Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
measure /'meʤə/
  • danh từ
    • sự đo, sự đo lường; đơn vị đo lường, cái để đo
      • to take somebody's measure: đo người cho ai (để may quần áo); (nghĩa bóng) đánh giá tính tình ai, đánh giá bằng khả năng... của ai
      • a metre is a measure of length: mét là một đơn vị đo chiều dài
    • (nghĩa bóng) hạn độ, phạm vi, giới hạn, chừng mức
      • without measure: không có giới hạn nào, không có chừng mức nào)
      • to set measures to: đặt giới hạn cho, hạn chế
      • im some measure: trong một phạm vi nào, trong một chừng mức nào
      • in a great (large) measure: trong một phạm vi nào, trong một chừng mức nào
      • in a great (large) measure: trong một phạm vi rộng lớn
    • tiêu chuẩn để đánh giá; cái để đánh giá, cái để xét; thước đo
      • a chain's weakest link is the measure of its strength: mắt xích yếu nhất là cái để đánh giá sức chịu đựng của cái xích
    • phương sách, biện pháp, cách xử trí
      • to take measure: tìm cách xử trí
      • to take strong measure against: dùng những biện pháp kiên quyết để chống lại
    • (toán học) ước số
      • greatest commom measure: ước số chung lớn nhất
    • (âm nhạc); (thơ ca) nhịp, nhịp điệu
    • (địa lý,ddịa chất) lớp tâng
    • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) điệu nhảy
    • measure for measure
      • ăn miếng trả miếng
  • động từ
    • đo, đo lường
      • to measure a piece of cloth: đo một mảnh vải
      • to measure someone for new clothes: đo kích thước của người nào để may quần áo mới
    • đo được
      • the floor measures 6 m by 4: sàn nhà đo được 6 m chiều dài 4 m chiều rộng
    • so với, đọ với; (nghĩa bóng) đọ sức với
      • to measure one's strength with someone: đọ sức với ai
    • liệu chừng, liệu
    • ((thường) + off, out) phân phối, phân ra, chia ra
      • to measure out a quantity of medicine: phân phối một số lượng thuốc
    • (thơ ca) vượt, đi qua
      • to measure a distance: vượt được một quâng đường
    • to measure one's length
      • ngã sóng soài
    • to measure someone with one's eye
      • nhìn ai từ đầu đến chân
Concise Dictionary
+the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
+a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
+how much there is of something that you can quantify
+any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
+a statute in draft before it becomes law
+(prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse
+musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats
+measuring instrument having a sequence of marks at regular intervals; used as a reference in making measurements
+determine the measurements of something or somebody, take measurements of
+express as a number or measure or quantity
+have certain dimensions
+place a value on; judge the worth of something

