre rations of soup.
| emergency, short, starvation, wartime ~s
We've been put on short rations.
| cigarette, food, petrol, etc.


give sb, hand out, provide (sb with) | get, receive | consume, have, use up
You've had your ration of sweets for the day!
| cut, reduce
The guards are going to cut our rations again.


book, card, coupon


on a/the ~
living on starvation rations
| ~ of
our daily ration of bread



These foods had to be strictly rationed.


The soldiers were rationed to one litre of water each per day.

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