Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
preliminary /pri'liminəri/
  • tính từ
    • mở đầu, mào đầu; sơ bộ, dự bị
    • danh từ
      • ((thường) số nhiều) công việc chuẩn bị, sự sắp đặt mở đầu; biện pháp sơ bộ
      • (số nhiều) điều khoản sơ bộ; cuộc đàm phán sơ bộ
      • cuộc kiểm tra thi vào (trường học)
    Concise Dictionary
    +a minor match preceding the main event
    +something that serves as a preceding event or introduces what follows
    +designed to orient or acquaint with a situation before proceeding
    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 advance, prior, introductory, beginning, initial, opening, preparatory, prefatory, preceding, antecedent, forerunning; premonitory; Formal or technical prodromal or prodromic:
    The preliminary design for the swimming-pool is ready. After some preliminary remarks, the ceremonies got under way.
    2 introduction, beginning, opening, preparation, groundwork, prelude, precedence; overture:
    We insist on rigorous training as a preliminary to working in the field.
    3 prelims. Rarely, preliminaries. introduction, preface, foreword, preamble, prologue, front matter, Formal proem, exordium, prolegomenon, prodromus, prodrome:
    The manuscript is finished and we are waiting for the prelims.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    adjective, noun
    + adjective
    ~ (to sth) happening before a more important action or event
    Synonym: INITIAL
    After a few preliminary remarks he announced the winners. + preliminary results / findings / enquiries + the preliminary rounds of the contest + pilot studies preliminary to a full-scale study
    + noun (plural preliminaries) ~ (to sth) a preliminary is an action or event that is done in preparation for sth: Research will be needed as a preliminary to taking a decision. + I'll skip the usual preliminaries and come straight to the point. + England was lucky to get through the preliminaries (= the preliminary stages in a sports competition).
    Collocation Dictionary


    essential, necessary, useful | usual
    After the usual preliminaries the meeting began.


    as a ~
    The two presidents met today, as a preliminary to resuming the peace talks.
    | without preliminaries
    She began speaking intensely, without preliminaries.
    | ~ to
    an essential preliminary to serious research

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