Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
lay
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
lay /lei/
  • danh từ
    • bài thơ ngắn, bài vè ngắn
    • (thơ ca) bài hát, bài ca, bài thơ
    • (thơ ca) tiếng chim, hót
    • vị trí, phương hướng
    • đường nét (của bờ sông bờ biển)
    • (từ lóng) công việc
      • that doesn't belong to my lay: cái đó không phải việc của tôi
  • ngoại động từ laid
    • xếp, để, đặt; sắp đặt, bố trí
      • to lay one's hand on someone's shouldder: để tay lên vai ai
      • to lay a child to sleep: đặt đứa bé nằm ngủ
      • to lay the foundation of socialism: đặt nền móng cho chủ nghĩa xã hội
      • to lay a plant: bố trí một kế hoạch
      • to lay a plot: sắp đặt một âm mưu
    • bày, bày biện
      • to lay the table for dinner: bày bàn ăn
    • làm xẹp xuống, làm lắng xuống, làm mất, làm hết
      • the rains has laid the dust: mưa làm lắng bụi xuống
      • to lay someone's doubts: làm ai hết nghi ngờ
    • làm rạp xuống (cây cối), phá hỏng
      • the storm laid the corps: bão là rạp cả hoa màu, bão phá hỏng hoa màu
    • đặt vào, dẫn đến, đưa đến (một hoàn cảnh, một tình trạng)
      • his bad behaviour lays me under the necessity of punishing him: cách xử sự xấu của hắn buộc tôi phải phạt hắn
    • trình bày, đưa ra
      • to lay the facts before the Commitee: trình bày sự việc trước uỷ ban
    • quy (tội), đỗ (lỗi)
      • to lay all the blame on someone: quy tất cả lỗi (trách nhiệm) vào ai
    • bắt phải chịu, đánh (thuế)
      • to lay heavy taxes on something: đánh thuế nặng vào cái gì
    • trải lên, phủ lên
      • to lay a floor with a carpet: trải thảm lên sàn
    • đánh, giáng (đòn)
      • to lay hard blows: giáng những đòn nặng nề
    • đánh cược
      • to lay that...: đánh cược răng...
    • hướng (đại bác) về phía
    • đẻ (chim)
      • hens lay eggs: gà mái đẻ trứng
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ), (từ lóng) ăn nằm với, giao hợp với
    • nội động từ
      • nằm
      • đánh cược
      • đẻ trứng (gà)
      • to lay aside
        • gác sang một bên, không nghĩ tới
      • to lay aside one's sorrow: gác nỗi buồn riêng sang một bên
      • dành dụm, để dành
        • to lay aside money for one's old age: dành dụm tiền cho đến lúc tuổi già
      • bỏ, bỏ đi
        • to lay aside one's old habits: bỏ những thói quen cũ đi
      • to lay away
        • to lay aside to lay before
          • trình bày, bày tỏ
        • to lay by
          • to lay aside to lay down
            • đặt nằm xuống, để xuống
          • cất (rượu) vào kho
          • hạ bỏ
            • to lay down one's arms: hạ vũ khí, đầu hàng
          • chuyển (một miếng đất) thành đồng cỏ (để chăn nuôi)
            • to lay down land in (to, under, with) grass: chuyển một miếng đất thành cánh đồng cỏ
          • hy sinh
            • to lay down one's life for the fatherland: hy sinh tính mệnh cho tổ quốc
          • đánh cược, cược
            • to lay down on the result of the race: đánh cược về kết quả cuộc chạy đua
          • sắp đặt, dự kiến, bắt đầu xây dựng
            • to lay down a railway: bắt đầu xây dựng một đường xe lửa
          • đề ra, tuyên bố; xác nhận, thừa
            • I lay it down that this is a very intricate question: tôi xác nhận đó là một vấn đề rất phức tạp