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 amount, quantity, magnitude, amplitude, size, bulk, mass, extent, reach, dimension, scope, proportions, range, spread; capacity, volume; width, length, breadth, height; weight:
It is difficult to calculate the measure of an irregularly shaped object
2 scale, gauge or technical gage, yardstick, rule, US litmus test:
I cannot determine the length without a proper measure.
3 system, standard, criterion, rule, method; barometer, Richter scale:
The measure by which ice-cream is sold ought to be weight, not volume. What sort of measure do you apply when judging character?
4 assessment, evaluation, valuation, appraisal, value, gauge or gage, rank, rating, measurement, stamp, estimation:
It is not easy to get the measure of a man who wants to marry your daughter
5 quota, allotment, ration, share, amount, degree, proportion, quantity, allowance; portion, part:
He was accorded a measure of freedom in choosing the method for getting the job done. She has had her measure of praise
6 Often, measures. step(s), procedure, proceeding, action, course (of action), plan, method, means, avenue, tactic(s), way, direction, approach, technique:
They took measures to ensure that it never happens again.
7 bill, resolution, legislation, act, statute, law; plan, proposal:
A measure to change the speed limit is before the council.
8 bound, limit, end, extreme, extent, limitation, moderation, control, constraint, restraint:
Drug trafficking has gone beyond all measure in some countries.
9 beat, rhythm, cadence, metre, time; melody, tune, bar, theme, motif:
The ambassador entered, and the band played in stately measures.
10 for good measure. to boot, in addition, additionally, as a dividend, into the bargain, besides, as or for a bonus, moreover, furthermore:
The job includes a company car and, for good measure, free medical insurance.
11 rank, rate, gauge or gage, meter, weigh, calculate, reckon, compute, calibrate, determine, ascertain, figure out or up, assess, appraise, estimate, evaluate, judge, value; survey, find out:
We must measure the effect of the new safety regulations on our equipment budget. Public acceptance of the new product may be difficult to measure
12 proportion, pace, adapt, gauge, relate, tailor, fit, adjust, regulate, control:
Teachers should measure homework assignments according to pupils' available time. Measure your words when speaking to young children
13 measure off or out. mark off or out, limit, delimit, fix, pace off or out, lay off:
Now measure off exactly 122.5 metres due north.
14 measure out. mete out, dole out, ration (out), parcel out, apportion, allot, share out, assign, allocate; give out, deal out, distribute, issue, pass out, hand out, dispense, disperse, spread around or about:
The relief workers measured out food and water to the victims of the famine
15 measure up (to).
(a) meet, equal, fulfil, match, reach, attain:
The first eleven have not measured up to their coach's expectations. Will they ever measure up?
(b) qualify (for), be suitable (for), be equal to, be fit or fitted for, be adequate (to), be up to, Colloq make the grade, come up to scratch, be up to snuff, US cut the mustard:
If Clive gets the assignment, are you sure that he'll measure up? No one else measures up to the job.
Advanced English Dictionary
verb, noun
+ verb
size / quantity
1 ~ sb/sth (for sth) to find the size, quantity, etc. of sth in standard units: [VN] A ship's speed is measured in knots. + a device that measures the level of radiation in the atmosphere + He's gone to be measured for a new suit. + measuring equipment / instruments + [V wh-] A dipstick is used to measure how much oil is left in an engine.
2 linking verb [V-N] (not used in the progressive tenses) to be a particular size, length, amount, etc: The main bedroom measures 12ft by 15ft. + The pond measures about 2 metres across.
3 to judge the importance, value or effect of sth
Synonym: ASSESS
[VN] It is difficult to measure the success of the campaign at this stage. + Regular tests are used to measure students' progress. [also V wh-]
Phrasal Verbs: measure sb/sth against sb/sth to compare sb/sth with sb/sth: The figures are not very good when measured against those of our competitors. + a series of tasks that measure candidates against each other
measure sth<->out to take the amount of sth that you need from a larger amount: He measured out a cup of milk and added it to the mixture.
measure up
measure sb/sth<->up to measure sb/sth: We spent the morning measuring up and deciding where the furniture would go.
measure up (to sth/sb) (usually used in negative sentences and questions) to be as good, successful, etc. as expected or needed
Synonym: MATCH UP
Last year's intake just didn't measure up. + The job failed to measure up to her expectations.
+ noun
official action
1 [C] ~ (to do sth) an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim: safety / security / austerity measures + a temporary / an emergency measure + We must take preventive measures to reduce crime in the area. + The government is introducing tougher measures to combat crime. + measures against racism + Police in riot gear were in attendance as a precautionary measure.
2 [sing.] a particular amount of sth, especially a fairly large amount
Synonym: DEGREE
A measure of technical knowledge is desirable in this job. + She achieved some measure of success with her first book.
way of showing / judging
3 [sing.] a sign of the size or the strength of sth: Sending flowers is a measure of how much you care.
4 [C] a way of judging or measuring sth: an accurate measure of ability + Is this test a good measure of reading comprehension?
unit of size / quantity
5 [C, U] a unit used for stating the size, quantity or degree of sth; a system or a scale of these units: weights and measures + The Richter Scale is a measure of ground motion. + liquid / dry measure + Which measure of weight do pharmacists use?
6 [C] (especially of alcohol) a standard quantity: a generous measure of whisky
instrument for measuring
7 [C] an instrument such as a stick, a long tape or a container that is marked with standard units and is used for measuring
in music
8 [C] (AmE) = BAR (9)
Idioms: beyond measure (formal) very much: He irritated me beyond measure.
for good measure as an extra amount of sth in addition to what has already been done or given: Use 50g of rice per person and an extra spoonful for good measure. + 'I'm no good at puzzles. I can't even do crosswords,' she added for good measure.
full / short measure the whole of sth or less of sth than you expect or should have: We experienced the full measure of their hospitality. + The concert only lasted an hour, so we felt we were getting short measure.
in full measure (written) to the greatest possible degree: My expectations had been met in full measure.
get / take / have the measure of sb
get / have / take sb's measure (formal) to form an opinion about sb's character or abilities so that you can deal with them: After only one game, the chess champion had the measure of his young opponent.
in no small measure
in some, equal, etc. measure (formal) to a large extent or degree; to some, etc. extent or degree: The introduction of a new tax accounted in no small measure for the downfall of the government. + Our thanks are due in equal measure to every member of the team.
made to measure (BrE) made especially for one person according to particular measurements: You'll need to get a suit made to measure. + I'm having the curtains made to measure. + a made-to-measure suit
more at LARGE
Collocation Dictionary

