Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
foundation
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
foundation /faun'deiʃn/
  • danh từ
    • sự thành lập, sự sáng lập, sự thiết lập
    • tổ chức (học viện, nhà thương... do một quỹ tư cấp tiền)
    • nền móng
      • to lay the foundation of something: đặt nền móng cho cái gì
    • căn cứ, cơ sở, nền tảng
      • the report has no foundation: bản báo cáo không có cơ s
Concise Dictionary
foundationsfaʊn'deɪʃn
noun
+the basis on which something is grounded
+an institution supported by an endowment
+the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
+lowest support of a structure
+education or instruction in the fundamentals of a field of knowledge
+a woman's undergarment worn to give shape to the contours of the body
+the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new

Thesaurus Dictionary
n.
1 basis, base, substructure, understructure, underpinning, bottom, foot, basement, cellar:
This foundation is of stone.
2 basis, base, fundamental, (underlying or fundamental) principle, grounds, groundwork, rationale, raison d'être, purpose:
Their morality finds its foundations in Judaeo-Christian culture.
3 founding, establishment, instituting, institution, creation, origination, setting up, organizing, organization, inauguration, endowment:
We voted for the foundation of an institute to study the English language.
Advanced English Dictionary
+ noun
1 [C, usually pl.] a layer of bricks, CONCRETE, etc. that forms the solid underground base of a building: The builders are now beginning to lay the foundations of the new school. + The explosion shook the foundations of the houses nearby.
2 [C, U] a principle, an idea or a fact that sth is based on and that it grows from: Respect and friendship provide a solid foundation for marriage. + The rumour is totally without foundation (= not based on any facts). + These stories have no foundation (= are not based on any facts).
3 [C] an organization that is established to provide money for a particular purpose, for example for scientific research or charity: The money will go to the San Francisco AIDS Foundation.
4 [U] the act of starting a new institution or organization: The organization has grown enormously since its foundation in 1955. + She used the money to go towards the foundation of a special research group.
5 [U] a skin-coloured cream that is put on the face underneath other MAKE-UP
Idioms: shake / rock the foundations of sth
shake / rock sth to its foundations to cause people to question their basic beliefs about sth: This issue has shaken the foundations of French politics.
Collocation Dictionary
noun

1 organization that provides money for sth

ADJ.

charitable, private

VERB + FOUNDATION

establish, set up
a charitable foundation established in 1983

PREP.

~ for
a private foundation for sport and the arts

2 foundations: parts of a building below the ground

ADJ.

deep | concrete

VERB + FOUNDATION

dig, lay
digging trenches and laying concrete foundations
| shake, undermine
The thunder seemed to shake the very foundations of the building. They had dug too deep and undermined the foundations of the house.

FOUNDATION + NOUN

stone
In 1853 Queen Victoria laid the foundation stone of the new palace.

3 basis for sth

ADJ.

excellent, firm, good, secure, solid, sound, strong | insecure, shaky, weak | ideological, intellectual, philosophical, political, theoretical | economic

VERB + FOUNDATION

build, lay, provide (sth with)
This agreement laid a sound foundation for future cooperation between the two countries.
| build on
We now have a firm foundation to build on.
| rest on
The peace treaty rests on shaky foundations.
| rock, shake, strike at, threaten, undermine
an event which rocked the foundations of British politics

FOUNDATION + NOUN

course, year
The Fine Arts degree starts with a foundation year.
| subjects
All students have to do the foundation subjects of maths and English.

PREP.

~ for
providing a solid foundation for this new democracy

PHRASES

rock/shake sth to its foundations
The scandal rocked the legal establishment to its foundations.

4 facts that show that sth is true

VERB + FOUNDATION

have no
malicious rumours which have no foundation

PREP.

without ~
Rumours of his resignation are entirely without foundation.



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