Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
field
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
field /fi:ld/
  • danh từ
    • đồng ruộng, cánh đồng
    • mỏ, khu khai thác
    • bâi chiến trường; nơi hành quân; trận đánh
      • to hold the field: giữ vững trận địa
      • to take the field: bắt đầu hành quân
    • sân (bóng đá, crickê)
    • các đấu thủ, các vận động viên, các người dự thi, các ngựa dự thi
    • dải (băng tuyết...)
    • nên (huy hiệu)
    • lĩnh vực (hoạt động), phạm vi (quan sát...)
      • of art field: lĩnh vực nghệ thuật
      • a wide field of vision: nhãn quan rộng rãi
    • (vật lý) trường
      • magnetic field: từ trường
      • electric field: điện trường
  • ngoại động từ
    • (thể dục,thể thao) chặn và ném trả lại (bóng crickê)
    • đưa (đội bóng) ra sân
    • nội động từ
      • (thể dục,thể thao) làm người chặn bóng (crickê)
    Concise Dictionary
    fields|fielded|fieldingfɪːld
    noun
    +a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed
    +a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought
    +somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected
    +a branch of knowledge
    +the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it
    +a particular kind of commercial enterprise
    +a particular environment or walk of life
    +a piece of land prepared for playing a game
    +extensive tract of level open land
    +(mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1
    +a region in which active military operations are in progress
    +all of the horses in a particular horse race
    +all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event
    +a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found
    +(computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information
    +the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument)
    +a place where planes take off and land
    verb
    +catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
    +play as a fielder
    +answer adequately or successfully
    +select (a team or individual player) for a game

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    n.
    1 ground, land, arable, pasture, grassland, meadow, green, lawn, common, clearing, tract, area, acreage, Literary greensward, lea, sward; Archaic mead:
    The house looks out over the fields.
    2 battlefield, battleground, airfield; (cricket) pitch, football or hockey or soccer field, American football gridiron:
    We marched onto the field prepared for anything.
    3 competition, competitors, players, entrants, contestants, participants, candidates, possibilities, applicants:
    Who can match you among today's field?
    4 area, domain, realm, department, territory, province, sphere, scope, division, interest, line, métier, discipline, bailiwick, speciality, specialization, expertise, forte, strength:
    She is certainly the leading expert in her field. My field is biochemistry.
    v.
    5 catch, stop, return, retrieve, pick up:
    Did you see how Border fielded that ball?
    6 answer, reply to, respond to, handle, manipulate, deal with, react to, cope with:
    The candidate adroitly fielded questions from the press.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    area of land
    1 [C] an area of land in the country used for growing crops or keeping animals in, usually surrounded by a fence, etc: People were working in the fields. + a ploughed field + a field of wheat + We camped in a field near the village.
    2 [C] (usually in compounds) an area of land used for the purpose mentioned: a landing field + a medal for bravery in the field (of battle)
    See also - AIRFIELD, BATTLEFIELD, MINEFIELD
    3 [C] (usually in compounds) a large area of land covered with the thing mentioned; an area from which the thing mentioned is obtained: ice fields in the mountains + gas fields
    See also - COALFIELD, GOLDFIELD, OILFIELD, SNOWFIELD
    subject / activity
    4 [C] a particular subject or activity that sb works in or is interested in: famous in the field of politics / science / music + I enjoy meeting people in other fields of business. + All of them are experts in their chosen field. + This discovery has opened up a whole new field of research. + 'How big was the bomb, if it did all that damage?' 'I don't know. Not my field' (= that is not one of the subjects I know about).
    practical work
    5 [C] (usually used as an adjective) the fact of people doing practical work or study, rather than working in a classroom or LABORATORY: a field study / investigation + field research / methods + We then tested the questionnaire in field conditions. + essential reading for those working in the field
    See also - FIELD TRIP, FIELDWORK
    in sport
    6 (BrE also pitch) [C] (usually in compounds) an area of land used for playing a sport on: a baseball / rugby / football field + a sports field + Today they take the field (= go on to the field to play a game) against county champions Essex. + Players are only reselected if they retain their form on the field (= when they are playing a match). + For Liverpool fans, it was a night to remember both on and off the field (= the match was good and so were the celebrations afterwards).
    See also - PLAYING FIELD
    7 (in cricket and baseball) [sing.+sing./pl. v.] the team that is trying to catch the ball rather than hit it
    8 [sing.+sing./pl. v.] all the people or animals competing in a particular sports event: The field includes three world record holders.
    in business
    9 [sing.+sing./pl. v.] all the people or products competing in a particular area of business: They lead the field in home entertainment systems.
    physics
    10 [C] (usually in compounds) an area within which the force mentioned has an effect: the earth's gravitational field + an electro-magnetic field
    computing
    11 [C] part of a record that is a separate item of data: You will need to create separate fields for first name, surname and address.
    Idioms: leave the field clear for sb
    leave sb in possession of the field to enable sb to be successful in a particular area of activity because other people or groups have given up competing with them: The complete disarray of the opposition parties leaves the field clear for the government to implement urgent reforms.
    play the field (informal) to have sexual relationships with a lot of different people
    + verb
    candidate / team
    1 [VN] to provide a candidate, speaker, team, etc. to represent you in an election, a competition, etc: Each of the main parties fielded more than 300 candidates. + England will field a young side in the World Cup.
    in cricket / baseball
    2 [V] to be the person or the team that catches the ball and throws it back after sb has hit it: Hussain won the toss and chose to field first.
    3 [VN] to catch the ball and throw it back: He fielded the ball expertly.
    questions
    4 [VN] to receive and deal with questions or comments: The BBC had to field more than 300 phone calls after last night's programme.
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 on a farm

