Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
pain
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
pain /pein/
  • danh từ
    • sự đau đớn, sự đau khổ (thể chất, tinh thần)
      • to have a pain in the head: đau đầu
    • (số nhiều) sự đau đẻ
    • (số nhiều) nỗi khó nhọc công sức
      • to take pains: bỏ công sức
    • hình phạt
      • pains and penalties: các hình phạt
      • on (under) pain of death: sẽ bị xử tử, sẽ bị tội chết (nếu vi phạm cái gì...)
    • to be at the pains of doing something
      • chịu thương chịu khó làm cái gì
    • to give someone a pain in the neck
      • quấy rầy ai, chọc tức ai
  • ngoại động từ
    • làm đau đớn, làm đau khổ
      • does your tooth pain you?: răng anh có làm anh đau không?
  • nội động từ
    • đau nhức, đau đớn
      • my arm is paining: tay tôi đang đau nhức đây
Concise Dictionary
pains|pained|painingpeɪn
noun
+a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
+emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
+a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
+a bothersome annoying person
+something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness
verb
+cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
+cause emotional anguish or make miserable

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 hurt, suffering, discomfort, soreness, ache, aching, pang, spasm, smarting, cramp:
I feel the pain in my back from lifting that box.
2 anguish, agony, affliction, distress, grief, woe, suffering, misery, travail, wretchedness, despair, torment, tribulation, trial, torture, dolour, discomposure, ordeal, disquiet:
No one who has not experienced it can imagine the pain of losing a child
3 irritation, vexation, annoyance, bother, nuisance, pest, Colloq pain in the neck, headache, drag, bore, Taboo Slang pain in the Brit arse or US ass:
What a pain it is that you have forgotten your keys again! David can really be a pain when he goes on about the book he's writing
4 pains. effort, trouble, exertion, toil, labour:
She went to great pains to make our stay comfortable.
v.
5 hurt, distress, grieve, wound, injure; trouble, depress, sadden, sorrow, cut to the quick:
It pained us to learn of Mrs McArthur's illness.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
-see also PAINS
1 [U, C] the feelings that you have in your body when you have been hurt or when you are ill: a cry of pain + She was clearly in a lot of pain. + He felt a sharp pain in his knee. + patients suffering from acute back pain + stomach / chest pains + You get more aches and pains as you get older. + The booklet contains information on pain relief during labour. + This cream should help to relieve the pain.
See also - GROWING PAINS
2 [U, C] mental or emotional suffering: the pain of separation / loss + I never meant to cause her pain. + the pleasures and pains of growing old + a life full of pain and suffering
3 [C] (informal) a person or thing that is very annoying: She can be a real pain when she's in a bad mood. + It's a pain having to go all that way for just one meeting.
Idioms: on / under pain of sth (formal) with the threat of having sth done to you as a punishment if you do not obey: They were required to cut pollution levels, on pain of a £10 000 fine if they disobeyed.
a pain in the neck (BrE also a pain in the arse / backside) (AmE also a pain in the ass / butt) (informal) a person or thing that is very annoying
+ verb (not used in the progressive tenses) (formal) to cause sb pain or make them unhappy
Synonym: HURT
[VN] She was deeply pained by the accusation. + (old use) The wound still pained him occasionally. + [VN to inf] It pains me to see you like this. [also VN that]
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 physical pain

ADJ.

acute, agonizing, awful, excruciating, extreme, great,
intense, severe, sharp, terrible,
unbearable | burning, searing, shooting, stabbing, throbbing
She had a burning pain in one eye.
| dull, little, slight | chronic,
constant, nagging, persistent |
sudden | intermittent | physical
| abdominal, back, chest, leg,
muscle, shoulder, stomach
She's been off work with back pain. He went to the doctor with chest pains.
| growing, labour, period

QUANT.

spasm, stab

VERB + PAIN

be in, be racked with, experience, feel, get, go through, have, suffer (from)
He was obviously in a great deal of pain. Can you feel any pain? Marathon runners are used to going through pain. He was taken to hospital suffering from severe abdominal pain.
| cause, give sb, inflict
His back gives him great pain. It's wrong to inflict pain on any animal.
| increase, make worse | alleviate, control, deaden, do something for, dull, ease, help, kill, relieve, stop
Your doctor should be able to do something for the pain.
| bear, endure, put up with, stand, take | cry out in, cry with, groan with, scream with | be contorted with, contort in
His face was contorted with pain as he crossed the finish line.

PAIN + VERB

begin, come
The pains began shortly after she started work as a gardener.
| shoot through/up
A sharp pain shot up his leg.
| grow stronger, increase, intensify | disappear, go, stop, wear off
Has the pain gone yet? A few hours after he'd had his tooth out, the pain began to wear off.
| come back, return

PAIN + NOUN

control, relief | threshold

PREP.

~ in
a pain in her side

PHRASES

aches and pains
Eucalyptus oil is good for easing muscular aches and pains.
| a cry of pain, a threshold for/of pain
I have a very low threshold for pain.

2 unhappiness

ADJ.

great, intense, terrible | emotional

VERB + PAIN

cause (sb), give sb, inflict
Through her drug addiction she had inflicted a lot of pain on the family.
| feel, go through | get over
It took him several years to get over the pain of losing his job.
| ease | spare sb
We hoped to spare her the pain of having to meet her attacker.
| express | conceal
He tried to conceal his pain from her.
| bear, endure | be worth
The government has to persuade the people that the economic reforms are worth the pain.



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