Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
harden /'hɑ:dn/
  • ngoại động từ
    • làm cho cứng, làm cho rắn
    • (kỹ thuật) tôi (thép...)
    • (nghĩa bóng) làm chai điếng, làm cứng rắn, làm trở thành nhẫn tâm
      • to harden someone's heart: làm cho lòng ai chai điếng đi
    • làm cho dày dạn
    • nội động từ
      • cứng lại, rắn lại
      • (nghĩa bóng) chai điếng đi, cứng rắn lại, trở thành nhẫn tâm (trái tim...)
      • dày dạn đi
    Concise Dictionary
    hardens|hardened|hardening'hɑrdn /'hɑː-
    +become hard or harder
    +make hard or harder
    +harden by reheating and cooling in oil
    +make fit
    +cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    1 set, solidify, stiffen, freeze:
    The concrete will harden overnight.
    2 intensify, strengthen, brace, fortify, toughen, reinforce, stiffen:
    The opposition have hardened their stand against privatization.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    + verb
    1 to become or make sth become firm, stiff or solid: [V] The varnish takes a few hours to harden. + (figurative) Their suspicions hardened into certainty. + [VN] a method for hardening and preserving wood
    2 if your voice, face, etc. hardens, or you harden it, it becomes more serious or severe: [V] Her face hardened into an expression of hatred. + [VN] He hardened his voice when he saw she wasn't listening.
    3 if sb's feelings or attitudes harden or sb/sth hardens them, they become more fixed and determined: [V] Public attitudes to the strike have hardened. + Opinion seems to be hardening against the invasion. + [VN] The incident hardened her resolve to leave the company.
    4 [VN] [usually passive] to make sb less kind or less affected by extreme situations: Joe sounded different, hardened by the war. + They were hardened criminals (= they showed no regret for their crimes). + In this job you have to harden your heart to pain and suffering. + Life has hardened me. + I need to harden myself against disappointment.
    hardening noun [U, sing.]: hardening of the arteries + a hardening of attitudes towards one-parent families

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