          • to lay for
            • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ), (từ lóng) nằm đợi
          • to lay in
            • dự trữ, để dành
          • (thông tục) đánh, quai, đấm tới tấp
          • to lay off
            • (hàng hải) lái ra xa bờ, tránh
          • ngừng (làm việc)
            • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) thải, đuổi, giãn (thợ)
          • to lay on
            • đánh, giáng đòn
          • to lay on hard blows: giáng cho những đòn nặng nề
          • rải lên, phủ lên, quét lên
            • to lay on plaster: phủ một lượt vữa, phủ vữa lên
          • đặt ống (dẫn hơi, dẫn nước...); đặt đường dây (điện)
          • to lay out
            • sắp đặt, bố trí (theo sơ đồ)
          • trình bày, phơi bày, đưa ra
          • trải ra
          • liệm (người chết)
          • tiêu (tiền)
          • (từ lóng) giết
          • dốc sức làm
            • to lay oneself out: nổ lực, dốc hết sức làm (cái gì)
          • to lay over
            • trải lên, phủ lên
          • to lay up
            • trữ, để dành
          • to lay about one
            • đánh tứ phía
          • to lay bare
            • (xem) bare
          • to lay one's bones
            • gửi xương, gửi xác ở đâu
          • to lay somebody by the heels
            • (xem) heel
          • to lay captive
            • bắt giữ, cầm tù
          • to lay one's card on the table
            • (xem) card
          • to lay fast
            • nắm chặt, giữ chặt, không cho chạy thoát
          • to laythe fire
            • xếp củi để đốt
          • to lay great store upon (on) someone
            • đánh giá cao ai
          • to lay hands on
            • (xem) hand
          • to lay heads together
            • (xem) head
          • to lay hold of (on)
            • nắm chặt, giữ chặt, tóm, bắt
          • lợi dụng
          • to lay it on thick
            • (xem) thick
          • to lay an information agaisnt somebody
            • đệ đơn kiện ai
          • to lay one's hope on
            • đặt hy vọng vào
          • to lay open
            • tách vỏ ra
          • to lay siege to
            • bao vây
          • to lay under contribution
            • (xem) contribution
          • to lay stress on
            • nhấn mạnh
          • to lay something to heart
            • (xem) heart
          • to lay to rest (to sleep)
            • chôn
          • to lay under an obligation
            • làm cho (ai) phải chịu ơn
          • to lay under necessity
            • bắt buộc (ai) phải
          • to lay waste
            • tàu phá
        • tính từ
          • không theo giáo hội, phi giáo hội, thế tục
          • không chuyên môn
            • lay opinion: ý kiến của người không chuyên môn
        • thời quá khứ của lie
    Concise Dictionary
    laid|lays|layingleɪ
    noun
    +a narrative song with a recurrent refrain
    +a narrative poem of popular origin
    verb
    +put into a certain place or abstract location
    +put in a horizontal position
    +prepare or position for action or operation
    +lay eggs
    +impose as a duty, burden, or punishment
    adj.
    +concerning those not members of the clergy
    +not of or from a profession

