Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
nerve
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
nerve /nə:v/
  • danh từ
    • (giải phẫu) dây thần kinh
    • ((thường) số nhiều) thần kinh; trạng thái thần kinh kích động
      • to get on someone's nerves; to give someone the nerves: chọc tức ai; làm cho ai phát cáu
      • to have s fit of nerves: bực dọc, nóng nảy
    • khí lực, khí phách, dũng khí, can đảm, nghị lực
      • a man with iron nerves; a man with nerves of steel: con người có khí phách cương cường; con người không gì làm cho xúc động được
      • to lose one's nerves: mất tinh thần, hoảng sợ
      • to strain every nerve: rán hết sức
    • (thông tục) sự táo gan, sự trơ tráo
      • to have the nerve to do something: có gan làm gì
    • (thực vật học) gân (lá cây)
    • (nghĩa bóng) bộ phận chủ yếu, khu vực trung tâm, bộ phận đầu não
    • not to know what nerves are
      • điềm tĩnh, điềm đạm
  • ngoại động từ
    • truyền sức mạnh (vật chất, tinh thần); truyền can đảm, truyền nhuệ khí
    • to nerve oneself
      • rán sức, lấy hết can đảm, tập trung nghị lực
Concise Dictionary
nerves|nerved|nervingnɜrv /nɜːv
noun
+any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
+the courage to carry on
+impudent aggressiveness
verb
+get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 courage, coolness, boldness, bravery, intrepidity, determination, valour, daring, fearlessness, dauntlessness, pluck, mettle, spirit, fortitude, will, tenacity, steadfastness, staunchness, firmness, doughtiness, resoluteness, Colloq guts, grit, gumption, spunk, US sand, Brit bottle, US moxie, Taboo Slang balls:
It took a lot of nerve to go back into that burning building.
2 effrontery, brazenness, gall, impertinence, brass, impudence, insolence, audacity, brashness, presumption, presumptuousness, temerity, Colloq cheek, sauce, chutzpah, Slang crust:
You have a lot of nerve, talking to your mother that way!
3 get on someone's nerves. annoy, irritate, upset:
That loud rock music gets on my nerves.
4 nerves. tension, nervousness, hysteria, anxiety, fretfulness, stress, worry, apprehension, fright, Colloq the jitters, Slang the willies, the heebie-jeebies, US the whim-whams:
I had a bad case of nerves before learning the doctor's diagnosis.
Advanced English Dictionary
noun, verb
+ noun
1 [C] any of the long thin threads that carry messages between the brain and parts of the body, enabling you to move, feel pain, etc: the optic nerve + He's off work with a trapped nerve in his neck. + nerve cells + nerve endings + Every nerve in her body was tense.
2 (nerves) [pl.] feelings of worry or anxiety: Even after years as a singer, he still suffers from nerves before a performance. + I need something to calm / steady my nerves. + Everyone's nerves were on edge (= everyone felt tense). + He lives on his nerves (= is always worried). + By the end of the meal her nerves were completely frayed.
3 [U] the courage to do sth difficult or dangerous: It took a lot of nerve to take the company to court. + I was going to have a go at parachuting but lost my nerve at the last minute. + He kept his nerve to win the final set 64.
4 [sing., U] (informal) a way of behaving that other people think is rude or not appropriate: I don't know how you have the nerve to show your face after what you said! + He's got a nerve asking us for money! + 'Then she demanded to see the manager!' 'What a nerve!'
Idioms: be a bag / bundle of nerves (informal) to be very nervous
get on sb's nerves (informal) to annoy sb: That music is starting to get on my nerves. + It really gets on my nerves when people hang up without leaving a message.
have nerves of steel to be able to remain calm in a difficult or dangerous situation
hit / touch a (raw / sensitive) nerve to mention a subject that makes sb feel angry, upset, embarrassed, etc: You touched a raw nerve when you mentioned his first wife.
more at BRASS, STRAIN v., WAR n.
+ verb
~ yourself for sth / to do sth (written) to give yourself the courage or strength to do sth: [VN to inf] He nerved himself to ask her out. [also VN]
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 in the body

ADJ.

sensitive, trapped | facial, optic, spinal, etc.

VERB + NERVE

damage, strain, trap
I've trapped a nerve in my spine.

NERVE + VERB

go, lead, run
The nerve runs from the eye to the brain.
| transmit sth
The nerves transmit pain.
| throb
He lay awake, his nerves throbbing.

NERVE + NOUN

cell, end, ending, fibre, tissue | pathway | impulse | damage, injury | gas

PREP.

along a/the ~
The message travels along the nerve to the brain.
| ~ in
He's been off work with a trapped nerve in his back.
| ~ to
Cutting the nerves to the stomach does not affect hunger.

PHRASES

every nerve in sb's body
Intense pain shot through every nerve in his body.
| hit a nerve, touch a (sensitive/raw) nerve
(figurative) My remarks about divorce had unwittingly touched a raw nerve.

2 nerves: mental state

ADJ.

good, steady | bad, frayed, ragged, shattered, taut
At the end of a day's teaching, her nerves were absolutely shattered.

VERB + NERVE

stretch
Her nerves were stretched to breaking point.

NERVE + VERB

be on edge
After the bomb, my nerves were on edge.
| jangle
His nerves jangled every time the phone rang.
| stand
I'm not sure my nerves can stand another night like this.

PREP.

~s for
Skydiving is all right for people who've got the nerves for it.

PHRASES

a battle/war of nerves
The union has been fighting a war of nerves with the management over pay.
| get on sb's nerves
His endless whining really gets on my nerves.
| nerves of steel
You need nerves of steel to be a good poker player.
| a strain on sb's nerves
Looking after him while he was so ill has been a great strain on her nerves.

3 nerves: nervous state

ADJ.

exam, first-night
I've never suffered from first-night nerves.

VERB + NERVE

calm, control, soothe, steady
She took a few deep breaths to calm her nerves.
| suffer from

PHRASES

an attack of nerves
I had an attack of nerves just before I went on stage.
| a bag/bundle/mass of nerves
By the time of the interview, I was a bundle of nerves.

4 courage

ADJ.

sufficient

VERB + NERVE

have
I didn't have the nerve to ask.
| lack | lose
At the last minute she almost lost her nerve.
| keep
He kept his nerve to win a thrilling match.
| find
You must find the nerve to ask for more money.
| take
It took a lot of nerve to stand up and speak.

NERVE + VERB

break, crack, fail (sb)
At the last moment her nerve failed her.

PHRASES

a failure/loss of nerve, a test of nerve
Singing in front of so many people was a real test of nerve.



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