English - Vietnamese Dictionary
nerve /nə:v/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- (giải phẫu) dây thần kinh
- ((thường) số nhiều) thần kinh; trạng thái thần kinh kích động
- to get on someone's nerves; to give someone the nerves: chọc tức ai; làm cho ai phát cáu
- to have s fit of nerves: bực dọc, nóng nảy
- khí lực, khí phách, dũng khí, can đảm, nghị lực
- a man with iron nerves; a man with nerves of steel: con người có khí phách cương cường; con người không gì làm cho xúc động được
- to lose one's nerves: mất tinh thần, hoảng sợ
- to strain every nerve: rán hết sức
- (thông tục) sự táo gan, sự trơ tráo
- to have the nerve to do something: có gan làm gì
- (thực vật học) gân (lá cây)
- (nghĩa bóng) bộ phận chủ yếu, khu vực trung tâm, bộ phận đầu não
- not to know what nerves are
- ngoại động từ
- truyền sức mạnh (vật chất, tinh thần); truyền can đảm, truyền nhuệ khí
- to nerve oneself
- rán sức, lấy hết can đảm, tập trung nghị lực
nerves|nerved|nervingnɜrv /nɜːvThesaurus Dictionary
+any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
+the courage to carry on
+get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
Advanced English Dictionary
1 courage, coolness, boldness, bravery, intrepidity, determination, valour, daring, fearlessness, dauntlessness, pluck, mettle, spirit, fortitude, will, tenacity, steadfastness, staunchness, firmness, doughtiness, resoluteness, Colloq guts, grit, gumption, spunk, US sand, Brit bottle, US moxie, Taboo Slang balls:
It took a lot of nerve to go back into that burning building.
2 effrontery, brazenness, gall, impertinence, brass, impudence, insolence, audacity, brashness, presumption, presumptuousness, temerity, Colloq cheek, sauce, chutzpah, Slang crust:
You have a lot of nerve, talking to your mother that way!
3 get on someone's nerves. annoy, irritate, upset:
That loud rock music gets on my nerves.
4 nerves. tension, nervousness, hysteria, anxiety, fretfulness, stress, worry, apprehension, fright, Colloq the jitters, Slang the willies, the heebie-jeebies, US the whim-whams:
I had a bad case of nerves before learning the doctor's diagnosis.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
1 [C] any of the long thin threads that carry messages between the brain and parts of the body, enabling you to move, feel pain, etc: the optic nerve + He's off work with a trapped nerve in his neck. + nerve cells + nerve endings + Every nerve in her body was tense.
2 (nerves) [pl.] feelings of worry or anxiety: Even after years as a singer, he still suffers from nerves before a performance. + I need something to calm / steady my nerves. + Everyone's nerves were on edge (= everyone felt tense). + He lives on his nerves (= is always worried). + By the end of the meal her nerves were completely frayed.
3 [U] the courage to do sth difficult or dangerous: It took a lot of nerve to take the company to court. + I was going to have a go at parachuting but lost my nerve at the last minute. + He kept his nerve to win the final set 64.
4 [sing., U] (informal) a way of behaving that other people think is rude or not appropriate: I don't know how you have the nerve to show your face after what you said! + He's got a nerve asking us for money! + 'Then she demanded to see the manager!' 'What a nerve!'
Idioms: be a bag / bundle of nerves (informal) to be very nervous
get on sb's nerves (informal) to annoy sb: That music is starting to get on my nerves. + It really gets on my nerves when people hang up without leaving a message.
have nerves of steel to be able to remain calm in a difficult or dangerous situation
hit / touch a (raw / sensitive) nerve to mention a subject that makes sb feel angry, upset, embarrassed, etc: You touched a raw nerve when you mentioned his first wife.
more at BRASS, STRAIN v., WAR n.
~ yourself for sth / to do sth (written) to give yourself the courage or strength to do sth: [VN to inf] He nerved himself to ask her out. [also VN]
1 in the body
sensitive, trapped | facial, optic, spinal, etc.
VERB + NERVE
damage, strain, trap
I've trapped a nerve in my spine.
NERVE + VERB
go, lead, run
The nerve runs from the eye to the brain.
| transmit sth
The nerves transmit pain.
He lay awake, his nerves throbbing.
NERVE + NOUN
cell, end, ending, fibre, tissue | pathway | impulse | damage, injury | gas
along a/the ~
The message travels along the nerve to the brain.
| ~ in
He's been off work with a trapped nerve in his back.
| ~ to
Cutting the nerves to the stomach does not affect hunger.
every nerve in sb's body
Intense pain shot through every nerve in his body.
| hit a nerve, touch a (sensitive/raw) nerve
(figurative) My remarks about divorce had unwittingly touched a raw nerve.
2 nerves: mental state
good, steady | bad, frayed, ragged, shattered, taut
At the end of a day's teaching, her nerves were absolutely shattered.
VERB + NERVE
Her nerves were stretched to breaking point.
NERVE + VERB
be on edge
After the bomb, my nerves were on edge.
His nerves jangled every time the phone rang.
I'm not sure my nerves can stand another night like this.
Skydiving is all right for people who've got the nerves for it.
a battle/war of nerves
The union has been fighting a war of nerves with the management over pay.
| get on sb's nerves
His endless whining really gets on my nerves.
| nerves of steel
You need nerves of steel to be a good poker player.
| a strain on sb's nerves
Looking after him while he was so ill has been a great strain on her nerves.
3 nerves: nervous state
I've never suffered from first-night nerves.
VERB + NERVE
calm, control, soothe, steady
She took a few deep breaths to calm her nerves.
| suffer from
an attack of nerves
I had an attack of nerves just before I went on stage.
| a bag/bundle/mass of nerves
By the time of the interview, I was a bundle of nerves.
VERB + NERVE
I didn't have the nerve to ask.
| lack | lose
At the last minute she almost lost her nerve.
He kept his nerve to win a thrilling match.
You must find the nerve to ask for more money.
It took a lot of nerve to stand up and speak.
NERVE + VERB
break, crack, fail (sb)
At the last moment her nerve failed her.
a failure/loss of nerve, a test of nerve
Singing in front of so many people was a real test of nerve.
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