Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
foul
UK | US

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
foul /faul/
  • tính từ
    • hôi hám, hôi thối
      • a foul smell: mùi hôi thối
    • bẩn thỉu, cáu bẩn
      • a foul pipe: cái tẩu cáu bẩn
    • ươn (cá)
    • xấu, đáng ghét (thời tiết)
    • xấu, tồi, thô tục, tục tĩu, thô lỗ
      • foul motive: động cơ xấu
      • foul talk: chuyện tục tĩu
    • (từ lóng) gớm, tởm, kinh tởm
    • nhiễm độc
      • foul air: không khí nhiễm độc
    • nhiều rêu; nhiều hà (đáy tàu)
    • tắc nghẽn
      • a foul gun-barrel: nòng súng bị tắc
    • rối (dây thừng)
    • trái luật, gian lận
      • a foul blow: cú đấm trái luật
      • foul game: trò chơi gian lận
    • ngược (gió)
    • (ngành in) nhiều lỗi
      • a foul copy: bản in nhiều lỗi
    • by fair means or foul
      • (xem) mean
  • phó từ
    • trái luật, gian trá, gian lận
      • to hit foul: đánh một cú trái luật
      • to play somebody foul: chơi xỏ ai; gian trá đối với ai
    • to fall (go, run) foul of
      • va phải, đụng phải
    • (nghĩa bóng) đụng chạm với, va chạm với
    • danh từ
      • vật bẩn, vật hôi thối
      • điều xấu
      • sự đụng, sự chạm, sự va
      • sự vướng mắc vào nhau, sự rối
      • cú đấm trái luật; cú ăn gian; cú chơi xấu (bóng đá...)
      • through foul and fair
        • bằng mọi cách
    • nội động từ
      • trở nên bẩn, trở nên hôi thối
      • va chạm, đụng chạm
      • bị tắc nghẽn; bị vướng, bị rối
      • chơi trái luật; chơi ăn gian; chơi xấu
      • ngoại động từ
        • làm xấu, làm dơ bẩn, làm nhơ nhuốc
        • đụng chạm vào, va chạm vào (cái gì)
        • làm tắc nghẽn (đường đi lại); làm rối
        • to foul up
          • (thông tục) làm rối tung
        • to foul one's nest
          • làm ô danh gia đình
      Concise Dictionary
      fouls|fouled|fouling|fouler|foulestfaʊl
      noun
      +an act that violates of the rules of a sport
      verb
      +hit a foul ball
      +make impure
      +become or cause to become obstructed
      +commit a foul; break the rules
      +spot, stain, or pollute
      +make unclean
      +become soiled and dirty
      adj.
      +highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust
      +offensively malodorous
      +violating accepted standards or rules
      +(of a baseball) not hit between the foul lines
      +(of a manuscript) defaced with changes
      +characterized by obscenity
      +disgustingly dirty; filled or smeared with offensive matter
      +especially of a ship's lines etc

