Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
patronage /'peitrənidʤ/
  • danh từ
    • sự bảo trợ, sự đỡ đầu
    • sự lui tới của khách hàng quen
    • quyền ban chức cho giáo sĩ; quyền bổ nhiệm (các chức vụ hành chính...)
    • vẻ kẻ cả, vẻ bề trên; vẻ hạ cố
Concise Dictionary
patronages'peɪtrənɪdʒ /'pæt-
+the act of providing approval and support
+customers collectively
+a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient
+(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
+the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers
+support by being a patron of
+be a regular customer or client of

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 sponsorship, support, backing, promotion, encouragement, boosting, aid, help, sympathy, financing, auspices, protection, guardianship, aegis:
The exhibition was organized with the duke's patronage.
2 trade, business, custom, trading, traffic:
The shop could never succeed with our patronage.
3 condescension, disdain, scorn, contempt, contumely, superiority, patronizing, stooping, deigning, humiliation:
There is an air of patronage about him when he finally does allow me a visit.
4 favouritism, partiality, preference, bias, nepotism, political patronage, granting of indulgences, US spoils (system):
Politicians have always used patronage to reward support.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ noun [U]
1 the support, especially financial, that is given to a person or an organization by a patron: Patronage of the arts comes mostly from businesses and private individuals.
2 the system by which an important person gives help or a job to sb in return for their support
3 (especially AmE) the support that a person gives a shop/store, restaurant, etc. by spending money there

Random quote: Fear is a darkroom where negatives develop.: Usman Asif

Latest queries: untainted, corresponding, commemorate, stretcher, relive, velvety, toned, evaporation, theorem, obey, jump, fabricate, flag, reckless, dab, exotic, letter, pushed, grandpa, patronage,

Updated: 14/03/2018: A new open-source Javascript engine/library named Howler has been employed to handle audiofile. Enjoy pronunciation!

Optional: 01/2018:Picture Dictionary

Updated: 05/06/2018:List of Academic Words

Updated: 03/2019: Learning by reading annotated text, reliable state of art and updated news