judgeEnglish - Vietnamese Dictionary
judge /'dʤʌdʤ/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- người am hiểu, người sành sỏi
- a judge of art: người am hiểu nghệ thuật
- ngoại động từ
- xét xử, phân xử (một vụ kiện, một người có tội...)
- xét, xét đoán, phán đoán, đánh giá
- do not judge people by appearance: đừng xét người theo bề ngoài
- xét thấy, cho rằng, thấy rằng
- if you judge it to be necessary: nếu anh xét thấy cái đó là cần thiết
- (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) phê bình, chỉ trích
- nội động từ
- làm người phân xử, làm trọng tài
+a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
+an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
+determine the result of (a competition)
+form a critical opinion of
+judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
+pronounce judgment on
+put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of
Advanced English Dictionary
1 justice, magistrate, jurist, Isle of Man deemster or dempster, Slang Brit beak:
The judge demanded order in the court.
2 arbitrator, arbiter, umpire, referee, adjudicator, judicator, mediator, moderator:
She served as a judge at Crufts dog show last year.
3 connoisseur, expert, authority, arbiter, appraiser, evaluator, reviewer, critic, arbiter elegantiarum or elegantiae:
Let me be the judge of which work I do best.
4 adjudicate, adjudge, arbitrate, decide, find, conclude, settle, determine, decree, pass judgement, deem, rule, pronounce or pass sentence:
Do you think the jury will judge in Claus's favour?
5 assess, evaluate, appraise, estimate, rate, value, weigh, measure, review, consider, size up, appreciate:
A ballistics expert is required to judge this evidence.
6 referee, umpire, mediate, moderate, arbitrate:
Mr Farnsworth agreed to judge the essay competition.
7 believe, suspect, think, consider, suppose, guess, conjecture, surmise, conclude, infer:
Palaeontologists judge the age of the specimens to be 400 million years.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
in court of law
1 a person in a court of law who has the authority to decide how criminals should be punished or to make legal decisions: a High Court judge + a federal judge + The case comes before Judge Cooper next week. + The judge sentenced him to five years in prison.
Compare: JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, MAGISTRATE
2 a person who decides who has won a competition: the panel of judges at the flower show + The judges' decision is final.
sb who gives opinion
3 [usually sing.] a person who has the necessary knowledge or skills to give their opinion about the value or quality of sb/sth: She's a good judge of character. + The last singer was the best-not that I'm any judge (= I do not know much about the subject). + 'I'm not sure that's a good way to do it.' 'Let me be the judge of that.'
1 to form an opinion about sb/sth, based on the information you have: [V] As far as I can judge, all of them are to blame. + Judging by her last letter, they are having a wonderful time. + To judge from what he said, he was very disappointed. + [VN] Schools should not be judged only on exam results. + Each painting must be judged on its own merits. + [VN-N, VN to inf] The tour was judged a great success. + The tour was judged to have been a great success. + [VN-ADJ] They judged it wise to say nothing. [also V that, VN that, V wh-]
2 to guess the size, amount, etc. of sth: [V wh-] It's difficult to judge how long the journey will take. + [VN to inf] I judged him to be about 50.
3 to decide the result of a competition; to be the judge in a competition: [VN] She was asked to judge the essay competition. [also V]
4 to give your opinion about sb, especially when you disapprove of them: [VN] What gives you the right to judge other people? [also V]
in court of law
5 to decide whether sb is guilty or innocent in a court of law: [VN] to judge a case + [VN-ADJ] to judge sb guilty / not guilty
Idioms: don't judge a book by its cover (saying) used to say that you should not form an opinion about sb/sth from their appearance only
1 applies the law
experienced | learned | senior | presiding, trial | deputy | appeal (court), appellate, circuit, county court, district, federal, High Court, Supreme Court
VERB + JUDGE
be, sit as
By next year you could be sitting as a High Court judge.
| appoint (sb as)
JUDGE + VERB
Which judge will be sitting next week?
| call sb
The judge called the remaining witness for the Crown.
| direct sb
The judge must direct the jury on points of law.
| consider sth | accept sth, admit sth
The judge admitted the notes of the interview as evidence.
| dismiss sth, refuse sth, reject sth
The trial judge dismissed her compensation claim.
| conclude sth, decide sth, find sth, hold sth, rule sth, uphold sth
The judge held that the company had been negligent.
| sum up
The judge summed up and the jury retired to consider its verdict.
| sentence sb | order sth
The judge ordered the company to pay compensation to the claimant.
| award (sb) sth, grant (sb) sth
The judge awarded him damages of £20,000.
2 decides who has won a competition
competition | independent
a panel of independent judges
VERB + JUDGE
choose sb/sth, decide sth
the judges' decision
The judges' decision on the entries is final.
3 has the ability/knowledge to give an opinion
astute, good, great, shrewd
You are the best judge of what your body needs. a shrewd judge of character
| poor | impartial
He is a good judge of footballing talent. verb
correctly, rightly | wrongly
I think I judged the distance wrongly.
| fairly, properly | harshly
I think you're judging her rather harshly.
| objectively | beautifully, carefully, finely, nicely, perfectly, well
Their performance of the concerto was beautifully judged and finely controlled. ‘There's something I haven't told you.’ She judged her words carefully. The bowler judged it well, timing the ball to perfection.
Those who preach intolerance should be judged accordingly.
VERB + JUDGE
be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to | be able to, be in a position to
I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong.
| learn to
learning to judge distances
He believed that schools should be judged according to strictly academic criteria.
judging his own performance against the performance of others
You will be judged by the work you have produced over the year.
The age of the furniture can be judged from the type of wood used.
Your slogan will be judged on its originality and style.
criteria for judging
People use different criteria for judging success at school.
| don't judge a book by its cover
(figurative) (= don't judge sth by how it looks),
judge by appearances, judging by/from sth
He seems to have been a popular person, judging by the number of people at his funeral.
| to judge by/from
To judge from what she said, she was very disappointed.
| judge for youself
Readers are left to judge for themselves whether McCrombie is hero or villain.
| judge sth on its merits
Each painting must be judged on its own merits.
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