English - Vietnamese Dictionary
ground /graund/Concise Dictionary
- thời quá khứ & động tính từ quá khứ của grind
- danh từ
- mặt đất, đất
- to sit on the ground: ngồi trên (mặt) đất
- to cut a tree to the ground: đốn cây sát góc (đất)
- below ground: đã chết và chôn rồi
- to break fresh ground: khai khẩn đất mới; khai hoang, vỡ hoang; (nghĩa bóng) làm ra cái gì mới; tiếp xúc (vấn đề gì) lần đầu tiên
- bâi đất, khu đất; ruộng đất (của ai)
- a volleyball ground: bãi bóng chuyền
- (số nhiều) đất đai vườn tược
- an old mansion with extensive grounds: một toà lâu đài cổ với đất đai vườn tược rộng rãi
- vị trí; khu đất; khoảng cách (trên mặt đất)
- to keep one's ground: giữ vững vị trí; giữ vững lập trường lý lẽ
- to give (lose) ground: rút lui, thoái lui; mất vị trí; suy sụp
- đáy (biển, hồ...)
- to touch ground: sát đất (đáy biển); (nghĩa bóng) đạt tới một cái gì chắc chắn (sau khi bàn bạc lan man...)
- a design of pink roses on a white ground: mẫu trang trí hoa hồng trên nền tảng
- ((thường) số nhiều) lý lẽ, lý do, căn cứ, cớ
- to have good ground(s) for the believing something: có đủ lý do để tin một điều gì
- on what grounds do you suspect him?: vì cớ gì anh nghi kỵ anh ta?
- đề cập nhiều vấn đề (bản báo cáo, bài tường thuật...)
- to cut the ground from under somebody's feet
- năm trước ý đồ của ai mà làm cho tâng hẫng
- forbidden ground
- (nghĩa bóng) vấn đề cần nói đến
- hope are dashed to the ground
- ngoại động từ
- (+ on) dựa vào, căn cứ vào, đặt vào
- to ground one's hopes on: đặt hy vọng vào
- (+ in) truyền thụ (cho ai) những kiến thức vững vàng
- the teacher grounded his pupils in arithmetic: thầy giáo truyền thu cho học sinh những kiến thức vững vàng về số học
- đặt nền (cho một bức hoạ, bức thêu...)
- đặt xuống đất
- ground arms!: (quân sự) đặt súng xuống!
- (hàng hải) làm cho (tàu) mắc cạn
- (hàng không) làm cho (máy bay) không cất cánh; bắn rơi, làm rơi xuống đất
- fog grounds all aircraft at N: sương mù làm cho tất cả máy bay ở sân N không cất cánh được
+the solid part of the earth's surface
+a rational motive for a belief or action
+the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
+a relation that provides the foundation for something
+a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle)
+the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground
+material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
+a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused
+a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
+(art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
+the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface
+fix firmly and stably
+confine or restrict to the ground
+place or put on the ground
+instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
+bring to the ground
+hit or reach the ground
+throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
+hit a groundball
+hit onto the ground
+cover with a primer; apply a primer to
+connect to a ground
+use as a basis for; found on
+an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or studying excessively
+hard monotonous routine work
+the act of grinding to a powder or dust
+press or grind with a crunching noise
+make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together
+reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
+dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way, often while in contact with one's partner such that the dancers' legs are interlaced
+created by grinding
+shape or form by grinding
Advanced English Dictionary
1 earth, soil, turf, sod, dirt, loam, clay; land, terrain:
There is a great hole in the ground behind my house.
2 territory, area, range, scope, compass:
We covered the ground quite thoroughly at our meeting.
3 Often, grounds. basis, foundation, base, reason, footing, justification, rationale, argument, cause, motive, excuse:
What are her grounds for suing for divorce?
4 grounds. sediment, dregs, lees, deposit, settlings, Brit grouts:
Filter out the grounds before drinking the coffee.
5 base, establish, organize, found; settle, set:
The school's philosophy is grounded on the principles of Maria Montessori
6 instruct, teach, train, coach, tutor, inform, prepare, initiate:
The purpose of the course is to ground students in basic mathematics.
noun, verb, adjective-see also GRIND v.Collocation Dictionary
surface of earth
1 (often the ground) [U] the solid surface of the earth: I found her lying on the ground. + He lost his balance and fell to the ground. + 2 metres above / below ground + Most of the monkeys' food is found at ground level. + ground forces (= soldiers that fight on land, not in the air or at sea) - EARTH
2 [U] soil on the surface of the earth: fertile ground for planting crops
area of land
3 [U] an area of open land: The kids were playing on waste ground behind the school.
4 [C] (often in compounds) (BrE) an area of land that is used for a particular purpose, activity or sport: a football / recreation / sports ground + ancient burial grounds
See also - BREEDING GROUND, DUMPING GROUND, PARADE GROUND, STAMPING GROUND, TESTING GROUND
5 (grounds) [pl.] a large area of land or sea that is used for a particular purpose: fishing / hunting grounds + feeding grounds for birds
6 (grounds) [pl.] the land or gardens around a large building: the school / hospital grounds + The house has extensive grounds.
area of knowledge / ideas
7 [U] an area of interest, knowledge or ideas: He managed to cover a lot of ground in a short talk. + We had to go over the same ground (= talk about the same things again) in class the next day. + You're on dangerous ground (= talking about ideas that are likely to offend sb or make people angry) if you criticize his family. + I thought I was on safe ground (= talking about a suitable subject) discussing music with her. + He was back on familiar ground, dealing with the customers. + They are fighting the Conservatives on their own ground.
