Từ điển trực tuyến - Online Dictionary
exercise
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English - Vietnamese Dictionary
exercise /'eksəsaiz/
  • danh từ
    • sự thi hành, sự thực hiện; sự sử dụng (quyền, nghề nghiệp, chức năng...)
    • thể dục, sự rèn luyện thân thể
      • to do exercises: tập thể dục
    • sự rèn luyện trí óc
    • bài tập
    • bài thi diễn thuyết
    • (số nhiều) sự tập luyện; sự tập trận sự diễn tập; thể thao quốc phòng
    • sự thờ cúng, sự lễ bái
    • (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) (số nhiều) lễ (ở trường học...)
    • ngoại động từ
      • làm, thi hành, thực hiện (nhiệm vụ, chức vụ...); hành (nghề...); sử dụng
        • to exercise one's right: sử dụng
        • to exercise one's right: sử dụng quyền hạn
      • tập luyện, rèn luyện
        • to exercise the memory: rèn luyện trí nhớ
        • to exercise oneself: tập luyện, rèn luyện
      • thử thách
      • (thường) dạng bị động quấy rầy, làm phiền khổ; làm băn khoăn, làm lo âu
        • he was much exercised over it: anh ta rất phiền khổ vì điều đó; anh ta rất băn khoăn lo lắng về điều đó
    • nội động từ
      • tập luyện; rèn luyện thân thể
    Concise Dictionary
    exercises|exercised|exercising'eksəsaɪz
    noun
    +the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
    +the act of using
    +systematic training by multiple repetitions
    +a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding
    +(usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches
    verb
    +put to use
    +carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
    +give a workout to
    +do physical exercise
    +learn by repetition

    Thesaurus Dictionary
    v.
    1 employ, use, apply, practise, bring to bear, put to use or effect; discharge, exert, wield, execute; utilize, effect:
    Try to exercise better judgement next time. The chairman exercises too much authority.
    2 work out, limber up, warm up, train, drill:
    She exercises for an hour every day.
    3 harass, annoy, irritate, vex, harry, distress, worry, concern, burden, try, trouble, perturb, disturb, agitate, make nervous, Colloq drive crazy, drive up the wall:
    We have been much exercised over the issue of acid rain.
    n.
    4 activity, workout, working-out, warm-up, warming up, callisthenics, aerobics, isometrics, gymnastics; training, drill, drilling:
    Exercise is good for the heart.
    5 action, application, practice, performance, discharge, use, utilization, employment, execution, operation:
    We expect the exercise of your best endeavours.
    Advanced English Dictionary
    noun, verb
    + noun
    activity / movements
    1 [U] physical or mental activity that you do to stay healthy or become stronger: Swimming is good exercise. + I don't get much exercise sitting in the office all day. + The mind needs exercise as well as the body. + vigorous / gentle exercise + (BrE) to take exercise
    2 [C] a set of movements or activities that you do to stay healthy or develop a skill: breathing / relaxation / stretching exercises + exercises for the piano + Repeat the exercise ten times on each leg.
    questions
    3 [C] a set of questions in a book that tests your knowledge or practises a skill: grammar exercises + Do exercise one for homework.
    use of power / right / quality
    4 [U] ~ of sth the use of power, a skill, a quality or a right to make sth happen: the exercise of power / authority by the government + the exercise of patience / discretion / judgement
    for particular result
    5 [C] ~ (in sth) an activity that is designed to achieve a particular result: an exercise in public relations + Staying calm was an exercise in self-control. + a communications exercise + In the end it proved a pointless exercise.
    for soldiers
    6 [C, usually pl.] a set of activities or movements for training soldiers: military exercises
    ceremonies
    7 (exercises) [pl.] (AmE) ceremonies: college graduation exercises
    + verb
    use power / right / quality
    1 [VN] (formal) to use your power, rights or personal qualities in order to achieve sth: When she appeared in court she exercised her right to remain silent. + He was a man who exercised considerable influence over people.
    do physical activity
    2 to do sports or other physical activities in order to stay healthy or become stronger; to make an animal do this: [V] an hour's class of exercising to music + How often do you exercise? + [VN] Horses need to be exercised regularly.
    3 [VN] to give a part of the body the movement and activity it needs to keep strong and healthy: These movements will exercise your arms and shoulders.
    be anxious
    4 [VN] [usually passive] ~ sb/sth (about sth) (formal) if sb is exercised about sth, they are very anxious about it: The public are less exercised about this matter than the media. + This very problem has exercised the minds of some of our most eminent scientists.
    Collocation Dictionary
    noun