1 official action to deal with a problem


appropriate, effective, necessary, practical
We urge you to adopt all necessary measures to guarantee people's safety.
| important, key, special | simple | desperate, draconian, drastic, extreme, harsh, radical, repressive, strong, tough | emergency, urgent | interim, short-term, temporary | defensive, precautionary, preventative | disciplinary, punitive | corrective, remedial | safety, security
New security measures implemented to prevent further violence.
| austerity, cost-cutting, economy, efficiency | economic, policy | government


package, range, series
a package of measures aimed at cutting pollution


adopt, implement, impose, introduce, take
Special measures are being taken to protect the local water supplies.
| propose, suggest


be aimed at sth, be designed to, be intended to


~ against
tougher measures against racism
| ~ for
measures for reducing delays

2 amount/quantity of sth


broad, considerable, fair, generous, great, significant, substantial, wide


~ of
He poured me a generous measure of whisky.


in large/some measure
His success was due in large measure to your help.
| in equal measure, in no small measure

3 unit of size/quantity


accurate, direct, objective, precise


~ of
an accurate measure of length


weights and measures

4 sign of sth


crude, simple, true, useful


~ of
Landed income was the true measure of the gentry.

More information about MEASURE


and measures ~ of
I always drink gallons of water.

half a, a quarter of a ~
half a litre of milk

a half/quarter
hour, inch, mile, ounce, pint, poundThey used to sell corned beef at 2d a quarter pound.

cubic, square ~
One litre is equivalent to 1,000 cubic centimetres.

~ square
The room is about 15 metres square.

~ broad, deep, high, long, tall, thick, wide
The new dock was 230 m long and 92 m broad.

~ bigger, cooler, faster, heavier, lighter, slower, etc.
The climate was several degrees warmer than it is now.

about, approximately, around ~
1 foot = approx. 0.3 metres

be, cover, measure, span, stretch (for) ~
used with measures of distance and areaThe National Park covers 3,000 acres. The sandy beach stretches for over four miles.

be, weigh ~
used with measures of weightShe weighed over ten stone.

be, last, take ~
used with measures of timeIt takes approximately 365 and a quarter days for the earth to revolve around the sun.

in a ~
How many centilitres are there in a litre?

in ~s
We were asked to estimate the temperature of the room in degrees.

to a/the ~
My car does 10 miles to the litre.

a, per ~
They're 99p a dozen. a safety threshold of 50 mg of nitrates per litre

by the ~
Apples are sold by the kilogram.

of ~
The path will be built to a width of 2 metres.

~ in area, length, volume, weight, size, etc.
Killer whales are up to ten metres in length.

~ by ~
a huge room measuring 50 m by 18 m

to the nearest ~
Give your answer to the nearest metre.


1 find the size of sth


accurately, exactly, precisely | carefully | directly
Any type of data that could not be directly measured was rejected.
| easily | experimentally | up
We need to measure the room up for a new carpet.


be able to, can/cannot
You can now measure its length more accurately.
| be easy to, be possible to | be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to


She's being measured for her wedding outfit.
| in
Cloth is measured in metres.

2 judge the importance/value/effect of sth


The policy's impact cannot be easily measured.
| effectively | objectively


can/cannot | be easy to, be possible to | be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to
It is hard to measure the benefits to society of this scheme.
| be used to
the criteria that are used to measure performance


according to
Is it really possible to measure the skills of such jobs according to objective standards?
| against
The school's performance is measured against a strict set of criteria.
| by
The policy's effectiveness cannot be measured by numbers alone.
| in terms of
Success cannot be measured merely in terms of the size of your salary.


a method/way of measuring sth

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