      Thesaurus Dictionary
      adj.
      1 offensive, loathsome, disgusting, obnoxious, revolting, repulsive, repellent, repugnant, sickening, nauseous, nauseating, nasty, beastly, Archaic fulsome:
      The bartender makes a foul concoction he swears will cure a hangover.
      2 filthy, unclean, nasty, polluted, putrid, putrescent, putrefactive or putrefacient, defiled, soiled, spoiled, rotten, decayed, decomposed, rancid, soured, turned, tainted, mouldy, impure, adulterated, contaminated, stale, bad, Brit off:
      The hamburger place was closed when public health inspectors found foul food in the freezer.
      3 smelly, stinking, noisome, fetid or foetid, rank, evil-smelling, foul-smelling, malodorous, musty, mephitic, graveolent:
      A foul odour emanated from the cabinet.
      4 wicked, vile, bad, base, abominable, low, sordid, iniquitous, evil, flagitious, atrocious, monstrous, nefarious, sinful, immoral, amoral, vicious, villainous, scandalous, infamous, dishonourable, shameful, disgraceful, ignominious; detestable:
      They were finally brought to justice for their foul deeds.
      5 dirty, obscene, filthy, profane, scatological, gross, smutty, foul-mouthed, blue, licentious, salacious, lewd, indecent, improper, coarse, uncouth, vulgar, rude, scurrilous, rough, indelicate, immodest, risqué, off colour, suggestive, bawdy, ribald, Rabelaisian, Fescennine, US raw, Slang raunchy:
      My mother forbids my reading books containing foul language.
      6 abusive, offensive, affronting, insulting, disparaging, maligning, thersitical, calumnious or calumniatory, aspersive, slanderous, defamatory, libellous, denigrating, derogatory, deprecatory or deprecative, depreciatory or depreciative, denunciatory or denunciative, derisory, derisive, scornful, belittling, fulminous, objurgatory or objurgative, vituperative, invective:
      Keep your foul tongue to yourself.
      7 dishonest, unfair, unjust, unsportsmanlike, dishonourable, fraudulent, underhand(ed), double-dealing, two-faced, corrupt, venal, dirty, treacherous, perfidious, traitorous, unscrupulous, Colloq crooked, shady, Slang chiefly Brit bent:
      Thrupp will get his way by fair means or foul.
      8 nasty, dangerous, rough, disagreeable, unfavourable, sloppy, stormy, adverse; windy, blustery; snowy, sleety, wet, rainy:
      We ran into a spot of foul weather at Dover.
      9 obstructed, blocked, choked, stopped (up), plugged (up), clogged (up):
      The drain is foul with all that rubbish.
      10 tangled, entangled, caught, ensnared, enmeshed, snarled:
      A foul anchor is a common nautical symbol.
      11 illegal, prohibited, forbidden, interdicted, not fair; dirty:
      In boxing a hit below the belt is a foul blow.
      v.
      12 dirty, pollute, sully, befoul, defile, soil, contaminate, adulterate, taint:
      Effluent from the factory was fouling the river.
      13 tangle, entangle, catch, snare, ensnare, enmesh, snag, snarl, jam, twist:
      We can't hoist the mainsail because the halyard is fouled.
      14 disgrace, dishonour, sully, taint, besmirch, defile, soil, stain, smear, tarnish, blacken, denigrate, debase, degrade, abase, demean, disparage, defame, derogate, asperse, devaluate, depreciate, vitiate, belittle, discredit, bring or call into disrepute:
      That act of treachery will foul the family name for generations.
      15 obstruct, block, choke, stop or plug or clog (up):
      Dead leaves fouled the downpipe.
      16 foul up.
      (a) See def. 13.
      (b) mismanage, mishandle, botch, bungle, make a mess (of), mess up, spoil, ruin, Colloq muff, Brit throw a spanner in(to) (the works), US throw a monkey wrench into (the machinery); Slang muck up, goof (up), blow, screw up, louse up, Chiefly Brit bugger (up), US and Canadian snafu:
      Give him a chance and he's sure to foul up.
      She fouled up my hi-fi.
      n.
      17 violation, infringement, infraction, illegality:
      The Rangers' forward has already been charged with two fouls.
      adv.
      18 afoul, in conflict, in trouble, in violation:
      Curshaw has fallen foul of the law again.
      Advanced English Dictionary
      adjective, verb, noun
      + adjective (fouler, foulest)
      1 dirty and smelling bad: foul air / breath + a foul-smelling prison + Foul drinking water was blamed for the epidemic.
      2 (especially BrE) very unpleasant; very bad: She's in a foul mood. + His boss has a foul temper. + This tastes foul.
      3 (of language) including rude words and swearing
      Synonym: OFFENSIVE
      foul language + He called her the foulest names imaginable. + I'm sick of her foul mouth (= habit of swearing).
      4 (of weather) very bad, with strong winds and rain: a foul night
      5 (literary) very evil or wicked: a foul crime / murder
      foully adverb: He swore foully. + She had been foully murdered during the night.
      foulness noun [U]: The air was heavy with the stink of damp and foulness.
      Idioms: fall foul of sb / sth to get into trouble with a person or an organization because of doing sth wrong or illegal: to fall foul of the law
      more at FAIR adj., CRY v.
      + verb
      1 [VN] (in sport) to do sth to another player that is against the rules of the game: He was fouled inside the penalty area.
      2 [V, VN] (in baseball) to hit the ball outside the playing area
      3 [VN] to make sth dirty, usually with waste material: Do not permit your dog to foul the grass. + More and more beaches are being fouled by oil leakages.
      4 ~ (sth) (up) to become caught or twisted in sth and stop it working or moving: [VN] The rope fouled the propeller. + The line became fouled in (= became twisted in) the propeller. + [V] A rope fouled up (= became twisted) as we pulled the sail down.
      Phrasal Verbs: foul up (informal) to make a lot of mistakes; to do sth badly: I've fouled up badly again, haven't I?
      related noun FOUL-UP
      foul sth<->up (informal) to spoil sth, especially by doing sth wrong: Everything was going really well until Jack came along and fouled things up.
      related noun FOUL-UP
      + noun (in sport) an action that is against the rules of the game: It was a clear foul by Ford on the goalkeeper. + (AmE) to hit a foul (= in baseball, a ball that is too far left or right, outside the lines that mark the side of the field)
      See also - PROFESSIONAL FOUL
      Collocation Dictionary
      noun

      ADJ.

      blatant, clear, deliberate, nasty

      VERB + FOUL

      commit
      He committed a second clear foul and was sent off.

      PREP.

      ~ on
      He was sent off for a blatant foul on Giggs.



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