English - Vietnamese Dictionary
family /'fæmili/Concise Dictionary
- danh từ
- gia đình, gia quyến
- a large family: gia đình đông con
- dòng dõi, gia thế
- of family: thuộc dòng dõi trâm anh
- (sinh vật học), (ngôn ngữ học) họ
- in a family way
- tự nhiên như người trong nhà
- happy family
- thú khác loại nhốt chung một chuồng
+a social unit living together
+primary social group; parents and children
+people descended from a common ancestor
+a collection of things sharing a common attribute
+an association of people who share common beliefs or activities
+(biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera
+a person having kinship with another or others
+a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities
Advanced English Dictionary
1 (kith and) kin, kinsmen, kindred, kinsfolk or US and Canadian kinfolk, next of kin, relatives, relations, household, people, one's own flesh and blood, one's nearest and dearest, ménage, Colloq folks:
We usually spend the holidays with my family.
2 children, offspring, progeny, issue, brood, Colloq kids:
Large families were much more common in the 19th century.
3 ancestors, forebears, forefathers, progenitors; ancestry, parentage, descent, extraction, derivation, lineage, pedigree, genealogy, family tree, house, line, bloodline, dynasty; blood, stock, strain:
He came from an old family of German bankers.
4 group, set, division, subdivision, classification, type, kind, class, genre, order, species, genus:
English belongs to the Indo-European family of languages.
noun, adjectiveCollocation Dictionary
1 [C+sing./pl. v.] a group consisting of one or two parents and their children: the other members of my family + Almost every family in the country owns a television. + All my family enjoy skiing. + one-parent / single-parent families + a family of four + families with young children + He's a friend of the family (= he is known and liked by the parents and the children).
See also - NUCLEAR FAMILY
2 [C+sing./pl. v., U] a group consisting of one or two parents, their children and close relations: All our family came to Grandad's eightieth birthday party. + The support of family and friends is vital. + We've only told the immediate family (= the closest relations). + the Royal Family (= the children and close relations of the king or queen) + I always think of you as one of the family. + (informal) She's family (= she is a relation).
See also - EXTENDED FAMILY
3 [C+sing./pl. v.] all the people who are related to each other, including those who are now dead: Some families have farmed in this area for hundreds of years. + This painting has been in our family for generations.
4 [C+sing./pl. v., U] a couple's or a person's children, especially young children: They have a large family. + I addressed it to Mr and Mrs Jones and family. + Do they plan to start a family (= have children)? + to bring up / raise a family
5 [C] a group of related animals and plants; a group of related things, especially languages: Lions belong to the cat family. + the Germanic family of languages
Idioms: (be / get) in the family way (old-fashioned, informal) (to be/become) pregnant
run in the family to be a common feature in a particular family: Heart disease runs in the family.
+ adjective [only before noun]
1 connected with the family or a particular family: family life + your family background + family ties / connections + It's a family tradition.
2 owned by a family: a family business + the family car
3 suitable for all members of a family, both adults and children: a family show + family entertainment
1 group of people related to each other
large | old, old-established | land-owning, wealthy, well-to-do | hard-up, low-income, poor
tax incentives for low-income families
| homeless | close, close-knit
We are a very close-knit family and support each other through any crises.
We've only told the immediate family (= the closest relations).
| conjugal, nuclear
the nuclear family of parents and children
maintaining contact with members of his extended family
| lone-parent, one-parent, single-parent
the difficulties faced by one-parent families
| two-parent | adoptive
helping emotionally damaged children to find placements with adoptive families
| patriarchal | middle-class, working-class, etc. | royal | bereaved
a counselling agency to help bereaved families
VERB + FAMILY
belong to, be one/part of, come from
He belonged to an old-established family. We all knew her so well that we felt she was almost part of the family. Many of our students come from poor families.
| marry into
She married into a wealthy family.
| run in
a medical condition which runs in the family
| be in
This painting has been in our family for generations.
FAMILY + NOUN
Do you know anything about her family background? a family history of heart disease
| connections, relationships, ties
They prefer to stay in their home country because of family ties.
| member | life | business | home | commitments
The job wouldn't really fit in with my family commitments.
| income | doctor | holiday | feud | heirloom | motto | name
(= controlling the number of children you have by using contraception)
in a/the ~
These problems occur in all families.
| within a/the ~
creating conflict within the family
family and friends
The support of family and friends is vital.
| a member of a family
large, small | young
parents with young families
VERB + FAMILY
I always wanted to have a large family.
They got married last year and plan to start a family (= have children)soon.
| bring up, raise
struggling to bring up a family on a low income
| feed, support
It is difficult for them to earn enough to feed their families.
FAMILY + NOUN
Average family size has decreased since the Victorian era.
a good family man, completely devoted to his wife and kids
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