Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
guard
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
guard /gɑ:d/
  • danh từ
    • (thể dục,thể thao) sự thủ thế, sự giữ miếng (đấu gươm, quyền Anh...)
      • to take guard; to give guard: thủ thế, giữ miếng
      • to break guard: để hở miếng (đấu gươm)
    • sự đề phòng
      • to be on one's guard: cảnh giác đề phòng
      • to be off one's guard: mất cảnh giác không đề phòng; lơ là không đề phòng
      • to be caught off one's guard: bị chộp thình lình lúc không đề phòng
    • cái chắn
    • (quân sự) sự thay phiên gác; lính gác; đội canh gác
      • to relieve guard: thay phiên gác
      • to stand guard: đứng gác
      • to mount guard: làm nhiệm vụ canh gác
    • người bảo vệ; (số nhiều) cận vệ, vệ binh
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) lính canh trại giam; đội lính canh trại giam
    • (quân sự) đội quân
      • the guard of honour: đội danh dự
    • (ngành đường sắt) trưởng tàu
    • động từ
      • bảo vệ; gác, canh giữ
        • to guard a camp: bảo vệ doanh trại
        • to guard one's reputation: bảo vệ thanh danh
        • to guard prisoners: canh tù
      • (+ against) đề phòng, phòng, giữ gìn
        • to guard against disease: phòng bệnh
        • to guard one's words: giữ gìn lời nói
        • to guard oneself: giữ mình, đề phòng
      • (kỹ thuật) che, chắn (máy, dây curoa, bánh răng...)
    Concise Dictionary
    guards|guarded|guardinggɑrd /gɑːd
    noun
    +a person who keeps watch over something or someone
    +the person who plays that position on a football team
    +a device designed to prevent injury
    +a posture of defence in boxing or fencing
    +the person who plays the position of guard on a basketball team
    +a group of men who escort and protect some important person
    +a precautionary measure warding off impending danger or damage or injury etc.
    +the duty of serving as a sentry
    +a position on the line of scrimmage
    +a position on a basketball team
    verb
    +to keep watch over
    +watch over or shield from danger or harm; protect
    +protect against a challenge or attack
    +take precautions in order to avoid some unwanted consequence

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 protect, shield, safeguard, (keep or stand) watch (over), defend, convoy, escort, police, look after, tend, mind:
    Only three men will be guarding the bullion when we make our move.
    2 control, mind:
    Guard your tongue - the walls have ears.
    n.
    3 sentinel, watchman, sentry, security guard, custodian, guardian, protector, picket, watch, bodyguard; evzone, bashibazouk; Brit warder, wardress, Slang screw, Brit minder:
    The guards go to eat at noon.
    4 protection, convoy, escort, patrol:
    A guard of six men will accompany the van along this route.
    5 defence, protection, safety, safeguard, security, shield:
    This bandage will serve as a guard against infection.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    people who protect
    1 [C] a person, such as a soldier, a police officer or a prison officer, who protects a place or people, or prevents prisoners from escaping: a security guard + border guards + The prisoner slipped past the guards on the gate and escaped. + A guard was posted outside the building.
    Compare: WARDER
    See also - BODYGUARD, COASTGUARD, LIFEGUARD
    2 [C+sing./pl. v.] a group of people, such as soldiers or police officers, who protect sb/sth: the captain of the guard + the changing of the guard (= when one group replaces another) + The guard is / are being inspected today. + Fellow airmen provided a guard of honour at his wedding. + The President always travels with an armed guard.
    See also - NATIONAL GUARD, OLD GUARD, REARGUARD
    3 [U] the act or duty of protecting property, places or people from attack or danger; the act or duty of preventing prisoners from escaping: a sentry on guard (= at his or her post, on duty) + to do guard duty + The escaped prisoner was brought back under armed guard. + The terrorist was kept under police guard. + One of the men kept guard, while the other broke into the house.
    soldiers
    4 (the Guards) [pl.] (in Britain and some other countries) special REGIMENTS of soldiers whose original duty was to protect the king or queen: the Scots Guards + a Guards officer
    against injury
    5 [C] (often in compounds) something that covers a part of a person's body or a dangerous part of a machine to prevent injury: a mouth guard + Ensure the guard is in place before operating the machine.
    See also - FIREGUARD, MUDGUARD, SAFEGUARD, SHIN GUARD
    on train
    6 [C] (BrE, becoming old-fashioned) = CONDUCTOR (2)
    in boxing / fencing
    7 [U] a position you take to defend yourself, especially in a sport such as boxing or FENCING: to drop / keep up your guard + (figurative) In spite of the awkward questions the minister never let his guard fall for a moment.
    Idioms: be on your guard to be very careful and prepared for sth difficult or dangerous
    mount / stand / keep guard (over sb/sth) to watch or protect sb/sth: Four soldiers stood guard over the coffin.
    off (your) guard not careful or prepared for sth difficult or dangerous: The lawyer's apparently innocent question was designed to catch the witness off (his) guard.
    + verb [VN]
    1 to protect property, places or people from attack or danger: The dog was guarding its owner's luggage. + political leaders guarded by the police + You can't get in; the whole place is guarded. + (figurative) a closely guarded secret
    2 to prevent prisoners from escaping: The prisoners were guarded by soldiers.
    Phrasal Verbs: guard against sth to take care to prevent sth or to protect yourself from sth: to guard against accidents / error / loss / disease
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 person who guards sb/sth

    ADJ.

    armed, uniformed
    The building is protected by armed guards.
    | border, prison, security

    VERB + GUARD

    post
    Guards had been posted all around the radio station.

    GUARD + VERB

    patrol sth
    Guards patrolled the perimeter fence.
    | protect sth

    GUARD + NOUN

    duty | dog

    2 being ready to prevent attack or danger

    ADJ.

    close | constant | armed
    The accused was taken to court under armed guard.
    | police

    VERB + GUARD

    keep, mount, stand
    Soldiers stood guard on the city gates.

    PREP.

    off your ~
    The question seemed to catch him off his guard.
    | on (your) ~
    Several police officers were on guard outside the factory. He was always on his guard against moneymaking schemes.
    | under ~
    The prisoners were under close guard.
    | ~ against, ~ over
    Two police officers kept guard over the burnt-out building.

    3 group of soldiers/policemen who guard sb/sth

    ADJ.

    civil, national, palace, presidential | advance

    VERB + GUARD

    change
    The guard was changed every two hours.
    | call out
    It would only be a matter of minutes before the alarm was raised and the guard called out.

    PHRASES

    guard of honour
    Fellow soldiers from Corporal Smith's regiment formed a guard of honour at his wedding.

    verb

    ADV.

    well
    The mountain pass is well guarded.
    | carefully
    a bird carefully guarding its eggs
    | fiercely, jealously
    She jealously guarded her position of power.

    PREP.

    against
    guarding the city against attack
    | from
    pop stars who need to be guarded from their fans

    PHRASES

    closely/heavily/securely guarded
    The military base is closely guarded.
    | guard sb/sth with your life
    He was under instructions to guard the key with his life.
    | strictly/tightly guarded
    strictly guarded privacy



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