Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary

English - Vietnamese Dictionary
foil /fɔil/
  • danh từ
    • lá (kim loại)
      • tin foil: lá thiếc
      • gold foil: lá vàng
    • nền, vật làm nền (đồ nữ trang, nhẫn kim cương...)
    • người làm tôn người khác lên; cái làm tôn cái khác lên (khi đem so sánh những nét tương phản)
    • (kiến trúc) trang trí hình lá
    • ngoại động từ
      • làm nền, làm nổi bật bằng nền
      • làm tôn lên (bằng cách so sánh những nét tương phản)
      • (kiến trúc) trang trí bằng hình lá
      • tráng (gương)
      • danh từ
        • đường chạy (của con vật bị săn)
          • to run [upon] the foil: lại chạy lại con đường cũ
        • (từ cổ,nghĩa cổ) sự đánh bại, sự đánh lui
        • ngoại động từ
          • làm (chó săn) lạc hướng
          • đánh bại, đẩy lui; chặn đứng; làm thất bại (một âm mưu, một kế hoạch...)
        Concise Dictionary
        +a piece of thin and flexible sheet metal
        +anything that serves by contrast to call attention to another thing's good qualities
        +a device consisting of a flat or curved piece (as a metal plate) so that its surface reacts to the water it is passing through
        +picture consisting of a positive photograph or drawing on a transparent base; viewed with a projector
        +a light slender flexible sword tipped by a button
        +enhance by contrast
        +hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
        +cover or back with foil

        Thesaurus Dictionary
        thwart, offset, defeat, baffle, balk, parry, frustrate, counter, check, impede, hamper, outwit, circumvent, checkmate, daunt, disconcert, discomfit, disappoint, pull the rug out from under (someone), cut the ground from under someone's feet, nullify, nip in the bud, countervail (against), Brit put a spoke in (someone's) wheel, Colloq clip (someone's) wings, cut (someone) down to size, spoil (someone's) game, Chiefly US and Canadian faze:
        The villain and his evil plan were again foiled by the arrival of the sheriff.
        layer, lamina, lamination, sheet, membrane, film, coating, flake, scale, wafer:
        Cigarettes once came packaged in tin foil.
        Advanced English Dictionary
        noun, verb
        + noun (BrE also silver foil)
        1 [U] metal made into very thin sheets that is used for covering or wrapping things, especially food: (BrE) aluminium foil + (AmE) aluminum foil + Cover the fish loosely with foil and bake for 30 minutes.
        See also - TINFOIL
        2 [U] paper that is covered in very thin sheets of metal: The chocolates are individually wrapped in gold and silver foil.
        3 [C] ~ (for sb/sth) a person or thing that contrasts with, and therefore emphasizes, the qualities of another person or thing: The pale walls provide a perfect foil for the brightly coloured furniture. + His mellow guitar technique is the ideal foil for her soaring voice.
        4 [C] a long thin light SWORD used in the sport of FENCING
        + verb [VN] [often passive] (written) to stop sth from happening, especially sth illegal; to prevent sb from doing sth
        Synonym: THWART
        to foil a plan / crime / plot + Customs officials foiled an attempt to smuggle priceless paintings out of the country. + They were foiled in their attempt to smuggle priceless paintings.
        Collocation Dictionary

        1 metal in a thin sheet


        aluminium, gold, silver, tin | kitchen


        piece, sheet | roll

        VERB + FOIL

        cover sth with, wrap sth in
        I wrapped the sandwiches in kitchen foil.

        2 sth that shows off the qualities of sth else


        good, ideal, perfect

        VERB + FOIL

        be, provide


        as a ~
        She has used mosses as a foil for the brightly coloured flowers in the bed.
        | ~ for/to
        The couple provided the perfect foil for one another.

        Random quote: What the caterpillar calls the end of the world, the master calls a butterfly.: Richard Bach

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        Optional: 01/2018:Picture Dictionary

        Updated: 05/06/2018:List of Academic Words

        Updated: 03/2019: Learning by reading annotated text, reliable state of art and updated news