    ADJ.

    cultivated, green, ploughed
    looking out on the green fields of Shropshire We had to walk across a ploughed field.
    | enclosed | open | surrounding | fertile | arable | paddy, rice | corn, wheat, etc.

    VERB + FIELD

    work in
    People were working in the fields.
    | cultivate, work
    Despite the war, they continued to work the fields.
    | plough | plant
    He planted fields full of sunflowers.
    | graze in

    PREP.

    across/through a/the ~
    walking across the field
    | (out) in a/the ~
    tractors working out in the field
    | ~ of
    a field of wheat

    2 subject/activity

    ADJ.

    chosen, specialist
    All of them are experts in their chosen field.
    | research

    VERB + FIELD

    work in
    people who work in this field
    | open up
    This discovery has opened up a whole new field of research.

    PREP.

    in a/the ~
    There has been no solid research in this field.
    | outside a/sb's ~
    I can't answer that?I'm afraid it's outside my field (= outside the subject I am studying/know sth about).
    | ~ of
    now working in the field of computer science

    PHRASES

    an expert/a leader in the field, a field of research/study

    3 practical work

    VERB + FIELD

    work in

    FIELD + NOUN

    investigation, research, study, trial | methods | trip
    We went on a geology field trip.

    PREP.

    in the ~
    essential reading for those working in the field

    4 for playing a sport

    ADJ.

    playing, sports | football, rugby, etc.

    VERB + FIELD

    take
    Today they take the field (= go on to the field to play a match)against county champions Essex.

    PREP.

    on a/the ~
    people walking their dogs on the school's playing field
    | off the ~
    Players need discipline both on and off the field (= when playing and in other areas of their lives).

    5 the field: competitors in a sport/business

    ADJ.

    strong

    VERB + FIELD

    head, lead
    She managed to head the field across the finishing line of the London Marathon. They lead the field in home entertainment systems.

    FIELD + VERB

    include sb
    The strong field includes three world record holders.

    PREP.

    ahead of the ~
    His superb technique puts him head and shoulders ahead of the field.

    6 in science

    ADJ.

    electric, electromagnetic, energy, force, gravitational, magnetic
    the earth's magnetic field

    FIELD + NOUN

    strength

    7 computing

    ADJ.

    display, input

    VERB + FIELD

    create
    You will need to create separate fields for first name, surname and address.
    | move between
    the use of keys to move between fields > Special page at COMPUTER



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