Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
grind
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
grind /graind/
  • danh từ
    • sự xay, sự tán, sự nghiền
    • sự mài
    • tiếng nghiến ken két
    • (nghĩa bóng) công việc cực nhọc đều đều
      • the daily grind: công việc hằng ngày
    • cuộc đi bộ để tập luyện
    • lớp học rút (để đi thi); lớp luyện thi
    • (từ lóng) cuộc đua ngựa nhảy rào
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) học sinh học gạo
    • động từ ground
      • xay, tán, nghiền
        • to grind corn into flour: xay lúa mì thành bột
      • mài, giũa
        • to grind a knife: mài dao
        • to grind diamonds: mài kim cương
      • xát, nghiền
        • to grind one's teeth [together]: nghiến răng
        • the ship grinding on the rocks: tàu sạt vào những tảng đá
        • to grind one's heel into the ground: di di gót chân xuống đất
      • đàn áp, áp bức, đè nén
        • to grind the faces of the poor: áp bức người nghèo
      • quay cối xay cà phê
        • to grind music out of a hurdy-gurdy: quay đàn vien
        • to grind out some verses: nặn ra vài câu thơ
      • bắt (ai) làm việc cật lực
      • nhồi nhét
        • to grind for the exam: học nhồi để thi
      • to grind away
        • (+ at) làm cật lực, làm tích cực
      • học tập cần cù; học gạo
      • to grind down
        • xay nhỏ, tán nhỏ, nghiền nhỏ, nghiền nát
      • hành hạ, áp bức
      • to grind in
        • (kỹ thuật) mài, nghiền, rà
      • to grind out
        • đè bẹp, giẫm nát, nghiền nát
      • nghiền, nạo ra
        • to grind out an oath: nghiến răng lại mà nguyền rủa
      • to grind up
        • nghiền nhỏ, tán nhỏ
      • to grind one's own axe
        • theo đuổi mục đích cá nhân
      • to have an axe to grind
        • có một mục đích cá nhân phải đạt
    Concise Dictionary
    ground|grinds|grindinggraɪnd
    noun
    +an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or studying excessively
    +hard monotonous routine work
    +the act of grinding to a powder or dust
    verb
    +press or grind with a crunching noise
    +make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together
    +reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
    +work hard
    +dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way, often while in contact with one's partner such that the dancers' legs are interlaced
    +created by grinding
    +shape or form by grinding

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 pound, powder, pulverize, abrade, crush, granulate, mill, grate, rasp, crumble, kibble, mash, triturate, bray, comminute:
    The rock was soon ground to a fine powder.
    2 sharpen, whet; file, smooth, polish:
    He is grinding the edge to be razor sharp.
    3 gnash, grit, grate:
    He grinds his teeth when he's angry.
    4 Also, grind away. labour, toil, slave (away); study, lucubrate, burn the midnight oil, Colloq cram, Brit swot:
    George has been grinding away at the same job all his life. Languages came easily, but he had to grind away at the sciences.
    5 grind down. wear down or away, crush, oppress, subdue, suppress, tyrannize, persecute, maltreat, ill-treat, harry, harass, hound, hector, plague, badger:
    Dictators first grind down all opposition, then destroy it.
    6 grind out. produce, generate, crank out, churn out, turn out:
    For 20 years he has been grinding out the daily gossip column.
    n.
    7 toil, labour, drudgery, travail, exertion, task, chore:
    Working at the checkout counter hour after hour is a terrible grind.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    verb, noun
    + verb (ground, ground )
    food / flour / coffee
    1 [VN] ~ sth (down / up)
    ~ sth (to / into sth) to break or crush sth into very small pieces between two hard surfaces or using a special machine: to grind coffee / corn + The animal has teeth that grind its food into a pulp.
    See also - GROUND (4)
    2 [VN] to produce sth such as flour by crushing: The flour is ground using traditional methods.
    make sharp / smooth
    3 [VN] to make sth sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface: a special stone for grinding knives
    press into surface
    4 [VN] ~ sth into sth
    ~ sth in to press or rub sth into a surface: He ground his cigarette into the ashtray. + The dirt on her hands was ground in.
    rub together
    5 to rub together, or to make hard objects rub together, often producing an unpleasant noise: [V] Parts of the machine were grinding together noisily. + [VN] She grinds her teeth when she is asleep. + He ground the gears on the car.
    machine
    6 [VN] to turn the handle of a machine that grinds sth: to grind a pepper mill
    Idioms: bring sth to a grinding halt to make sth slow down gradually until it stops completely: Roadworks brought traffic to a grinding halt.
    grind to a halt
    come to a grinding halt to slow down gradually and then stop completely: Production ground to a halt during the strike. + Her career ground to a halt when the twins were born.
    more at AXE n.
    Phrasal Verbs: grind sb<->down to treat sb in a cruel or harsh way over a long period of time, so that they become very unhappy: Don't let them grind you down. + Years of oppression had ground the people down.
    grind on to continue for a long time, when this is unpleasant: The argument ground on for almost two years.
    grind sth<->out to produce sth in large quantities, often sth that is not good or interesting: She grinds out romantic novels at the rate of five a year.
    + noun
    boring activity
    1 [sing.] (informal) an activity that is tiring or boring and takes a lot of time: the daily grind of family life + It's a long grind to the top of that particular profession.
    of machines
    2 [sing.] the harsh noise made by machines
    swot
    3 [C] (AmE, informal) = SWOT
    Collocation Dictionary
    verb

    ADV.

    coarsely | finely
    The cement need not be finely ground.
    | down, up
    Grind the seeds down to a powder.

    PREP.

    into
    machinery for grinding wheat into flour
    | to
    The coffee is ground to a fine powder.

    PHRASES

    freshly ground
    freshly ground black pepper



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