Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
independent /,indi'pendənt/
  • tính từ
    • độc lập
      • an independent state: một quốc gia độc lập
      • independent research: sự nghiên cứu độc lập
      • independent clause: (ngôn ngữ học) mệnh đề đọc lập
    • không lệ thuộc, không phụ thuộc, không tuỳ thuộc
      • to be independent of something: không phụ thuộc vào cái gì
    • đủ sung túc, không cần phải làm ăn gì để kiếm sống
      • an independent income: tiền thu nhập đủ sung túc
    • tự nó đã có giá trị, tự nó đã hiệu nghiệm
      • independent proofs: những bằng chứng tự chúng đã có giá trị
  • danh từ
    • người không phụ thuộc; vật không phụ thuộc
    • (chính trị) người không đảng phái, người độc lập
Concise Dictionary
+a neutral or uncommitted person (especially in politics)
+a writer or artist who sells services to different employers without a long-term contract with any of them
+free from external control and constraint
+not dependent on or conditioned by or relative to anything else
+(of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces
+not contingent
+(of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence
+not controlled by a party or interest group

Thesaurus Dictionary
1 free, self-governing, autonomous, sovereign:
In 1829 Greece was acknowledged as an independent state.
2 unrestrained, unrestricted, unfettered, untrammelled, unregulated, uncontrolled, separate(d), unconnected, disconnected, unrelated, distinct:
Air is made up of independent particles.
3 self-reliant, self-sufficient, self-assured, (self-)confident, bold, individualistic, competent:
For a six-year-old, he is very independent.
4 voluntary, non-partisan, spontaneous, unsolicited, unbidden, unprejudiced, unbiased, non-aligned, unaligned, disinterested, neutral:
Four independent witnesses testified to seeing him at the scene of the crime
5 unlimited, unrestricted, affluent, self-sufficient; unearned:
She is a woman of independent means.
6 unallied, unaffiliated, uncommitted, individualistic, undecided:
Independent candidates outnumber those of the two main parties in this election
7 outside, external, unaffiliated, non-affiliated, unconnected, disinterested:
An independent auditor was engaged to go over the company's books.
8 independent of. irrespective of, disregarding, notwithstanding, ignoring, excluding; exclusive of, except for, barring, apart from, besides, beyond, US aside from:
He insists on doing things his way, independent of others' feelings. Independent of you and me, no one cares what he does.
9 individual, nonconformist, maverick, Colloq loner:
He is an independent, not affiliated to any political party.
Advanced English Dictionary
adjective, noun
+ adjective
1 ~ (from / of sth) (of countries) having their own government: Mozambique became independent in 1975.
2 done or given by sb who is not involved in a situation and so is able to judge it fairly: an independent inquiry / witness + She went to a lawyer for some independent advice.
3 ~ (of sb/sth) not connected with or influenced by sth; not connected with each other: The police force should be independent of direct government control. + Two independent research bodies reached the same conclusions.
4 supported by private money rather than government money: independent television / schools + the independent sector
5 ~ (of sb/sth) confident and free to do things without needing help from other people: Going away to college has made me much more independent. + She's a very independent-minded young woman. + Students should aim to become more independent of their teachers.
6 ~ (of sb/sth) having or earning enough money so that you do not have to rely on sb else for help: It was important to me to be financially independent of my parents. + a man of independent means (= with a private income)
7 not representing or belonging to a particular political party: an independent candidate
independently adverb ~ (of sb/sth): The two departments work independently of each other. + It was the first time that she had lived independently.
+ noun (abbreviation Ind.) a member of parliament, candidate, etc. who does not belong to a particular political party: She's standing as an independent at the next election.
Collocation Dictionary

1 not needing other people


be, feel, seem | become | remain | make sb
Travelling in Asia has made her a lot more independent.


fiercely, sturdily, very
Many disabled people are fiercely independent.
| completely | fairly, pretty, quite | economically, financially


By the age of eighteen he was completely independent of his parents.

2 not influenced or controlled by anyone else


be | become | remain | make sth | declare sth
In 1961 the country was declared independent.


completely, entirely, fully, genuinely, quite, totally, truly, wholly | almost, fairly, largely, virtually | increasingly | effectively, essentially
The country has pursued an effectively independent line on military issues.
| nominally, supposedly | newly
newly independent countries
| politically


The country became fully independent from France in 1960.
| of
an organization that is independent of the government

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