1 descend, sink, subside, settle, drop or come (down), plummet, plunge, dive, (take a) nosedive; cascade:
The bucket fell to the bottom of the well. A meteorite fell on my house. The water falls 100 metres over the cliff at this point.
2 tumble, trip, stumble, slump, collapse, keel over, topple, crumple:
Mother fell in the kitchen and hurt her knee.
3 diminish, (become) lower, sink, decline, fall or drop off, drop, decrease, dwindle, subside, come or go down:
The price of oil fell today to a new low.
4 slope, fall away, decline:
Beyond the spinney, the meadow falls towards the river.
5 succumb, surrender, yield, give up or in, capitulate, be defeated or conquered, be captured, be taken (captive or prisoner), be overthrown, come or go to ruin, be destroyed, be lost:
The castle fell after a year's siege.
6 die, perish, drop dead, be slain or killed:
His grandfather fell at the Battle of the Marne.
7 fall apart. disintegrate, crumble, collapse, fall or come or go to pieces, break up, be destroyed; break apart, fragment, shatter:
I knew she would fall apart on the witness stand. The gadget fell apart as soon as we used it.
8 fall back. retreat, retire, withdraw, draw back; recede:
As the enemy advanced, we fell back.
9 fall back on or upon. have recourse to, rely or depend on or upon, return to, count on or upon, resort to, call on or upon, make use of, use, employ:
All the ready ammunition was gone and we had to fall back on our reserves.
10 fall behind. drop back, trail, lag; be in arrears:
If you fall behind, I'll wait for you. We fell behind in our mortgage payments.
11 fall down.
(a) collapse, drop:
She hit me so hard that I fell down.
(b) fail, be (found) wanting or lacking, be unsuccessful, be or prove inadequate or disappointing:
He had to be replaced because he fell down on the job.
12 fall flat. collapse, fail, Colloq flop, US bomb (out), lay an egg, go over like a lead balloon:
A hit in London might fall flat in New York.
13 fall for.
(a) fall in love with, be infatuated with:
Some people will fall for anyone who tells them the right time.
(b) be fooled or duped or taken in or deceived by, accept, swallow, succumb to, Slang be a sucker for, US and Canadian be a patsy for:
Did Beaseley really fall for that old confidence trick?
14 fall in. cave in, collapse, sink inwards:
The walls were about to fall in on us.
15 fall in with. join, associate with, become associated or allied with, befriend; cooperate with, go along with, concur with, support, accept:
He fell in with a gang of thieves and spent the next few years avoiding the police. She agreed to fall in with my plan.
16 fall off. diminish, decrease, decline, deteriorate:
Business falls off immediately after Christmas.
17 fall on or upon. attack, assault, assail, set upon:
Three muggers fell on me and stole my wallet.
18 fall out. disagree, differ, quarrel, clash, squabble, wrangle, dispute, fight:
We fell out over politics.
19 fall short. prove or (turn out to) be inadequate or insufficient or deficient or lacking or wanting or disappointing, miss, fail, disappoint:
The results of the sales campaign fell short of expectations.
20 fall through. fail, come to nothing or naught, miscarry, die, Colloq fizzle (out), flop:
The deal to buy the company fell through.
21 fall to. start, begin, commence, set or go about, get under way, undertake, tackle, take on; get moving, attack, Colloq get the show on the road, get cracking, US get a wiggle on, move it:
The washing-up had to be done so I fell to.
22 drop, descent, dive, nosedive, plunge, tumble, dropping, falling:
How could he have survived a fall from such a height?
23 Chiefly US and Canadian autumn:
They turn the clocks back one hour in the fall.
24 decline, decay, collapse, downfall, failure, destruction, ruin, failure, deterioration, eclipse:
Have you read Poe's classic Fall of the House of Usher ?
25 Usually, falls. cascade, cataract, waterfall; rapids:
How many falls are there along the Limpopo River?
26 depreciation, sinking, diminution, decrease, decline, lapse, downturn, down-swing, drop, drop-off, lowering, abatement, slump, collapse:
On the Stock Exchange today, investors experienced sharp falls in share prices.
27 slope, declivity, descent, decline, drop, downhill, Chiefly US and Canadian downgrade:
Note the smooth rise and fall of the land.
28 surrender, capitulation, submission, taking, seizure, capture, overthrow, defeat, conquest, downfall:
The fall of Khartoum in 1898 marked the re-establishment of British rule in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
bad, nasty, terrible
She took a bad fall while out riding.
VERB + FALL
have, suffer, take
The doctor says she's had a very nasty fall.
| break, cushion
Luckily a bush broke his fall.
The chances of surviving a fall under a train are almost nil.
in a/the ~
He was hurt in a fall at his home yesterday.
| ~ from
She broke her neck in a fall from a horse.
2 of snow/rocks
heavy | light | fresh
a fresh fall of snow
| rock, snow
covered by a light fall of volcanic ash
big, dramatic, great, large, marked, massive, significant, substantial
a big fall in house prices This triggered the recent dramatic falls on the Tokyo stock exchange.
| modest, slight, small | steady | rapid, sharp, steep, sudden, swift | expected, projected
a projected fall of 2%
| unexpected | continuing, further | overall | catastrophic
VERB + FALL
bring, cause, contribute to, lead to, trigger | see, suffer
Share prices suffered a slight fall yesterday.
| record, reveal, show
The opinion polls show a significant fall in her popularity.
Both companies reported a fall in profits in the first quarter of this year.
This figure represents a fall of 21% on the same period last year.
FALL + VERB
The fall in age at first marriage occurred during the second half of the 18th century.
a large fall in share prices
VERB + FALL
bring about, cause, contribute to, lead to
the actions that led to his eventual fall from power
the rise and fall of sth
a book charting the rise and fall of the Habsburg Empire
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