Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
initial
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
initial /i'niʃəl/
  • tính từ
    • ban đầu, đầu
    • (ngôn ngữ học) ở đầu
    • danh từ
      • chữ đầu (từ)
      • (số nhiều) tên họ viết tắt
      • ngoại động từ
        • ký tắt vào; viết tắt tên vào
      Concise Dictionary
      initialled|initialling|initials|initialed|initialingɪ'nɪʃl
      noun
      +the first letter of a word (especially a person's name)
      verb
      +mark with one's initials
      adj.
      +occurring at the beginning
      Thesaurus Dictionary
      adj.
      1 original, primary, first; prime, beginning, incipient, inaugural, opening, introductory, commencing:
      His initial plan, to take the children, was vetoed by his wife. It is best to tread cautiously during the initial stages of the programme.
      v.
      2 sign, approve, endorse:
      Please initial the clauses of the contract that we have changed.
      n.
      3 monogram:
      The initial 'M' is on all their towels.
      Advanced English Dictionary
      adjective, noun, verb
      + adjective [only before noun] happening at the beginning; first: an initial payment of £60 and ten instalments of £25 + in the initial stages (= at the beginning) of the campaign + My initial reaction was to decline the offer.
      + noun
      1 [C] the first letter of a person's first name: 'What initial is it, Mrs Owen?' 'It's J, J for Jane.'
      2 (initials) [pl.] the first letters of all of a person's names: John Fitzgerald Kennedy was often known by his initials JFK. + Just write your initials.
      + verb (-ll-, AmE usually -l-) [VN] to mark or sign sth with your initials: Please initial each page and sign in the space provided. + The agreement was finally initialled on May 8.
      Collocation Dictionary
      noun

      VERB + INITIAL

      have
      The two authors have the same initials.
      | be/become known by
      She's always been known by her initials.
      | use | bear, carry
      A stone over the door bears the initials ‘R.P.’, which stand for ‘Ralph Piggot’.
      | carve, embroider, engrave (sth with), mark sth with, monogram sth with, put, sign, stamp (sth with), write
      He carved his girlfriend's initials in the rock. Now that she was managing director she could put the initials MD after her name.

      INITIAL + VERB

      stand for sth

      PREP.

      ~ for
      When writing, if you use initials for a long name, make sure you spell out the name at least once.



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