Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
patronage
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
patronage /'peitrənidʤ/
  • danh từ
    • sự bảo trợ, sự đỡ đầu
    • sự lui tới của khách hàng quen
    • quyền ban chức cho giáo sĩ; quyền bổ nhiệm (các chức vụ hành chính...)
    • vẻ kẻ cả, vẻ bề trên; vẻ hạ cố
Concise Dictionary
patronages'peɪtrənɪdʒ /'pæt-
noun
+the act of providing approval and support
+customers collectively
+a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient
+(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
+the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers
verb
+support by being a patron of
+be a regular customer or client of

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 sponsorship, support, backing, promotion, encouragement, boosting, aid, help, sympathy, financing, auspices, protection, guardianship, aegis:
The exhibition was organized with the duke's patronage.
2 trade, business, custom, trading, traffic:
The shop could never succeed with our patronage.
3 condescension, disdain, scorn, contempt, contumely, superiority, patronizing, stooping, deigning, humiliation:
There is an air of patronage about him when he finally does allow me a visit.
4 favouritism, partiality, preference, bias, nepotism, political patronage, granting of indulgences, US spoils (system):
Politicians have always used patronage to reward support.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ noun [U]
1 the support, especially financial, that is given to a person or an organization by a patron: Patronage of the arts comes mostly from businesses and private individuals.
2 the system by which an important person gives help or a job to sb in return for their support
3 (especially AmE) the support that a person gives a shop/store, restaurant, etc. by spending money there


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