    lain|lay|lying|lies|liedlaɪ
    noun
    +a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth
    +Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968)
    +position or manner in which something is situated
    verb
    +be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position
    +be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position
    +originate (in)
    +be and remain in a particular state or condition
    +tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive
    +have a place in relation to something else
    +assume a reclining position

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 place, put (down), set (down), position, deposit; spread:
    Lay the cloth on the table, then lay the book on top of it.
    2 set, arrange:
    The table was laid for four.
    3 Often, lay down. establish, build, construct:
    Before I can argue my case, I must lay a firm foundation of trust.
    4 stake, bet, wager, gamble, hazard, risk:
    I'll lay ten to one that you won't be able to move that crate.
    5 destroy, suppress, exorcize:
    Did Edward ever succeed in laying that ghost of a rumour that haunted his career for so long?
    6 present, offer, submit, set or put forth, advance, bring or put forward, set out:
    We have laid our proposal before the board.
    7 charge, impute, direct, lodge, prefer, aim, attribute, ascribe:
    There is no justification for laying the blame on Leonard.
    8 copulate (with), couple (with), have (sexual) intercourse (with), sleep (with), lie (with), bed, go to bed (with), mate (with), have sex (with), go all the way (with), service, Slang screw, shack up (with), Brit roger, Taboo fuck.
    9 lay bare. expose, reveal, uncover, disclose, divulge, bring to light, show, unveil, lift the veil from:
    She laid bare the most intimate details of their relationship.
    10 lay down. stipulate, require, demand, insist on, dictate:
    She laid down the conditions on which he could return home.
    11 lay hold of. seize, grab, snatch, nab, catch or get hold of, get:
    I have been trying to lay hold of that book for weeks.
    12 lay in. See 19 (a), below.
    13 lay into. attack, assault, set about, assail, lambaste, belabour:
    We laid into the gang and gave them a sound drubbing.
    14 lay it on. exaggerate, overstate, embroider:
    Don't believe what Frank tells you - he really lays it on pretty thick sometimes
    15 lay low. See 18 (c), below.
    16 lay off.
    (a) suspend; dismiss, discharge, fire, let go, cashier, drum out of the corps, Colloq (give the) sack, (give the) axe, kick out, (give the) boot, boot out, give (someone) his or her walking papers:
    Fifty workers were laid off because business was slack.
    (b) let up, quit (it), stop (it), cease, desist, leave off, leave alone, Colloq knock (it) off, cut (it) out, come off (it):
    I wish you'd lay off for a while and stop bothering me. You must lay off phoning your mother twice a day
    17 lay on.
    (a) provide, cater (for), supply:
    The company laid on quite a Christmas party.
    (b) impose, charge, assess; demand, require:
    In addition to enforcing payment of back taxes, they laid on a penalty of 20 per cent
    18 lay out.
    (a) design, plan, outline, sketch, arrange, set up:
    The art department laid out the advertisements for the new campaign.
    (b) advance, disburse, spend, expend, pay, give, contribute, Colloq shell out, ante up, kick in with, fork out:
    The salesmen often lay out the money for their expenses and are then reimbursed.
    (c) lay low, floor, prostrate, knock down or out, strike or cut down, flatten, fell, strike down, Colloq knock for six, kayo or K.O.:
    He laid out the challenger with a blow to the solar plexus.
    19 lay up.
    (a) lay in, amass, accumulate, save (up), hoard, preserve, store, keep, put away, put by:
    We laid up a supply of canned goods for the winter.
    (b) hospitalize, incapacitate, disable, confine to bed, keep indoors:
    She has been laid up with a virus all week.
    adj.
    1 secular, non-clerical, laic, non-ecclesiastical:
    He served as a lay preacher for many years.
    2 amateur, non-professional, non-specialist:
    Members of the lay public did not immediately understand the dangers of the greenhouse effect.
    n.
    ballad, song, air, refrain, strain, melody; poem, ode, lyric, rhyme, ballade:
    Macaulay wrote a book entitled Lays of Ancient Rome .
    Advanced English Dictionary
    verb, adjective, noun-see also LIE v.
    + verb (laid, laid )
    put down / spread
    1 [usually +adv./prep.] to put sb/sth in a particular position, especially when it is done gently or carefully: [VN] She laid the baby down gently on the bed. + He laid a hand on my arm. + The horse laid back its ears. + Relatives laid wreaths on the grave. + [VN-ADJ] The cloth should be laid flat.
    Help Note: Some speakers confuse this sense of lay with lie, especially in the present and progressive tenses. However, lay has an object and lie does not: She was lying on the beach. + She was laying on the beach. + Why don't you lie on the bed? + Why don't you lay on the bed? In the past tenses laid (from lay) is often wrongly used for lay or lain (from lie):
    She had lain there all night. + She had laid there all night.