    1 use of the body to keep healthy

    ADJ.

    good, healthy | hard, strenuous, vigorous | gentle, light, moderate
    Try to do fifteen minutes of gentle exercise every day.
    | regular | daily, morning | adequate | aerobic | mental, physical

    VERB + EXERCISE

    do, get, take
    John never does any exercise. Do you take enough exercise?
    | need

    EXERCISE + NOUN

    programme, regime, routine | class | bike | video

    PREP.

    during ~
    Stop frequently to rest during exercise until you are fitter.

    PHRASES

    a form/kind/type of exercise, lack of exercise
    Lack of exercise is a risk factor in heart disease.

    2 set of movements/activities

    ADJ.

    basic, simple | keep-fit | warm-up | breathing, relaxation, strengthening, stretching | chest, leg, etc.

    QUANT.

    set

    VERB + EXERCISE

    do, perform
    Remember to do your breathing exercises every day. You may find it helpful to perform this exercise in front of the mirror.
    | devise
    You can devise your own exercises to music.
    | repeat

    3 set of questions

    ADJ.

    easy, simple | difficult, hard | oral, practical, written | practice | comprehension, grammar, listening, translation, writing

    QUANT.

    set

    VERB + EXERCISE

    do | give sb, set (sb) | create

    PREP.

    ~ in
    an exercise in translation

    4 use of a power/a right/a quality

    ADJ.

    effective
    the effective exercise
    futile, pointless
    In the end it proved a pointless exercise.
    | academic, intellectual, mental, (pen and) paper, technical, theoretical
    This is not a purely academic exercise: it should have a real impact on the way we work as a department. Role-playing situations allows a finer assessment to be made than in pen and paper exercises.
    | costly, expensive | political
    The whole consultation process was just a cynical political exercise.
    | joint | pilot
    After a successful pilot exercise last year, the new system is being introduced throughout the company.
    | consultation, cost-cutting, costing, damage limitation, evaluation, marketing, propaganda, publicity, public relations, research

    VERB + EXERCISE

    carry out, conduct, perform
    The company has just carried out a major cost-cutting exercise.
    | embark on, mount
    Before embarking on any exercise, you should conduct a cost-benefit analysis.
    | devise

    PREP.

    ~ in
    The seminar was a valuable exercise in information exchange.

    PHRASES

    the aim/object of the exercise
    The object of the exercise is to increase public awareness of environmental issues.

    6 for soldiers/police

    ADJ.

    training | flying, military, naval | joint
    US forces took part in joint exercises with the British Navy.

    VERB + EXERCISE

    do, go on, take part in
    The troops go on exercises twice a year.
    | mount

    PREP.

    on ~
    Half the regiment was away on exercise. of power by the government
    | free
    the free exercise of informed choice
    | peaceful | legitimate, proper | improper

    VERB + EXERCISE

    limit, regulate | justify

    PHRASES

    the exercise of authority/power
    to limit theexercise of political power
    | the exercise of discretion

    5 for a particular result

    ADJ.

    simple, straightforward | major, massive | successful | interesting, useful, valuable, worthwhile | arbitrary, cosmetic, cynical, fruitless,

    verb

    ADV.

    effectively | properly | lawfully, rightfully
    the purposes for which power can be rightfully exercised

    VERB + EXERCISE

    be able to | be free to
    Managers are free to exercise their discretion in these cases.
    | be necessary to, need to
    It is necessary to exercise caution when making recommendations.
    | continue to
    The all-powerful steering committee continued to exercise control.
    | fail to
    You need to prove that the company's representative failed to exercise due care.



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