See also - COMMON GROUND, MIDDLE GROUND
8 [C, usually pl.] ~ for sth / for doing sth a good or true reason for saying, doing or believing sth: You have no grounds for complaint. + What were his grounds for wanting a divorce? + The case was dismissed on the grounds that there was not enough evidence. + He retired from the job on health grounds. + Employers cannot discriminate on grounds of age. - REASON
9 (grounds) [pl.] the small pieces of solid matter in a liquid that have fallen to the bottom: coffee grounds
10 [C, usually sing.] (AmE) = EARTH (5)
11 [C] a background that a design is painted or printed on: pink roses on a white ground
Idioms: cut the ground from under sb's feet to suddenly spoil sb's idea or plan by doing sth to stop them from continuing with it
gain / make up ground (on sb/sth) to gradually get closer to sb/sth that is moving or making progress in an activity: The police car was gaining ground on the suspects. + They needed to make up ground on their competitors.
get (sth) off the ground to start happening successfully; to make sth start happening successfully: Without more money, the movie is unlikely to get off the ground. + to get a new company off the ground
give / lose ground (to sb/sth) to allow sb to have an advantage; to lose an advantage for yourself: They are not prepared to give ground on tax cuts. + The Conservatives lost a lot of ground to the Liberal Democrats at the election.
go to ground (BrE) to hide, especially to escape sb who is chasing you
hold / stand your ground
1 to continue with your opinions or intentions when sb is opposing you and wants you to change: Don't let him persuade you-stand your ground.
2 to face a situation and refuse to run away: It is not easy to hold your ground in front of someone with a gun.
on the ground in the place where sth is happening and among the people who are in the situation, especially a war: On the ground, there are hopes that the fighting will soon stop. + There's a lot of support for the policy on the ground.
run / drive / work yourself into the ground to work so hard that you become extremely tired
run sb/sth into the ground to use sth so much that it is broken; to make sb work so hard that they are no longer able to work
thick / thin on the ground (BrE) if people or things are thick/thin on the ground, there are a lot/not many of them in a place: Customers are thin on the ground at this time of year. + Security officers were thick on the ground during the King's visit.
more at EAR, FIRM adj., FOOT n., GAIN v., HIT v., MORAL adj., NEUTRAL adv., NEW, PREPARE, RIVET v., SHIFT v., STONY, SUIT v.
1 when a boat grounds or sth grounds it, it touches the bottom of the sea and is unable to move: [VN] The fishing boat had been grounded on rocks off the coast of Cornwall. [also V]
2 [VN] [often passive] to prevent an aircraft from taking off: The balloon was grounded by strong winds. + All planes out of Heathrow have been grounded by the strikes.
3 [VN] [usually passive] to punish a child by not allowing them to go out with their friends for a period of time: You're grounded for a week!
4 [VN] (AmE) = EARTH
Idioms: (be) grounded in / on sth (to be) based on sth: His views are grounded on the assumption that all people are equal. + These explanations are not sufficiently grounded in fact.
See also - GROUNDING
+ adjective [only before noun] (of food) cut or crushed into very small pieces or powder: ground coffee
1 solid surface of the earth
firm, hard | muddy, soft, wet | dry, dusty | fertile
(often figurative) The fall of the old regime provided fertile ground for opportunism.
VERB + GROUND
fall to, hit
The helicopter burst into flames when it hit the ground.
She's so short, her feet don't reach the ground when she sits down.
| get off, leave
The plane was so overloaded it couldn't leave the ground. (figurative) His plan is too costly to ever get off the ground.
GROUND + NOUN
A waterproof membrane is built into the wall just above ground level.
The roots may spread as far below ground as does the foliage above ground.
| in the ~
a hole in the ground
| on the ~
He sat down on the ground.
| under the ~
The tunnel goes deep under the ground.
2 area of land
The village stands on high ground and is not prone to flooding.
| open | difficult, rocky, rough, stony, uneven | marshy
We found a patch of open ground in the middle of the woods.
3 piece of land used for a particular purpose
burial | dumping | cricket, football, practice, rugby, sports, training | parade | breeding, feeding, hunting
at a/the ~
I'll meet you at the football ground.
| in a/the ~
all the graves in the burial ground
4 grounds: land surrounding a large building
extensive | castle, hospital, palace, school, etc.
VERB + GROUND
be set in, have
The palace is set in extensive grounds.
in the ~ (of)
Many estate workers lived in cottages in the grounds of the castle.
5 area of interest/study/discussion
familiar, firm, home
I was on more familiar ground now that we were talking about our own system.
| dangerous, shaky
Legally, we're on very shaky ground (= our actions may not be legal).
| safe | common
Both parties in the debate shared some common ground.
VERB + GROUND
cover, go over
Several researchers have published articles covering this ground. We just seem to be going over the same ground that we covered last year.
on … ~
He knew he was on dangerous ground talking about money.
break new ground
Her architectural designs have broken new ground.
6 grounds: reason for sth
good, reasonable, sufficient, valid
VERB + GROUND
The constable had reasonable grounds for arresting her.
| give (sb)
His evasiveness gave grounds for the suspicion that he knew more than he was saying.
on … ~s
Permission to open a mine was denied on environmental grounds.
| on the ~s of
He resigned from his post on the grounds of ill-health.
| ~ for
Drunkenness at work was sufficient grounds for instant dismissal. verb
His book is firmly grounded in memories of his own childhood.
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