English - Vietnamese Dictionary
field /fi:ld/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- bâi chiến trường; nơi hành quân; trận đánh
- to hold the field: giữ vững trận địa
- to take the field: bắt đầu hành quân
- các đấu thủ, các vận động viên, các người dự thi, các ngựa dự thi
- lĩnh vực (hoạt động), phạm vi (quan sát...)
- of art field: lĩnh vực nghệ thuật
- a wide field of vision: nhãn quan rộng rãi
- (vật lý) trường
- magnetic field: từ trường
- electric field: điện trường
- ngoại động từ
- (thể dục,thể thao) chặn và ném trả lại (bóng crickê)
- nội động từ
- (thể dục,thể thao) làm người chặn bóng (crickê)
+a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed
+a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought
+somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected
+a branch of knowledge
+the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it
+a particular kind of commercial enterprise
+a particular environment or walk of life
+a piece of land prepared for playing a game
+extensive tract of level open land
+(mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1
+a region in which active military operations are in progress
+all of the horses in a particular horse race
+all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event
+a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found
+(computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information
+the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument)
+a place where planes take off and land
+catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
+play as a fielder
+answer adequately or successfully
+select (a team or individual player) for a game
Advanced English Dictionary
1 ground, land, arable, pasture, grassland, meadow, green, lawn, common, clearing, tract, area, acreage, Literary greensward, lea, sward; Archaic mead:
The house looks out over the fields.
2 battlefield, battleground, airfield; (cricket) pitch, football or hockey or soccer field, American football gridiron:
We marched onto the field prepared for anything.
3 competition, competitors, players, entrants, contestants, participants, candidates, possibilities, applicants:
Who can match you among today's field?
4 area, domain, realm, department, territory, province, sphere, scope, division, interest, line, métier, discipline, bailiwick, speciality, specialization, expertise, forte, strength:
She is certainly the leading expert in her field. My field is biochemistry.
5 catch, stop, return, retrieve, pick up:
Did you see how Border fielded that ball?
6 answer, reply to, respond to, handle, manipulate, deal with, react to, cope with:
The candidate adroitly fielded questions from the press.
noun, verbCollocation Dictionary
area of land
1 [C] an area of land in the country used for growing crops or keeping animals in, usually surrounded by a fence, etc: People were working in the fields. + a ploughed field + a field of wheat + We camped in a field near the village.
2 [C] (usually in compounds) an area of land used for the purpose mentioned: a landing field + a medal for bravery in the field (of battle)
See also - AIRFIELD, BATTLEFIELD, MINEFIELD
3 [C] (usually in compounds) a large area of land covered with the thing mentioned; an area from which the thing mentioned is obtained: ice fields in the mountains + gas fields
See also - COALFIELD, GOLDFIELD, OILFIELD, SNOWFIELD
subject / activity
4 [C] a particular subject or activity that sb works in or is interested in: famous in the field of politics / science / music + I enjoy meeting people in other fields of business. + All of them are experts in their chosen field. + This discovery has opened up a whole new field of research. + 'How big was the bomb, if it did all that damage?' 'I don't know. Not my field' (= that is not one of the subjects I know about).
5 [C] (usually used as an adjective) the fact of people doing practical work or study, rather than working in a classroom or LABORATORY: a field study / investigation + field research / methods + We then tested the questionnaire in field conditions. + essential reading for those working in the field
See also - FIELD TRIP, FIELDWORK
6 (BrE also pitch) [C] (usually in compounds) an area of land used for playing a sport on: a baseball / rugby / football field + a sports field + Today they take the field (= go on to the field to play a game) against county champions Essex. + Players are only reselected if they retain their form on the field (= when they are playing a match). + For Liverpool fans, it was a night to remember both on and off the field (= the match was good and so were the celebrations afterwards).
See also - PLAYING FIELD
7 (in cricket and baseball) [sing.+sing./pl. v.] the team that is trying to catch the ball rather than hit it
8 [sing.+sing./pl. v.] all the people or animals competing in a particular sports event: The field includes three world record holders.
9 [sing.+sing./pl. v.] all the people or products competing in a particular area of business: They lead the field in home entertainment systems.
10 [C] (usually in compounds) an area within which the force mentioned has an effect: the earth's gravitational field + an electro-magnetic field
11 [C] part of a record that is a separate item of data: You will need to create separate fields for first name, surname and address.
Idioms: leave the field clear for sb
leave sb in possession of the field to enable sb to be successful in a particular area of activity because other people or groups have given up competing with them: The complete disarray of the opposition parties leaves the field clear for the government to implement urgent reforms.
play the field (informal) to have sexual relationships with a lot of different people
candidate / team
1 [VN] to provide a candidate, speaker, team, etc. to represent you in an election, a competition, etc: Each of the main parties fielded more than 300 candidates. + England will field a young side in the World Cup.
in cricket / baseball
2 [V] to be the person or the team that catches the ball and throws it back after sb has hit it: Hussain won the toss and chose to field first.
3 [VN] to catch the ball and throw it back: He fielded the ball expertly.
4 [VN] to receive and deal with questions or comments: The BBC had to field more than 300 phone calls after last night's programme.
1 on a farm
cultivated, green, ploughed
looking out on the green fields of Shropshire We had to walk across a ploughed field.
| enclosed | open | surrounding | fertile | arable | paddy, rice | corn, wheat, etc.
VERB + FIELD
People were working in the fields.
| cultivate, work
Despite the war, they continued to work the fields.
| plough | plant
He planted fields full of sunflowers.
| graze in
across/through a/the ~
walking across the field
| (out) in a/the ~
tractors working out in the field
| ~ of
a field of wheat
All of them are experts in their chosen field.
VERB + FIELD
people who work in this field
| open up
This discovery has opened up a whole new field of research.
in a/the ~
There has been no solid research in this field.
| outside a/sb's ~
I can't answer that?I'm afraid it's outside my field (= outside the subject I am studying/know sth about).
| ~ of
now working in the field of computer science
an expert/a leader in the field, a field of research/study
3 practical work
VERB + FIELD
FIELD + NOUN
investigation, research, study, trial | methods | trip
We went on a geology field trip.
in the ~
essential reading for those working in the field
4 for playing a sport
playing, sports | football, rugby, etc.
VERB + FIELD
Today they take the field (= go on to the field to play a match)against county champions Essex.
on a/the ~
people walking their dogs on the school's playing field
| off the ~
Players need discipline both on and off the field (= when playing and in other areas of their lives).
5 the field: competitors in a sport/business
VERB + FIELD
She managed to head the field across the finishing line of the London Marathon. They lead the field in home entertainment systems.
FIELD + VERB
The strong field includes three world record holders.
ahead of the ~
His superb technique puts him head and shoulders ahead of the field.
6 in science
electric, electromagnetic, energy, force, gravitational, magnetic
the earth's magnetic field
FIELD + NOUN
VERB + FIELD
You will need to create separate fields for first name, surname and address.
| move between
the use of keys to move between fields > Special page at COMPUTER
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