    2 [VN] ~ sth (down) to put sth down, especially on the floor, ready to be used: to lay a carpet / cable / pipe + The foundations of the house are being laid today. + (figurative) They had laid the groundwork for future development.
    3 [VN] ~ A (on / over B)
    ~ B with A to spread sth on sth; to cover sth with a layer of sth: Before they started they laid newspaper on the floor. + The floor was laid with newspaper. + The grapes were laid to dry on racks.
    eggs
    4 if a bird, an insect, a fish, etc. lays eggs, it produces them from its body: [VN] The cuckoo lays its eggs in other birds' nests. + new-laid eggs + [V] The hens are not laying well (= not producing many eggs).
    table
    5 [VN] (BrE) to arrange knives, forks, plates, etc. on a table ready for a meal
    Synonym: SET
    to lay the table
    present proposal
    6 [VN] to present a proposal, some information, etc. to sb for them to think about and decide on: The bill was laid before Parliament.
    difficult situation
    7 [VN] (formal) to put sb/sth in a particular position or state, especially a difficult or unpleasant one: to lay a responsibility / burden on sb + to lay sb under an obligation to do sth
    with nouns
    8 [VN] used with a noun to form a phrase that has the same meaning as the verb related to the noun: to lay the blame on sb (= to blame sb) + Our teacher lays great stress on good spelling (= stresses it strongly).
    plan / trap
    9 [VN] to prepare sth in detail: to lay a trap for sb + She began to lay her plans for her escape. + Bad weather can upset even the best-laid plans.
    have sex
    10 [VN] [often passive] (!!!, slang) to have sex with sb: He went out hoping to get laid that night.
    fire
    11 [VN] to prepare a fire by arranging wood, sticks or coal
    bet
    12 to bet money on sth; to place a bet: [VN] to lay a bet + She had laid $100 on the favourite. + I think he'll come, but I wouldn't lay money on it. + [VNN, VN (that)] [no passive] I'll lay you any money you like (that) he won't come.
    Idioms: Idioms containing lay are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example lay sth bare is at bare.
    Phrasal Verbs: lay about sb (with sth) (BrE) to attack sb violently: The gang laid about him with sticks.
    lay about you / yourself (with sth) (BrE) to hit sb/sth without control or move your arms or legs violently in all directions: She laid about herself with her stick to keep the dogs off.
    lay sth<->aside (formal)
    1 to put sth on one side and not use it or think about it: He laid aside his book and stood up. + (figurative) Doctors have to lay their personal feelings aside.
    2 (also lay sth by) to keep sth to use, or deal with later: They had laid money aside for their old age.
    lay sth<->down to put sth down or stop using it: She laid the book down on the table. + Both sides were urged to lay down their arms (= stop fighting).
    lay sth down
    1 (formal) to stop doing a job, etc: to lay down your office / duties
    2 if you lay down a rule or a principle, you state officially that people must obey it or use it: You can't lay down hard and fast rules. + [+ that] It is laid down that all candidates must submit three copies of their dissertation.
    3 [usually passive] to produce sth that is stored and gradually increases: If you eat too much, the surplus is laid down as fat.
    lay sth<->in / up to collect and store sth to use in the future: to lay in food supplies
    lay into sb/sth (informal) to attack sb violently with blows or words: His parents really laid into him for wasting so much money.
    lay off
    lay off sb/sth (informal, spoken) used to tell sb to stop doing sth: Lay off me will you-it's nothing to do with me. + [+ -ing] Lay off bullying Jack.
    lay off sth (informal) to stop using sth: I think you'd better lay off fatty foods for a while.
    lay sb<->off to stop employing sb because there is not enough work for them to do
    Synonym: MAKE SB REDUNDANT
    200 workers at the factory have been laid off.
    related noun LAY-OFF
    lay sth<->on (BrE, informal) to provide sth for sb, especially food or entertainment: to lay on food and drink + A bus has been laid on to take guests to the airport.
    lay sth on sb to make sb have to deal with sth unpleasant or difficult: Stop laying a guilt trip on me (= making me feel guilty).
    lay sb<->out
    1 to knock sb unconscious
    2 to prepare a dead body to be buried
    lay sth<->out
    1 to spread sth out so that it can be seen easily or is ready to use: He laid the map out on the table. + [+ADJ] Lay the material out flat.
    2 [often passive] to plan how sth should look and arrange it in this way: The gardens were laid out with lawns, flower beds and fountains. + a well laid out magazine
    related noun LAYOUT
    3 to present a plan, an argument, etc. clearly and carefully
    Synonym: SET OUT
    All the terms and conditions are laid out in the contract.
    4 (informal) to spend money: I had to lay out a fortune on a new car.
    related noun OUTLAY
    lay over (at / in ...) (AmE) to stay somewhere for a short time during a long journey
    related noun LAYOVER
    See also - STOP OVER
    lay sb up [usually passive] if sb is laid up, they are unable to work, etc. because of an illness or injury: She's laid up with a broken leg.
    lay sth - up
    1 = LAY STH IN
    2 if you lay up problems or trouble for yourself, you do sth that will cause you problems later
    3 to stop using a ship or other vehicle while it is being repaired
    + adjective [only before noun]
    1 not having expert knowledge or professional qualifications in a particular subject: His book explains the theory for the lay public.
    2 not in an official position in the Church: a lay preacher
    See also - LAYMAN, LAYWOMAN, LAYPERSON
    + noun
    1 (!!!, slang) a partner in sex, especially a woman: an easy lay (= a person who is ready and willing to have sex) + to be a great lay
    2 (old use) a poem that was written to be sung, usually telling a story
    Idioms: the lay of the land (AmE) = THE LIE OF THE LAND
    Collocation Dictionary
    verb

    ADV.

    carefully, gently, tenderly | down
    He laid the books down on the table.

    PREP.

    on
    She laid the child tenderly on the bed.
    | over
    They carefully laid a blanket over the body.
    PHRASAL VERBS lay sth out

    ADV.

    tastefully, well
    The owners have built a gift shop and a tastefully laid out caravan site.



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