English - Vietnamese Dictionary
race /reis/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- chủng tộc, nòi người
- the Mongolian race: nòi người Mông-cổ
- loài, giống
- the human race: loài người
- the four-footed race: loài vật bốn chân
- loại, giới, hạng (người)
- the race of dandies: hạng người ăn diện
- the race of poets: giới thi sĩ
- danh từ
- cuộc đua, cuộc chạy đua
- Marathon race: cuộc chạy Ma-ra-tông
- arms (armaments) race: cuộc chạy đua vũ trang
- to run a race: chạy đua
- dòng nước lũ, dòng nước chảy xiết
- sông đào dẫn nước, con kênh
- cuộc đời, đời người
- his race is nearly over: đời anh ta đã xế chiều
- sự vận hành (của mặt trăng, mặt trời)
- (kỹ thuật) vòng ổ trục, vòng ổ bi
- ngoại động từ
- chạy đua với, chạy thi với (ai)
- phóng (xe) thật nhanh, cho (ngựa) phi, cho (ngựa, xe) đua với; cho (máy...) chạy hết tốc độ
- he raced his bycycle against a motor-cycle: anh ta phóng xe đạp đua với một mô tô
- to race the engine without a load: (cơ khí) cho máy chạy không nhanh quá
- lôi (đẩy) (ai) chạy; lôi (đẩy) (vật gì) đi nhanh
- he raced me along: nó lôi tôi chạy
- vội vã cho thông qua
- to race a bill through the House: vội vã cho quốc hội thông qua một dự án
- nội động từ
- chạy nhanh, quạt nhanh (chân vịt tàu, chong chóng máy bay), chạy quá nhanh (máy)
- to race along: chạy hết tốc độ
- ham mê đua ngựa
- a racing man: người ham mê đua ngựa
- the racing world: giới đua ngựa
- to race away
- thua cá ngựa hết (gia sản...)
- to race away one's fortune
- khánh kiệt vì thua cá ngựa
+people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock
+a contest of speed
+the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller
+(biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species
+a canal for a current of water
+step on it
+compete in a race
+to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others
+cause to move fast or to rush or race
Advanced English Dictionary
1 foot-race, horse-race, marathon, rally or rallye; competition, contest, rivalry, contention:
How many will be running in Saturday's race? Several countries had joined the race to complete a workable anti-gravity device
2 sluice, flume, chute, watercourse, course, channel, bed, mill-race, raceway, spillway; track:
The water in the race enabled us to wash the sand in order to extract the gold. The ball-bearings don't fall out because they are retained in the race
3 the races. horse-races, dog-races, the dogs, the track, the turf, Brit racecourse, race meeting, US racetrack:
We're off to the races at Newmarket.
4 speed, hurry, hasten, dash, sprint, fly, rush, scramble, step lively, Colloq tear, rip, zip, step on the gas, step on it, hop to it, get a move on, Brit hare, US get a wiggle on:
You're going to have to race to catch the last bus.
5 compete (with):
I'll race you to the gate and back.
1 stock, line, lineage, type, tribe, nation, people, folk, clan, family:
The citizens constitute a mix of all imaginable races.
2 blood, descent, breed, kin, family, stock, line, lineage:
You say you are liberal, but how would you feel about your daughter's marrying someone of a different race?
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 [C] ~ (between A and B)
~ (against sb) a competition between people, animals, vehicles, etc. to see which one is the faster or fastest: I bet I'd win a race between us two! + He's already in training for the big race against Bailey. + Their horse came third in the race last year. + a boat / horse / road race + a five-kilometre race + Shall we have a race to the end of the beach?
2 [sing.] ~ (for sth / to do sth) a situation in which a number of people, groups, organizations, etc. are competing, especially for political power or to achieve sth first: the race for the presidency + The race is on (= has begun) to find a cure for this disease.
See also - RAT RACE
3 (the races) [pl.] a series of horse races that happen at one place on a particular day: to go to the races
4 [C, U] one of the main groups that humans can be divided into according to their physical differences, for example the colour of their skin: the Caucasian / Mongolian race + people of mixed race + This custom is found in people of all races throughout the world. + legislation against discrimination on the grounds of race or sex
5 [C] a group of people who share the same language, history, culture, etc: the Nordic races + He admired Canadians as a hardy and determined race.
See also - HUMAN RACE
animals / plants
6 [C] a breed or type of animal or plant: a race of cattle
Idioms: a race against time / the clock a situation in which you have to do sth or finish sth very fast before it is too late: Getting food to the starving refugees is now a race against time.
more at HORSE n.
1 ~ (against) sb/sth to compete against sb/sth to see who can go faster or the fastest, do sth first, etc.; to take part in a race or races: [V] Who will he be racing against in the next round? + They raced to a thrilling victory in the relay. + She'll be racing for the senior team next year. + [VN] We raced each other back to the car. + [V to inf] Television companies are racing to be the first to screen his life story.
2 [VN] to make an animal or a vehicle compete in a race: to race dogs / horses / pigeons + to race motorbikes
3 [+adv./prep.] to move very fast; to move sb/sth very fast: [V] He raced up the stairs. + The days seemed to race past. + She raced through the work in no time at all. + [VN] The injured man was raced to the hospital. + She raced her car through the narrow streets of the town.
of heart / mind / thoughts
4 [V] to function very quickly because you are afraid, excited, etc: My mind raced as I tried to work out what was happening. + She took a deep breath to calm her racing pulse.
5 [V] to run too fast: The truck came to rest against a tree, its engine racing.
1 contest to find the fastest person, car, etc.
I get very nervous before a big race.
| close, tight | long-distance | 10-kilometre, 24-hour, 7-lap, etc. | gruelling, hard, tough | relay, road | men's, women's | boat, motor, motorbike, yacht, etc. | dog, horse, etc. | Grand Prix, World Cup, etc.
VERB + RACE
have, hold, organize, stage
Let's have a race!
| be in, compete in, enter, go in for, run in, take part in
Is she running in the big race on Saturday?
| drop out of, pull out of, withdraw (sth) from
He dropped out of the race with a pulled muscle after two laps. She had to pull out of the race at the last minute.
| lead, win
I was leading the race until the half-way point. She has won the race for the last five years.
| lose | come first/second, etc. in | beat sb/sth in | fix
There is a rumour that the race was fixed.
(= to lose deliberately)He was paid £1,000 to throw the race.
RACE + VERB
be run/held, take place
RACE + NOUN
The horse was withdrawn from today's race meeting with an injured leg.
| winner | official, organizer
in a/the ~
I'm not in this race.
| ~ against/with
the race against the Danish team
| ~ between
the University Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge
| ~ over
a race over 200 metres
2 competitive situation
Although there are five candidates, realistically it is a two-horse race.
| presidential | arms
the halting of the nuclear arms race
VERB + RACE
be (involved) in, join
The rival TV companies are in a race to bring out the first film drama of his life.
| be ahead in, lead, win
Who will win the race for the White House?
| be left behind in, lag behind in, lose
in a/the ~
lagging behind in the race for the presidency
| ~ between
a race between the developing countries
| ~ for
the race for nuclear supremacy
| ~ with
the race with their rivals
3 racial group
human | mixed
a child of mixed race
| Irish, Jewish, Latin, etc. | master
the ideology of the master race
RACE + NOUN
Immigration and race relations were key political issues at the time.
| equality | discrimination, prejudice | riot
The disease is more common among European races.
| between ~s
greater understanding between nations and races
| from a ~
children from all races and religions
| of a ~
people of different races and cultures
| ~ of
The Amazons were a race of female warriors.
on (the) grounds of race
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